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< Page ,Total 445 >
The Mediating Effects of Job Satisfaction on the Association between Doctor-patient Relationship and OCB among Physicians in China SSCI SCIE PubMed
期刊论文 | 2018 , 47 (5) , 698-705 | IRANIAN JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH
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Background: The aim of this study was to investigate OCB among physicians in China and explore whether their job satisfaction mediates the association between doctor-patient relationship (DPR) and organizational citizenship behavior (OCB). Methods: This cross-sectional, questionnaire-based survey was conducted among 1400 physicians in Shaanxi, China in 2014. The subjects were selected using a multi-stage cluster sampling methodology. The self-administered questionnaires included OCB Scale, DDPRQ, and PJSQ. Hierarchical linear regression analysis was used to estimate the effects of job satisfaction on the association between DPR and OCB. Results: DPR negatively predicted four dimensions of OCB, including conscientiousness, sportsmanship, civic virtue, and altruism. DPR was negatively related to five job satisfaction dimensions, namely work satisfaction (WS), promotion satisfaction (PS), reward satisfaction (RS), supervision satisfaction (SS), and environment satisfaction (ES). WS was positively correlated with conscientiousness and civic virtue; PS and SS were positively related to all four OCB dimensions; RS was positively related with civic virtue and altruism, and ES was positively correlated with conscientiousness and civic virtue. WS and PS partially mediated the association between DPR and conscientiousness; PS and SS partially mediated the relation between DPR and sportsmanship; PS, SS, and ES mediated the association between DPR and civic virtue; and PS, RS and SS partially mediated the relation between DPR and altruism. Conclusion: Job satisfaction mediated the association between DPR and OCB among Chinese physicians. The poor DPR possibly reduce physicians' job satisfaction, thereby causing a decline of OCB in hospitals. Therefore, DPR improvement and job satisfaction have a great potential to promote physicians' job performance in China.

Keyword :

Job satisfaction OCB Doctor-patient relationship

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GB/T 7714 Han, Rui , Wei, Lin , Li, Jingping et al. The Mediating Effects of Job Satisfaction on the Association between Doctor-patient Relationship and OCB among Physicians in China [J]. | IRANIAN JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH , 2018 , 47 (5) : 698-705 .
MLA Han, Rui et al. "The Mediating Effects of Job Satisfaction on the Association between Doctor-patient Relationship and OCB among Physicians in China" . | IRANIAN JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH 47 . 5 (2018) : 698-705 .
APA Han, Rui , Wei, Lin , Li, Jingping , Zhang, Ding , Li, Hongliang . The Mediating Effects of Job Satisfaction on the Association between Doctor-patient Relationship and OCB among Physicians in China . | IRANIAN JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH , 2018 , 47 (5) , 698-705 .
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Who Is the Rightful Owner? Young Children's Ownership Judgments in Different Transfer Contexts SSCI PubMed
期刊论文 | 2018 , 9 | FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY
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This study aimed to examine whether Chinese preschoolers understand that ownership can be transferred in different contexts. The study participants were 3- to 5-year-old Chinese children (n = 96) and adults (n = 34). With four scenarios that contained different transfer types (giving, stealing, losing, and abandoning), participants were asked four questions about ownership. The results indicated that preschoolers' ability to distinguish legitimate ownership transfers from illegitimate ownership transfers improved with age. Three-year-olds understood that ownership cannot be transferred in a stealing context, but the appropriate understanding of ownership was not attained until 4 years old in a giving context and 5 years old in losing and abandoning contexts, which is similar to the adults' performance. In addition to the first possessor bias (a tendency to judge the first possessor as the owner) found in previous studies, 3-year-olds also displayed a loan bias (a tendency to believe everything that is transferred should be returned) in the study. The findings suggest that the developmental trajectories of preschoolers' understanding of ownership transfers varied across different contexts, which may relate to children's ability to consider the role of intent in determining ownership and parents' disciplinary behavior. Both cross-cultural similarities and differences are discussed.

