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THE ECONOMIC EFFECTS OF ANTI-DUMPING AND ANTI-SUBSIDY POLICIES AMONG CHINA, THE US AND THE EU: THE PHOTOVOLTAIC INDUSTRY SSCI Scopus
期刊论文 | 2018 , 63 (3) , 513-534 | SINGAPORE ECONOMIC REVIEW
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Abstract :

Since the end of 2011, the U.S., the European Union (EU) and China have been searching for a trade remedy regarding each other's photovoltaic (PV) industry. Based on the perspective of the value chain of Global Solar Energy PV industry, this paper examines related factors including the tax rate imposed on the PV industry, and uses the global simulation model (GSIM) to predict the trade impact and welfare effects generated from the "double-anti" policy (anti-dumping laws with countervailing duties). The results of the research showed that China has not yet formed a complete value chain of the PV industry that is internationally competitive. The economic effect of the "double-anti" policy on China as a result of the EU is more pronounced than that with the U.S. The "double-anti" policy will have a negative impact on China's low carbon economy development. The authors conclude that the development of polycrystalline silicon in China needs to be supported by forcible policy measures and targeted measures are proposed.

Keyword :

"double-anti" investigations Value chain of the photovoltaic industry anti-dumping laws GSIM policy simulation countervailing tariffs

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GB/T 7714 Wang, Hua , Wang, Jue , Feng, Zhongxian . THE ECONOMIC EFFECTS OF ANTI-DUMPING AND ANTI-SUBSIDY POLICIES AMONG CHINA, THE US AND THE EU: THE PHOTOVOLTAIC INDUSTRY [J]. | SINGAPORE ECONOMIC REVIEW , 2018 , 63 (3) : 513-534 .
MLA Wang, Hua 等. "THE ECONOMIC EFFECTS OF ANTI-DUMPING AND ANTI-SUBSIDY POLICIES AMONG CHINA, THE US AND THE EU: THE PHOTOVOLTAIC INDUSTRY" . | SINGAPORE ECONOMIC REVIEW 63 . 3 (2018) : 513-534 .
APA Wang, Hua , Wang, Jue , Feng, Zhongxian . THE ECONOMIC EFFECTS OF ANTI-DUMPING AND ANTI-SUBSIDY POLICIES AMONG CHINA, THE US AND THE EU: THE PHOTOVOLTAIC INDUSTRY . | SINGAPORE ECONOMIC REVIEW , 2018 , 63 (3) , 513-534 .
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How does language change as a lexical network? An investigation based on written Chinese word co-occurrence networks SSCI SCIE PubMed Scopus
期刊论文 | 2018 , 13 (2) | PLOS ONE
WoS CC Cited Count: 1
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Abstract :

Language is a complex adaptive system, but how does it change? For investigating this process, four diachronic Chinese word co-occurrence networks have been built based on texts that were written during the last 2,000 years. By comparing the network indicators that are associated with the hierarchical features in language networks, we learn that the hierarchy of Chinese lexical networks has indeed evolved over time at three different levels. The connections of words at the micro level are continually weakening; the number of words in the meso-level communities has increased significantly; and the network is expanding at the macro level. This means that more and more words tend to be connected to medium-central words and form different communities. Meanwhile, fewer high-central words link these communities into a highly efficient small-world network. Understanding this process may be crucial for understanding the increasing structural complexity of the language system.

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GB/T 7714 Chen, Heng , Chen, Xinying , Liu, Haitao . How does language change as a lexical network? An investigation based on written Chinese word co-occurrence networks [J]. | PLOS ONE , 2018 , 13 (2) .
MLA Chen, Heng 等. "How does language change as a lexical network? An investigation based on written Chinese word co-occurrence networks" . | PLOS ONE 13 . 2 (2018) .
APA Chen, Heng , Chen, Xinying , Liu, Haitao . How does language change as a lexical network? An investigation based on written Chinese word co-occurrence networks . | PLOS ONE , 2018 , 13 (2) .
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Harmony in diversity: The language codes in English-Chinese poetry translation AHCI SSCI Scopus
期刊论文 | 2018 , 33 (1) , 128-142 | DIGITAL SCHOLARSHIP IN THE HUMANITIES
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Abstract :

