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System design and performance in alkaline direct ethanol fuel cells EI Scopus
图书章节 | 2018 | Springer Verlag
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Abstract :

Fuel cells that convert the chemical energy stored in a fuel into an electrical energy by electrochemical reactions have been recognized as one of the most promising technologies for the clean energy industry of the future, especially for alkaline direct ethanol fuel cells (DEFCs), because ethanol is less toxic than methanol and can be massively produced from agricultural products or biomass, in addition to the advantage of high specific energy and quicker electro-kinetics of both the ethanol oxidation reaction (EOR) and oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) in alkaline media. A considerable amount of effort has been devoted to the development of alkaline membranes and electro-catalystsin alkaline DEFCs, including synthesis of anion-exchange membrane and electro-catalysts, and the mechanism study of both the anodic EOR and cathodic ORR. For given materials, the improvement of the cell performance, however, depends mainly on the system design. This chapter provides a brief review of the development of alkaline DEFCs from the point of view of the system. © Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018.

Keyword :

Alkaline membranes Anion exchange membrane Electrical energy Electrochemical reactions Ethanol oxidation reaction Mechanism studies Oxygen reduction reaction System design and performance

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GB/T 7714 Li, Yinshi . System design and performance in alkaline direct ethanol fuel cells [M] //[Li, Yinshi] 编 Springer Verlag , . 2018 .
MLA Li, Yinshi . "System design and performance in alkaline direct ethanol fuel cells" [Li, Yinshi] 编 Springer Verlag , . 2018 .
APA Li, Yinshi . System design and performance in alkaline direct ethanol fuel cells [Li, Yinshi] 编 Springer Verlag , . 2018 .
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Challenges and perspectives in alkaline direct ethanol fuel cells EI Scopus
图书章节 | 2018 | Springer Verlag
SCOPUS Cited Count: 1
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Abstract :

Alkaline direct ethanol fuel cells (DEFCs) that have the quicker electro-kinetics of both the ethanol oxidation reaction and oxygen reduction reaction can yield much better performance than acid direct ethanol fuel cells, even with low-cost non-Pt metals as the electro-catalysts. The liquid-feed alkaline DEFC also possesses the advantages that a direct methanol fuel cell (DMFC) has, including simpler system structures, and fast refueling. Although appealing, many challenges in both material synthesis and system design have to be overcome before extensively commercializing the alkaline DEFCs. In view of these facts, there exists the need to improve the materials and design the novel systems, achieving the high cell performance and durability. This chapter emphasizes on challenges and perspectives in the ethanol electro-oxidation, anion-exchange membrane and the system designs. © Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018.

Keyword :

Anion exchange membrane Electro-kinetics Ethanol electro-oxidation Ethanol oxidation reaction High cell performance Material synthesis Oxygen reduction reaction System structures

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GB/T 7714 Li, Yinshi . Challenges and perspectives in alkaline direct ethanol fuel cells [M] //[Li, Yinshi] 编 Springer Verlag , . 2018 .
MLA Li, Yinshi . "Challenges and perspectives in alkaline direct ethanol fuel cells" [Li, Yinshi] 编 Springer Verlag , . 2018 .
APA Li, Yinshi . Challenges and perspectives in alkaline direct ethanol fuel cells [Li, Yinshi] 编 Springer Verlag , . 2018 .
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Big Data: A Classification of Acquisition and Generation Methods EI
图书章节 | February 8, 2017 | Elsevier Inc.
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Abstract :

Traditionally, data have been stored in securely protected databases for special purposes, such as satellite imagery data for earth science research or customer transaction data for business analytics. The usefulness of data lies in the fact that they can be examined and analyzed to unearth correlations among data items and to discover knowledge to gain deeper insightful trends. Data analytics has been the key research topic in data mining, knowledge discovery and machine learning for decades. In recent years, the term "data" has experienced a major rejuvenation in many aspects of our lives. The rapid development of the Internet and web technologies allows ordinary users to generate vast amounts of data about their daily lives. On the Internet of Things, the number of connected devices has grown exponentially; each of these produces real-time or near real-time streaming data about our physical world. The resulting data, which is extremely difficult, if not impossible, to be stored, processed, and analyzed with conventional computing methodologies and resources, is referred to as the "Big Data." In this chapter, we focus on a subset of big data: digital data and analog data. These two major subsets are further divided as the environmental and personal source of data. We have also highlighted the data types and formats as well as different input mechanisms. These classifications are helpful to understand the active and passive way of data collection and production with explicit and without (i.e., implicit) human involvement. This chapter intends to provide enough information to support the reader to understand the role of digital and analog sources, and how data is acquired, transmitted, and preprocessed using today's growing variety of computing devices and sensors. © 2017 All rights reserved.