Keyword :

first possessor bias ownership transfers losing and abandoning giving and stealing ownership reasoning

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GB/T 7714 Li, Zhanxing , Qi, Minli , Yu, Jing et al. Who Is the Rightful Owner? Young Children's Ownership Judgments in Different Transfer Contexts [J]. | FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY , 2018 , 9 .
MLA Li, Zhanxing et al. "Who Is the Rightful Owner? Young Children's Ownership Judgments in Different Transfer Contexts" . | FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY 9 (2018) .
APA Li, Zhanxing , Qi, Minli , Yu, Jing , Zhu, Liqi . Who Is the Rightful Owner? Young Children's Ownership Judgments in Different Transfer Contexts . | FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY , 2018 , 9 .
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Which Socio-Economic Indicators Influence Collective Morality? Big Data Analysis on Online Chinese Social Media SSCI Scopus
期刊论文 | 2018 , 54 (4) , 792-800 | EMERGING MARKETS FINANCE AND TRADE
WoS CC Cited Count: 1
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The relationship between Socio-economic factors and morality remains controversial. Previous research has found that wealth makes people unethical, while other research suggests that poverty is a good predictor of unethical behavior. The relationship between other social factors is also ambiguous. In the current study, the relationship between socio-economic indicators reported by the National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China and moral motivation revealed from online social networking, Sina Weibo was constructed. Using data from the whole year of 2013 Sina Weibo microblogs, we found that the poor and rich areas were more willing to behave immorally, and the relation between GDP and collective moral motivation was curved. Also, normal people were less ethical when prices increased than when incomes decreased. Ecological construction and the value added by industries which used more farmers and off-farm workers were both correlated with morality. We also found a dark side to science and technological innovation, which harmed collective morality when areas grew richer. But all the results we found were correlational, more casual lab experiments were needed in future research.

Keyword :

GDP moral motivation online social network big data morality

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GB/T 7714 Zhang, Yu , Yu, Feng . Which Socio-Economic Indicators Influence Collective Morality? Big Data Analysis on Online Chinese Social Media [J]. | EMERGING MARKETS FINANCE AND TRADE , 2018 , 54 (4) : 792-800 .
MLA Zhang, Yu et al. "Which Socio-Economic Indicators Influence Collective Morality? Big Data Analysis on Online Chinese Social Media" . | EMERGING MARKETS FINANCE AND TRADE 54 . 4 (2018) : 792-800 .
APA Zhang, Yu , Yu, Feng . Which Socio-Economic Indicators Influence Collective Morality? Big Data Analysis on Online Chinese Social Media . | EMERGING MARKETS FINANCE AND TRADE , 2018 , 54 (4) , 792-800 .
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Integration Journey: The Social Mobility Trajectory of Ethnic Minority Groups in Britain SSCI Scopus
期刊论文 | 2018 , 6 (3) , 270-281 | SOCIAL INCLUSION
WoS CC Cited Count: 1
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This article studies the processes of social mobility by the main ethno-generational groups in Britain. We compare the origin-education-destination (OED) links between the first- and second- generation ethnic minority groups with those of whites, with a particular focus on whether the second generation are getting closer to whites than do the first generation in the links, hence becoming increasingly integrated into the socio-economic lives of British society. Using data from the UK Household Longitudinal Study and adopting structural equation modelling (SEM) methods, we find strong evidence of first-generation setback, and some signs of second-generation catch-up. Indians and Chinese are making progress, but the two black groups and Pakistanis/Bangladeshis are lagging behind. The analysis shows persisting ethnic disadvantages in the labour market in spite of their high levels of educational achievement, and it also shows an emerging order of ethnic hierarchy, running from Indian, Chinese, black Caribbean, Pakistani/Bangladeshi to black African groups.