Translating poetry is a very complex process. The paradoxical nature of untranslatability and translatability of poetry has been noticed by Hai An (The translation of poetry by the translator-cum-poet. Chinese Translator Journals 2005; 6:27-30), citing two famous scholars who are holding totally different opinions toward poetry translation. Robert Frost purports that 'poetry is what gets lost in translation', and Susan Bassnet advocates 'poetry is what we gain in translation'. However, the common ground between these two drastic opinions is that poetry translation is no more a repetition of the original works than a reproduction. There are both similarities and discrepancies between the translated works and the original pieces, or in another word: 'harmony in diversity'. This study aims to testify the above-mentioned proposal in a clear and objective manner, by comparing the original poetry texts (twenty randomly selected poems from Shakespearean sonnets) with their translated versions (the corresponding Chinese-translated versions by four different translators) from the perspective of vocabulary, word frequency distribution and part-of-speech (POS) frequency distribution. The results have corroborated the previous proposal: first, there is no significant difference in terms of vocabulary size and the text management styles between the translated poems and the original ones. Second, there is a significant difference in the word frequency distribution and POS frequency distribution between translated poems and the original ones. Third, there are also differences in the POS frequency distribution in poems translated by different authors. Furthermore, the translation style could distinguish professional translators from professional poets.

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GB/T 7714 Pan, Xiaxing , Chen, Xinying , Liu, Haitao . Harmony in diversity: The language codes in English-Chinese poetry translation [J]. | DIGITAL SCHOLARSHIP IN THE HUMANITIES , 2018 , 33 (1) : 128-142 .
MLA Pan, Xiaxing 等. "Harmony in diversity: The language codes in English-Chinese poetry translation" . | DIGITAL SCHOLARSHIP IN THE HUMANITIES 33 . 1 (2018) : 128-142 .
APA Pan, Xiaxing , Chen, Xinying , Liu, Haitao . Harmony in diversity: The language codes in English-Chinese poetry translation . | DIGITAL SCHOLARSHIP IN THE HUMANITIES , 2018 , 33 (1) , 128-142 .
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A Deep Multi-Modal CNN for Multi-Instance Multi-Label Image Classification EI SCIE Scopus
期刊论文 | 2018 , 27 (12) , 6025-6038 | IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON IMAGE PROCESSING
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Abstract :

Deep convolutional neural networks (CNNs) have shown superior performance on the task of single-label image classification. However, the applicability of CNNs to multi-label images still remains an open problem, mainly because of two reasons. First, each image is usually treated as an inseparable entity and represented as one instance, which mixes the visual information corresponding to different labels. Second, the correlations amongst labels are often overlooked. To address these limitations, we propose a deep multi-modal CNN for multi-instance multi-label image classification, called MMCNN-MIML. By combining CNNs with multi-instance multi-label (MIML) learning, our model represents each image as a bag of instances for image classification and inherits the merits of both CNNs and MIML. In particular, MMCNN-MIML has three main appealing properties: 1) it can automatically generate instance representations for MIML by exploiting the architecture of CNNs; 2) it takes advantage of the label correlations by grouping labels in its later layers; and 3) it incorporates the textual context of label groups to generate multi-modal instances, which are effective in discriminating visually similar objects belonging to different groups. Empirical studies on several benchmark multi-label image data sets show that MMCNN-MIML significantly outperforms the state-of-the-art baselines on multi-label image classification tasks.

Keyword :

CNN context information label correlations multi-label image classification MIML

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GB/T 7714 Song, Lingyun , Liu, Jun , Qian, Buyue et al. A Deep Multi-Modal CNN for Multi-Instance Multi-Label Image Classification [J]. | IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON IMAGE PROCESSING , 2018 , 27 (12) : 6025-6038 .
MLA Song, Lingyun et al. "A Deep Multi-Modal CNN for Multi-Instance Multi-Label Image Classification" . | IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON IMAGE PROCESSING 27 . 12 (2018) : 6025-6038 .
APA Song, Lingyun , Liu, Jun , Qian, Buyue , Sun, Mingxuan , Yang, Kuan , Sun, Meng et al. A Deep Multi-Modal CNN for Multi-Instance Multi-Label Image Classification . | IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON IMAGE PROCESSING , 2018 , 27 (12) , 6025-6038 .
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What price the building of world-class universities? Academic pressure faced by young lecturers at a research-centered University in China SSCI Scopus
期刊论文 | 2017 , 22 (8) , 957-974 | TEACHING IN HIGHER EDUCATION | IF: 1.316
WoS CC Cited Count: 2
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Abstract :

This study explores the challenges faced by young lecturers in managerial transformation in elite Chinese academic institutions which aim to develop into world-class universities. Drawing on data from in-depth interviews, the paper discusses how a group of lecturers on tenure-track contracts at a research university in China perceived the impacts of this managerial personnel reform. The study revealed intensified academic pressure and consequent feelings of insecurity, uncertainty and anxiety among the participants. Rigid tenure requirements pushed down research quality, and detracted from the efforts the participants could have devoted to teaching. Further negative impacts were strengthened power hierarchies and increasingly gendered nature of the academic culture.