Keyword :

Business analytics Computing devices Computing methodologies Connected Devices Data generation Data storage Satellite imagery data Sensing devices

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GB/T 7714 Nanjappan, Vijayakumar , Liang, Hai-Ning , Wang, Wei et al. Big Data: A Classification of Acquisition and Generation Methods [M] //[Nanjappan, Vijayakumar, Liang, Hai-Ning, Wang, Wei, Man, Ka L.] 编 Elsevier Inc. , . February 8, 2017 .
MLA Nanjappan, Vijayakumar et al. "Big Data: A Classification of Acquisition and Generation Methods" [Nanjappan, Vijayakumar, Liang, Hai-Ning, Wang, Wei, Man, Ka L.] 编 Elsevier Inc. , . February 8, 2017 .
APA Nanjappan, Vijayakumar , Liang, Hai-Ning , Wang, Wei , Man, Ka L. . Big Data: A Classification of Acquisition and Generation Methods [Nanjappan, Vijayakumar, Liang, Hai-Ning, Wang, Wei, Man, Ka L.] 编 Elsevier Inc. , . February 8, 2017 .
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Findings of acupuncture mechanisms using EEG and MEG EI Scopus
图书章节 | August 29, 2017 | Springer Singapore
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GB/T 7714 Qin, Wei , Bai, Lijun , Jin, Lingmin et al. Findings of acupuncture mechanisms using EEG and MEG [M] //[Qin, Wei, Bai, Lijun, Jin, Lingmin, Tian, Jie] 编 Springer Singapore , . August 29, 2017 .
MLA Qin, Wei et al. "Findings of acupuncture mechanisms using EEG and MEG" [Qin, Wei, Bai, Lijun, Jin, Lingmin, Tian, Jie] 编 Springer Singapore , . August 29, 2017 .
APA Qin, Wei , Bai, Lijun , Jin, Lingmin , Tian, Jie . Findings of acupuncture mechanisms using EEG and MEG [Qin, Wei, Bai, Lijun, Jin, Lingmin, Tian, Jie] 编 Springer Singapore , . August 29, 2017 .
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Intracellular Microfluid Transportation in Fast Growing Pollen Tubes EI Scopus
图书章节 | January 25, 2017 | Elsevier Inc.
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Abstract :

Fast tip growth of pollen tubes is a process of fundamental importance in sexual plant reproduction. In this chapter, physical models were developed to analyze the hydrodynamics and the advection-diffusion dynamics of fountain streaming in pollen tubes. It is demonstrated that the unique properties of fountain streaming contribute to the fast tip growth of pollen tubes by regulating the gradients of turgor pressure and cell wall materials. Simple experiments confirm that the tip shape and growth rate of pollen tubes are influenced by the changes in turgor pressure gradients as induced by drought stress. Both the analytical and the numerical methods presented in this chapter provide mechanistic insights for the understanding of the sexual reproduction and infertility of flowering plants under normal conditions and drought stress. © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Keyword :