Keyword :

generation social mobility UK ethnicity minorities

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GB/T 7714 Li, Yaojun . Integration Journey: The Social Mobility Trajectory of Ethnic Minority Groups in Britain [J]. | SOCIAL INCLUSION , 2018 , 6 (3) : 270-281 .
MLA Li, Yaojun . "Integration Journey: The Social Mobility Trajectory of Ethnic Minority Groups in Britain" . | SOCIAL INCLUSION 6 . 3 (2018) : 270-281 .
APA Li, Yaojun . Integration Journey: The Social Mobility Trajectory of Ethnic Minority Groups in Britain . | SOCIAL INCLUSION , 2018 , 6 (3) , 270-281 .
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The Prevalence and the Increasing Significance of Guanxi SSCI Scopus
期刊论文 | 2018 , 235 , 597-621 | CHINA QUARTERLY
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This paper provides an analytical review of the social science literature on guanxi. The focus of this review is on the prevalence and the increasing significance of guanxi during China's post-1978 reforms, which were implemented to move the country towards a market economy. Since then, researchers have engaged in debates on what guanxi actually means to Chinese people in the past and today, how it has been adaptive to ongoing institutional transformations, and why its influence in economic, social, and political spheres can stabilize, increase or decrease with market reforms and economic growth. The author provides a synthesis of these debates before offering a theoretical framework which provides an understanding of the dynamics of guanxi through the changing degrees of institutional uncertainty and market competition. Survey findings on the increasing use of guanxi in labour markets from 1978 to 2009 are presented to illustrate the usefulness of this framework. In the conclusion, the author argues that guanxi is a five-level variable, and that the nature and forms of guanxi influence are contingent upon whether guanxi is a tie of connectivity, a sentimental tie, a sentiment-derived instrumental tie, an instrumental-particular tie, or an obligational tie that facilitates power and money exchanges. This five-level conceptualization is aimed at advancing future scholarship of guanxi in China's rapidly changing society.

Keyword :

China guanxi job-search networks

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GB/T 7714 Bian, Yanjie . The Prevalence and the Increasing Significance of Guanxi [J]. | CHINA QUARTERLY , 2018 , 235 : 597-621 .
MLA Bian, Yanjie . "The Prevalence and the Increasing Significance of Guanxi" . | CHINA QUARTERLY 235 (2018) : 597-621 .
APA Bian, Yanjie . The Prevalence and the Increasing Significance of Guanxi . | CHINA QUARTERLY , 2018 , 235 , 597-621 .
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More than double jeopardy: An intersectional analysis of persistent income disadvantages of Chinese female migrant workers SSCI Scopus
期刊论文 | 2018 , 24 (2) , 246-269 | ASIAN JOURNAL OF WOMENS STUDIES
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Researchers have attributed the low wages of Chinese female migrant workers to the independent effects of gender and hukou (household registration). Using an intersectional perspective that recognizes the interplay of gender, birthplace, and hukou, this paper identifies six different groups of workers in China's urban labor market. Both in-depth interviews and survey data demonstrate that from 2003 to 2013, a decade seen as one of China's continuous economic growth and rising income inequality, female migrant workers earned the lowest wages among the six groups, and their income disadvantages were more than double the disadvantages of gender and hukou combined. This trend was persistent during this decade even after the workers' education, party membership, and labor market segregation were taken into account. These results imply a within-job wage differential for female migrant workers and a discriminatory wage policy that is tacitly observed by both state and private employers.

Keyword :

Intersectionality income inequality hukou female migrant workers China patriarchy

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GB/T 7714 Wang, Yixuan , Cheng, Cheng , Bian, Yanjie . More than double jeopardy: An intersectional analysis of persistent income disadvantages of Chinese female migrant workers [J]. | ASIAN JOURNAL OF WOMENS STUDIES , 2018 , 24 (2) : 246-269 .
MLA Wang, Yixuan et al. "More than double jeopardy: An intersectional analysis of persistent income disadvantages of Chinese female migrant workers" . | ASIAN JOURNAL OF WOMENS STUDIES 24 . 2 (2018) : 246-269 .
APA Wang, Yixuan , Cheng, Cheng , Bian, Yanjie . More than double jeopardy: An intersectional analysis of persistent income disadvantages of Chinese female migrant workers . | ASIAN JOURNAL OF WOMENS STUDIES , 2018 , 24 (2) , 246-269 .
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Cyber-ostracism and its relation to depression among Chinese adolescents: The moderating role of optimism SSCI Scopus
期刊论文 | 2018 , 123 , 105-109 | PERSONALITY AND INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES
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Internet has been a popular medium and means to interconnect with others, with increasing opportunities for inclusion; at the same time, being ignored and excluded, a phenomenon referring to cyber-ostraism also increased. This study investigated the influence of cyber-ostracism on Chinese adolescents' depression, and the moderating role of optimism between them. First, a scale with 14-item was developed to measure the cyber-ostracism experience of adolescents. Then, a survey was conducted among 1626 Chinese adolescents aged 12-18, and the results showed that: (1) cyber-ostracism was positively correlated with depression, while optimism was negatively correlated with depression, (2) optimism could moderate the influence of cyber-ostracism on depression, with a stronger association for adolescents with low level of optimism. Results indicated that cyber-ostracism is a negative interpersonal experience as ostracism in real life, while optimism could alleviate the detrimental effect of cyber-ostracism.