Keyword :

academic pressure Managerialism young lecturers tenure-track reform

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GB/T 7714 Tian, Mei , Lu, Genshu . What price the building of world-class universities? Academic pressure faced by young lecturers at a research-centered University in China [J]. | TEACHING IN HIGHER EDUCATION , 2017 , 22 (8) : 957-974 .
MLA Tian, Mei et al. "What price the building of world-class universities? Academic pressure faced by young lecturers at a research-centered University in China" . | TEACHING IN HIGHER EDUCATION 22 . 8 (2017) : 957-974 .
APA Tian, Mei , Lu, Genshu . What price the building of world-class universities? Academic pressure faced by young lecturers at a research-centered University in China . | TEACHING IN HIGHER EDUCATION , 2017 , 22 (8) , 957-974 .
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Developing L2 Pragmatic Competence in Mandarin Chinese: Sequential Realization of Requests SSCI Scopus
期刊论文 | 2017 , 50 (2) , 433-457 | FOREIGN LANGUAGE ANNALS | IF: 0.802
WoS CC Cited Count: 1
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Abstract :

The present study explored the development of second language (L2) Chinese learners' ability to negotiate requests in interactions. It investigated the effect of proficiency on learners' use of request strategies and internal modifications and on their sequential realization of requests in L2 Chinese. Twenty-four American English learners of L2 Mandarin Chinese at three different proficiency levels completed a three-scenario role-play task. The scenarios were kept low in imposition and social distance but variable in power relations. Each participant interacted with a native speaker interlocutor who assumed different roles in those scenarios. Baseline data were provided by 10 native speakers (NSs) of Chinese. A total of 102 role-plays were coded for request strategies, internal modifications, and supportive moves, as well as the sequential placement of supportive moves in pre-, insert, and postexpansions. Situational variations as reflected in role-play production were considered alongside. The results showed that learners across proficiencies had the same range of pragmatic strategies as in NSs' repertoire, but they showed a general incompetence in employing internal modifications. Learners' ability to delay the requests improved with increasing proficiency, but learner production in general did not show the same level of situational variations as observed in the NS data.

Keyword :

sequence realization request Chinese pragmatic competence

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GB/T 7714 Su, Yunwen , Ren, Wei . Developing L2 Pragmatic Competence in Mandarin Chinese: Sequential Realization of Requests [J]. | FOREIGN LANGUAGE ANNALS , 2017 , 50 (2) : 433-457 .
MLA Su, Yunwen et al. "Developing L2 Pragmatic Competence in Mandarin Chinese: Sequential Realization of Requests" . | FOREIGN LANGUAGE ANNALS 50 . 2 (2017) : 433-457 .
APA Su, Yunwen , Ren, Wei . Developing L2 Pragmatic Competence in Mandarin Chinese: Sequential Realization of Requests . | FOREIGN LANGUAGE ANNALS , 2017 , 50 (2) , 433-457 .
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Dependency distance in language evolution Comment on "Dependency distance: A new perspective on syntactic patterns in natural languages" by Haitao Liu et al. EI SCIE PubMed Scopus
期刊论文 | 2017 , 21 , 194-196 | PHYSICS OF LIFE REVIEWS | IF: 13.783
WoS CC Cited Count: 1
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GB/T 7714 Liu, Bingli , Chen, Xinying . Dependency distance in language evolution Comment on "Dependency distance: A new perspective on syntactic patterns in natural languages" by Haitao Liu et al. [J]. | PHYSICS OF LIFE REVIEWS , 2017 , 21 : 194-196 .
MLA Liu, Bingli et al. "Dependency distance in language evolution Comment on "Dependency distance: A new perspective on syntactic patterns in natural languages" by Haitao Liu et al." . | PHYSICS OF LIFE REVIEWS 21 (2017) : 194-196 .
APA Liu, Bingli , Chen, Xinying . Dependency distance in language evolution Comment on "Dependency distance: A new perspective on syntactic patterns in natural languages" by Haitao Liu et al. . | PHYSICS OF LIFE REVIEWS , 2017 , 21 , 194-196 .
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Movable type printing identification based on Tangut characters registration EI SCIE Scopus
期刊论文 | 2017 , 252 , 87-94 | NEUROCOMPUTING | IF: 3.241
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Scientific identification of the movable type printing provides favorable evidence to research the invention and dissemination of movable printing technique. However, the methods used to identify movable type printing are either unscientific or time-consuming. To solve those problems, a new method based on registration is introduced in this paper. Firstly, the boundary points of each character image are extracted, and the affine iterative closest point (ICP) with bidirectional distance is used to measure the shape similarity between two character point sets. Secondly, a heuristic tree of Tangut characters based on shape similarity is constructed, which connects two point sets with small deformation. In this way, the large deformation between characters is divided into several small differences. After that, the coherent point drift (CPD) algorithm is used to achieve the registration between these character point sets along the heuristic tree. Finally, after comparing the registrations errors between the subject character point sets and model character point set carefully and observing their character images as well as the registration images between them, the judgment of whether these characters are printed with the same movable character model is to be made. Experimental results demonstrate that the identification method of movable printing proposed has the advantages of being automatic, fast and accurate. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Keyword :