Advection - Diffusion Cyclosis Driving forces Gradients Tip growth

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GB/T 7714 Liu, S. , Liu, H. , Lin, M. et al. Intracellular Microfluid Transportation in Fast Growing Pollen Tubes [M] //[Liu, S., Liu, H., Lin, M., Xu, F., Lu, T.J.] 编 Elsevier Inc. , . January 25, 2017 .
MLA Liu, S. et al. "Intracellular Microfluid Transportation in Fast Growing Pollen Tubes" [Liu, S., Liu, H., Lin, M., Xu, F., Lu, T.J.] 编 Elsevier Inc. , . January 25, 2017 .
APA Liu, S. , Liu, H. , Lin, M. , Xu, F. , Lu, T.J. . Intracellular Microfluid Transportation in Fast Growing Pollen Tubes [Liu, S., Liu, H., Lin, M., Xu, F., Lu, T.J.] 编 Elsevier Inc. , . January 25, 2017 .
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Temporospatial encoding of acupuncture effects in the brain EI Scopus
图书章节 | August 29, 2017 | Springer Singapore
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GB/T 7714 Bai, Lijun , Tian, Jie . Temporospatial encoding of acupuncture effects in the brain [M] //[Bai, Lijun, Tian, Jie] 编 Springer Singapore , . August 29, 2017 .
MLA Bai, Lijun et al. "Temporospatial encoding of acupuncture effects in the brain" [Bai, Lijun, Tian, Jie] 编 Springer Singapore , . August 29, 2017 .
APA Bai, Lijun , Tian, Jie . Temporospatial encoding of acupuncture effects in the brain [Bai, Lijun, Tian, Jie] 编 Springer Singapore , . August 29, 2017 .
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Heat transfer of ferrofluids: A review EI
图书章节 | January 1, 2016 | Nova Science Publishers, Inc.
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Abstract :

Ferrofluids, also called magnetic fluids, are stable colloidal suspensions, of which the flow and energy transport processes can be controlled by applying an external magnetic field. The objective of this paper is to provide a comprehensive review of the significant efforts the researchers have made to understand the coupled magnetism and flow/heat transfer behaviors of ferrofluids. Ferrohydrodynamic equations, transport properties, thermomagnetic convection, including convective instability and convective heat transfer are covered. Particular emphasis is placed on the studies related to thermal systems. In addition, some potential opportunities for future research in the area of flow and heat transfer of ferrofluids are identified. © 2016 Nova Science Publishers, Inc.

Keyword :

Boiling heat transfer Convective heat transfer Convective instabilities Energy transport process External magnetic field Ferrohydrodynamic equations Magnetic convection Thermomagnetic convection

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GB/T 7714 He, Yongqing , Bi, Qincheng , Chen, Tingkuan . Heat transfer of ferrofluids: A review [M] //[He, Yongqing, Bi, Qincheng, Chen, Tingkuan] 编 Nova Science Publishers, Inc. , . January 1, 2016 .
MLA He, Yongqing et al. "Heat transfer of ferrofluids: A review" [He, Yongqing, Bi, Qincheng, Chen, Tingkuan] 编 Nova Science Publishers, Inc. , . January 1, 2016 .
APA He, Yongqing , Bi, Qincheng , Chen, Tingkuan . Heat transfer of ferrofluids: A review [He, Yongqing, Bi, Qincheng, Chen, Tingkuan] 编 Nova Science Publishers, Inc. , . January 1, 2016 .
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Self-cleaning and superhydrophobic surfaces EI Scopus
图书章节 | January 1, 2016 | World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd.
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Keyword :

Self cleaning Super-hydrophobic surfaces

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GB/T 7714 Li, G.G. , Zhao, Y.T. , Zhang, L. et al. Self-cleaning and superhydrophobic surfaces [M] //[Li, G.G., Zhao, Y.T., Zhang, L., Liu, B.D., Luo, Y., Li, B.Y., Ng, E.Y.K.] 编 World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd. , . January 1, 2016 .
MLA Li, G.G. et al. "Self-cleaning and superhydrophobic surfaces" [Li, G.G., Zhao, Y.T., Zhang, L., Liu, B.D., Luo, Y., Li, B.Y., Ng, E.Y.K.] 编 World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd. , . January 1, 2016 .
APA Li, G.G. , Zhao, Y.T. , Zhang, L. , Liu, B.D. , Luo, Y. , Li, B.Y. et al. Self-cleaning and superhydrophobic surfaces [Li, G.G., Zhao, Y.T., Zhang, L., Liu, B.D., Luo, Y., Li, B.Y., Ng, E.Y.K.] 编 World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd. , . January 1, 2016 .
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Treatments and constructing digital model of biological shark skin/shark EI Scopus
图书章节 | January 1, 2016 | World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd.
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Keyword :