Keyword :

Optimism Adolescents Depression Cyber-ostracism

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GB/T 7714 Niu, Geng-Feng , Zhou, Zong-Kui , Sun, Xiao-jun et al. Cyber-ostracism and its relation to depression among Chinese adolescents: The moderating role of optimism [J]. | PERSONALITY AND INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES , 2018 , 123 : 105-109 .
MLA Niu, Geng-Feng et al. "Cyber-ostracism and its relation to depression among Chinese adolescents: The moderating role of optimism" . | PERSONALITY AND INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES 123 (2018) : 105-109 .
APA Niu, Geng-Feng , Zhou, Zong-Kui , Sun, Xiao-jun , Yu, Feng , Xie, Xiao-Chun , Liu, Qing-Qi et al. Cyber-ostracism and its relation to depression among Chinese adolescents: The moderating role of optimism . | PERSONALITY AND INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES , 2018 , 123 , 105-109 .
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Qzone use and depression among Chinese adolescents: A moderated mediation model SSCI SCIE PubMed Scopus
期刊论文 | 2018 , 231 , 58-62 | JOURNAL OF AFFECTIVE DISORDERS
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Background: Social networking sites (SNSs), which provide abundant social comparison opportunities, are ubiquitous around the world, especially among adolescents. In China, Qzone stands out as the most popular SNS. Due to the opportunity it provides for meticulous self-presentation, SNS may give the impression that others are doing better, which is detrimental to individuals' well-being. Based on social comparison theory, the current study aimed to investigate the association between Chinese adolescents' SNS (Qzone) use and depression, as well as the mediating role of negative social comparison and the moderating role of self-esteem. Method: A total of 764 adolescents (aged 12-18 years, M = 14.23, SD = 1.75), who had an active Qzone account, were recruited voluntarily to complete questionnaires on Qzone use intensity, negative social comparison on Qzone, self-esteem, and depression. Results: More intense Qzone use was associated with higher level of negative social comparison on Qzone, which fully mediated the association between Qzone use and depression. Moreover, the mediating effect of negative social comparison on Qzone was moderated by self-esteem. The specific link between Qzone use and negative social comparison was weaker among adolescents with high self-esteem than those with low self-esteem. Limitations: As all the data in this study were self-reported and cross-sectional, causal associations cannot be identified. Additionally, the specific activities on SNS were not identified. Conclusions: Negative social comparison may be a key factor and mechanism accounting for the positive association between SNS use and depression, while self-esteem could protect adolescents from the adverse outcome of SNS use.

Keyword :

social networking site negative social comparison Qzone adolescents depression self-esteem