Movable type printing Tangut Non-rigid registration Heuristic tree

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GB/T 7714 Sun, Feipeng , Lin, Yuping , Zhang, Zemei et al. Movable type printing identification based on Tangut characters registration [J]. | NEUROCOMPUTING , 2017 , 252 : 87-94 .
MLA Sun, Feipeng et al. "Movable type printing identification based on Tangut characters registration" . | NEUROCOMPUTING 252 (2017) : 87-94 .
APA Sun, Feipeng , Lin, Yuping , Zhang, Zemei , Qu, Di , Li, Xuxiang . Movable type printing identification based on Tangut characters registration . | NEUROCOMPUTING , 2017 , 252 , 87-94 .
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Multilingual corpus construction based on printed and handwritten character separation EI SCIE Scopus
期刊论文 | 2017 , 76 (3) , 4123-4139 | MULTIMEDIA TOOLS AND APPLICATIONS | IF: 1.541
WoS CC Cited Count: 2
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Abstract :

This paper proposes an effective method to extract printed and handwritten characters from multilingual document images to build corpus. To extract the characters from the document images, a connected component analysis method is used to remove the graphics. After that, multiple types of features and AdaBoost algorithm are introduced to classify printed and handwritten characters in a more versatile and robust way. Firstly, the content of the image is divided into several text patches which are then used to distinguish different languages. Secondly, we use the multiple types of features and AdaBoost algorithm to train the classifiers based on the segmented patches. Finally, we can separate printed and handwritten parts of new image set by the trained classifiers. The proposed method improves the precision of the extraction of written materials in text images of different languages. Experimental results demonstrate that the proposed method is more accurate in terms of precision and recall rate compared with the state-of the-art methods.

Keyword :

Machine printed character Multilingual corpus Character extraction Handwritten character AdaBoost

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GB/T 7714 Lin, Yuping , Song, Yonghong , Li, Yingyu et al. Multilingual corpus construction based on printed and handwritten character separation [J]. | MULTIMEDIA TOOLS AND APPLICATIONS , 2017 , 76 (3) : 4123-4139 .
MLA Lin, Yuping et al. "Multilingual corpus construction based on printed and handwritten character separation" . | MULTIMEDIA TOOLS AND APPLICATIONS 76 . 3 (2017) : 4123-4139 .
APA Lin, Yuping , Song, Yonghong , Li, Yingyu , Wang, Fang , He, Kai . Multilingual corpus construction based on printed and handwritten character separation . | MULTIMEDIA TOOLS AND APPLICATIONS , 2017 , 76 (3) , 4123-4139 .
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Fast document image comparison in multilingual corpus without OCR EI SCIE Scopus
期刊论文 | 2017 , 23 (3) , 315-324 | MULTIMEDIA SYSTEMS | IF: 1.703
SCOPUS Cited Count: 1
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Abstract :

This paper proposes a method to compare document images in multilingual corpus, which is composed of character segmentation, feature extraction and similarity measure. In character segmentation, a top-down strategy is used. We apply projection and self-adaptive threshold to analyze the layout and then segment the text line by horizontal projection. Then, English, Chinese and Japanese are recognized by different methods based on the distribution and ratios of text line. Finally, character segmentation with different languages is done using different strategies. In feature extraction and similarity measure, four features are given for coarse measurement, and then a template is set up. Based on the templates, a fast template matching method based on coarse-to-fine strategy and bit memory is presented for precise matching. The experimental results demonstrate that our method can handle multilingual document images of different resolutions and font sizes with high precision and speed.

Keyword :

Feature extraction Multilingual corpus Character segmentation Document image Similarity measure

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GB/T 7714 Lin, Yuping , Li, Yingyu , Song, Yonghong et al. Fast document image comparison in multilingual corpus without OCR [J]. | MULTIMEDIA SYSTEMS , 2017 , 23 (3) : 315-324 .
MLA Lin, Yuping et al. "Fast document image comparison in multilingual corpus without OCR" . | MULTIMEDIA SYSTEMS 23 . 3 (2017) : 315-324 .
APA Lin, Yuping , Li, Yingyu , Song, Yonghong , Wang, Fang . Fast document image comparison in multilingual corpus without OCR . | MULTIMEDIA SYSTEMS , 2017 , 23 (3) , 315-324 .
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