Digital model Shark skins

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GB/T 7714 Li, G.G. , Zhao, Y.T. , Zhang, L. et al. Treatments and constructing digital model of biological shark skin/shark [M] //[Li, G.G., Zhao, Y.T., Zhang, L., Luo, Y., Ng, E.Y.K.] 编 World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd. , . January 1, 2016 .
MLA Li, G.G. et al. "Treatments and constructing digital model of biological shark skin/shark" [Li, G.G., Zhao, Y.T., Zhang, L., Luo, Y., Ng, E.Y.K.] 编 World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd. , . January 1, 2016 .
APA Li, G.G. , Zhao, Y.T. , Zhang, L. , Luo, Y. , Ng, E.Y.K. . Treatments and constructing digital model of biological shark skin/shark [Li, G.G., Zhao, Y.T., Zhang, L., Luo, Y., Ng, E.Y.K.] 编 World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd. , . January 1, 2016 .
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Behavior evolution on performance of UV-irradiation aged asphalt mixtures under reduced-scale accelerated trafficking EI Scopus
图书章节 | September 15, 2016 | Springer International Publishing
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Abstract :

In order to investigate the actual behavior evolution of asphalt pavement after the Ultra Violet irradiation (UV-irradiation) aging, reduced-scale accelerated pavement tests were conducted on two separate asphalt mixtures with a stone matrix asphalt (SMA-13) structure, respectively, crumb-rubber modified asphalt mixture and its matrix asphalt mixture, at ambient air temperature. In each group, UV-irradiation aged asphalt mixture after ultraviolet irradiation of 300 h and its corresponding non-aged asphalt mixture were trafficked at the same time by the 1/3 model mobile load simulator (MMLS3) till the cumulative loading applications up to 500,000. The test results show that the performance attenuation degree of the crumb-rubber modified asphalt mixture was lower than that of the matrix asphalt mixture, so the rubber additive helps to reduce the effect of the UV-irradiation aging. Rutting deformation, three-dimensional dynamic strain and seismic modulus were measured during the accelerated loading test. The rutting results (including the rutting depth, rutting area and its development rates), the surface dynamic strains, and the decay rate of the seismic modulus from the UV-irradiation aged asphalt mixture were greater than those of non-aged sample, and the difference narrowed after the cumulative loading applications reached more than 100,000. In addition the analysis of the modification rutting factor from the dynamic shear rheometer (DSR) test, the UV-irradiation aging weakened the high temperature stability and mechanical strength. Therefore, the UV-irradiation aging aggregated the performance decay of asphalt mixture and will inevitably shorten its service life. © 2016. Springer International Publishing Switzerland.

Keyword :

Accelerated pavement testing Crumb rubber Rutting deformation Seismic modulus Three-dimensional strains

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GB/T 7714 Wu, Jinting , Ye, Fen , Hugo, Frederick et al. Behavior evolution on performance of UV-irradiation aged asphalt mixtures under reduced-scale accelerated trafficking [M] //[Wu, Jinting, Ye, Fen, Hugo, Frederick, Wu, Yinting, Wang, Feng, Ding, Xinhui] 编 Springer International Publishing , . September 15, 2016 .
MLA Wu, Jinting et al. "Behavior evolution on performance of UV-irradiation aged asphalt mixtures under reduced-scale accelerated trafficking" [Wu, Jinting, Ye, Fen, Hugo, Frederick, Wu, Yinting, Wang, Feng, Ding, Xinhui] 编 Springer International Publishing , . September 15, 2016 .
APA Wu, Jinting , Ye, Fen , Hugo, Frederick , Wu, Yinting , Wang, Feng , Ding, Xinhui . Behavior evolution on performance of UV-irradiation aged asphalt mixtures under reduced-scale accelerated trafficking [Wu, Jinting, Ye, Fen, Hugo, Frederick, Wu, Yinting, Wang, Feng, Ding, Xinhui] 编 Springer International Publishing , . September 15, 2016 .
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