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GB/T 7714 Niu, Geng-feng , Luo, Yi-jun , Sun, Xiao-jun et al. Qzone use and depression among Chinese adolescents: A moderated mediation model [J]. | JOURNAL OF AFFECTIVE DISORDERS , 2018 , 231 : 58-62 .
MLA Niu, Geng-feng et al. "Qzone use and depression among Chinese adolescents: A moderated mediation model" . | JOURNAL OF AFFECTIVE DISORDERS 231 (2018) : 58-62 .
APA Niu, Geng-feng , Luo, Yi-jun , Sun, Xiao-jun , Zhou, Zong-kui , Yu, Feng , Yang, Shen-long et al. Qzone use and depression among Chinese adolescents: A moderated mediation model . | JOURNAL OF AFFECTIVE DISORDERS , 2018 , 231 , 58-62 .
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The Structure of Labor Markets in the US and China: Social Capital and Guanxi SSCI Scopus
期刊论文 | 2018 , 14 (1) , 5-36 | MANAGEMENT AND ORGANIZATION REVIEW
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Despite the major cultural and political differences between the United States and China, in both countries access to jobs is supposed to be guided by fair and equitable procedures. In the US, there is a presumption of an open labor market in which potential employees compete on the basis of their qualifications, where the fairness of decisions is guided by anti-discrimination laws and normative organizational policies. In China, although there is a history of close relationships that guide the exchange of favors, following the 1949 revolution, Communist Party leaders were given the authority to allocate positions in ways that were supposed to eliminate special privileges of class and background. Yet recent research has suggested that social connections are an important part of getting a job in both the US and China for two-thirds to three-quarters of job seekers. In the US context, such connections are described as social capital. In the Chinese context, connections are defined as guanxi. In this article, we review research on labor market processes in both the US and China to address three important questions: (a) How can we understand the similar functioning of labor markets in such distinct cultural and political systems as the US and China? (b) What are the mechanisms or processes by which people find jobs in the US and China, and how are people able to access these mechanisms or processes in the context of constraining social structures and legal environments? and (c) What are the theoretical implications of the generalized particularism' that seems to shape labor markets in both the US and China.

Keyword :

guanxi social capital labor markets social networks

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GB/T 7714 DiTomaso, Nancy , Bian, Yanjie . The Structure of Labor Markets in the US and China: Social Capital and Guanxi [J]. | MANAGEMENT AND ORGANIZATION REVIEW , 2018 , 14 (1) : 5-36 .
MLA DiTomaso, Nancy et al. "The Structure of Labor Markets in the US and China: Social Capital and Guanxi" . | MANAGEMENT AND ORGANIZATION REVIEW 14 . 1 (2018) : 5-36 .
APA DiTomaso, Nancy , Bian, Yanjie . The Structure of Labor Markets in the US and China: Social Capital and Guanxi . | MANAGEMENT AND ORGANIZATION REVIEW , 2018 , 14 (1) , 5-36 .
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Online Real-Self Presentation and Depression among Chinese Teens: Mediating Role of Social Support and Moderating Role of Dispositional Optimism SSCI Scopus
期刊论文 | 2018 , 11 (5) , 1531-1544 | CHILD INDICATORS RESEARCH
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The present study aimed to test the relation between adolescents' online real-self presentation and depression, as well as the mediating role of social support and moderating role of dispositional optimism. A sample of 1742 Chinese adolescents (girl=961, mean age=14.35 +/- 1.52years) completed questionnaires of depression, online real-self presentation, social support, and dispositional optimism. Results of correlation and regression analyses showed that adolescents' online real-self presentation could predict decreased depression via increasing social support. What's more, the mediation effect was moderated by dispositional optimism, in which the mediation effect was stronger among adolescents with low dispositional optimism than those with high dispositional optimism. This study explained how and when online real-self presentation affected adolescents' depressive symptoms, and provided a deeper understanding of the relation between online self-presentation and adolescents' mental health. The implications and limitations were discussed.

Keyword :

Social support Dispositional optimism Depression Online real-self presentation

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GB/T 7714 Xie, Xiaochun , Wang, Xingchao , Zhao, Fengqing et al. Online Real-Self Presentation and Depression among Chinese Teens: Mediating Role of Social Support and Moderating Role of Dispositional Optimism [J]. | CHILD INDICATORS RESEARCH , 2018 , 11 (5) : 1531-1544 .
MLA Xie, Xiaochun et al. "Online Real-Self Presentation and Depression among Chinese Teens: Mediating Role of Social Support and Moderating Role of Dispositional Optimism" . | CHILD INDICATORS RESEARCH 11 . 5 (2018) : 1531-1544 .
APA Xie, Xiaochun , Wang, Xingchao , Zhao, Fengqing , Lei, Li , Niu, Gengfeng , Wang, Pengcheng . Online Real-Self Presentation and Depression among Chinese Teens: Mediating Role of Social Support and Moderating Role of Dispositional Optimism . | CHILD INDICATORS RESEARCH , 2018 , 11 (5) , 1531-1544 .
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