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More or less guanxi: Trust is 60% network context, 10% individual difference SSCI Scopus
期刊论文 | 2018 , 54 , 12-25 | SOCIAL NETWORKS
WoS CC Cited Count: 1 SCOPUS Cited Count: 2
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Abstract :

The strong ties known in China as guanxi can be distinguished by a high level of trust relatively independent of the surrounding social structure. Using network data from a stratified probability sample of 700 entrepreneurs citing 4664 contacts, we study guanxi relative to other relations to learn how much individual differences such as well-being, business differences, political participation and demographic factors matter for the guanxi distinction. Two findings stand out: First, the connection between trust and social network is robust to most differences between individuals, especially business and political differences. Trust variance is 60% network context, and 10% individual differences. Trust increases within a relationship as network closure increases around the relationship, but some relationships mature into guanxi ties within which trust is high and relatively independent of the surrounding social structure. Second, when individual differences matter, they concern social isolation. Guanxi ties are more distinct in the networks around entrepreneurs with small, marginal families, and around those with small, closed networks. Both categories of entrepreneurs are likely to experience difficulties with respect to resource access and doing business with people beyond their network, which may explain why longstanding guanxi ties linked to important events are particularly distinct for these entrepreneurs. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Keyword :

Entrepreneurs Guanxi Trust Network closure Social isolation

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GB/T 7714 Burt, Ronald S. , Bian, Yanjie , Opper, Sonja . More or less guanxi: Trust is 60% network context, 10% individual difference [J]. | SOCIAL NETWORKS , 2018 , 54 : 12-25 .
MLA Burt, Ronald S. 等. "More or less guanxi: Trust is 60% network context, 10% individual difference" . | SOCIAL NETWORKS 54 (2018) : 12-25 .
APA Burt, Ronald S. , Bian, Yanjie , Opper, Sonja . More or less guanxi: Trust is 60% network context, 10% individual difference . | SOCIAL NETWORKS , 2018 , 54 , 12-25 .
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现实交往与网络交往:大学生幸福感之归因 CSSCI-C PKU
期刊论文 | 2018 , (9) , 99-107,44 | 中国青年研究
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Abstract :

<em>大学</em>生幸福感的提升对个人成长、家庭和谐与社会发展都有着重要的意义.本文依据对某985高校本科生的调查数据,基于地位观和网络观分析了家庭地位与人际交往对<em>大学</em>生主观幸福感的影响,并运用多重中介模型对<em>大学</em>生家庭地位、现实交往、网络交往与主观幸福感的关系进行了分析与验证.结果发现:家庭地位和人际交往对<em>大学</em>生幸福感均有显著影响;但家庭地位对幸福感的影响不是直接的,而是通过人际交往的双重途径间接发生作用的,其中现实交往的中介效应要强于网络交往.基于此,本研究认为,虽然社交网络平台已成为当代<em>大学</em>生群体重要的社交途径,但仍要认识到现实交往对心理健康的重要性,增强现实交往将是提升<em>大学</em>生幸福感水平的一种有效途径.

Keyword :

家庭地位 网络交往 人际交往 幸福感 现实交往

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GB/T 7714 朱晓文 , 刘珈彤 . 现实交往与网络交往:大学生幸福感之归因 [J]. | 中国青年研究 , 2018 , (9) : 99-107,44 .
MLA 朱晓文 等. "现实交往与网络交往:大学生幸福感之归因" . | 中国青年研究 9 (2018) : 99-107,44 .
APA 朱晓文 , 刘珈彤 . 现实交往与网络交往:大学生幸福感之归因 . | 中国青年研究 , 2018 , (9) , 99-107,44 .
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月子中心消费叙事:从“代际情感交换”到“经济消费认同”的女性身体建构 CSSCI-C PKU
期刊论文 | 2018 , (7) , 13-18 | 中国青年研究
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Abstract :

本研究以青年产妇在月子中心坐月子的身体消费实践为切入点,深度分析了女性坐月子过程中的身体消费空间变化、母职角色调适和身体印象管理.文章揭示了月子中心作为一种新的身体消费空间形态,使得以家庭代际情感交换为基础的身体伦理关系转变成为以经济消费契约为基础的身体消费体验;月子中心塑造和传递的现代健康话语影响了年轻妈妈对母职身份、母亲角色和自我身体的认同;月子中心通过科学化、体系化和专业化的消费体验对女性身体形塑及管理产生了重要影响,由此也逐渐弱化传统坐月子的身体技术的代际传承.

Keyword :

经济消费认同 月子中心 代际情感交换 身体消费

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GB/T 7714 . 月子中心消费叙事:从“代际情感交换”到“经济消费认同”的女性身体建构 [J]. | 中国青年研究 , 2018 , (7) : 13-18 .
MLA "月子中心消费叙事:从“代际情感交换”到“经济消费认同”的女性身体建构" . | 中国青年研究 7 (2018) : 13-18 .
APA . 月子中心消费叙事:从“代际情感交换”到“经济消费认同”的女性身体建构 . | 中国青年研究 , 2018 , (7) , 13-18 .
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从网络走红到网红经济:生成逻辑与演变过程 CSSCI-E
期刊论文 | 2018 , (5) , 13-27 | 社会学评论
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Abstract :

网络走红现象作为近年来中国网络社会蓬勃发展的一道独特景观,既见证了微观个体命运的戏剧性变化,又体现了一股强大的经济社会力量.基于卡斯特的网络社会理论,采取技术—社会互构论的视角,对网络走红的性质特征、逻辑机制与后果影响进行了历史比较研究,文章发现:网络媒介技术社会扩散过程的跨越性特征和用户主体结构,是塑造影响网络走红的表现形式、群体特征与基本性质的重要因素;人们在网络上社交互动所建构生成的阶段性结构事实决定了网络走红的三类不同逻辑机制:即网络虚拟空间的公共广场效应、网络交往的社群化模式,以及资本市场的商业打造;网络走红的社会后果影响,经历了从文化社会领域到经济领域的过渡演变,并伴随互联网经济的兴起而衍生出网红经济的商业模式.网络走红现象为理解中国网络社会的形成机理与发展变迁提供了鲜活样本.

Keyword :

网红经济 性质特征 后果影响 逻辑机制 网络走红

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GB/T 7714 . 从网络走红到网红经济:生成逻辑与演变过程 [J]. | 社会学评论 , 2018 , (5) : 13-27 .
MLA "从网络走红到网红经济:生成逻辑与演变过程" . | 社会学评论 5 (2018) : 13-27 .
APA . 从网络走红到网红经济:生成逻辑与演变过程 . | 社会学评论 , 2018 , (5) , 13-27 .
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大数据交易中的数据所有权研究 CSSCI-C PKU
期刊论文 | 2018 , (6) , 52-57 | 情报理论与实践
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Abstract :

[目的/意义]文章研究大数据交易中的数据所有权问题.大数据交易的核心问题之一是数据所有权的归属,特别是作为数据源的个体所拥有的隐私权与作为数据控制者的组织所拥有的数据控制权之间存在冲突.我国法律对数据交易权属未做明确规定.[方法/过程]首先回顾国外法律对数据源和数据控制者的法律保护制度,并依据大数据交易的特点和我国大数据交易现状,提出我国大数据交易中急需解决的3个重要的所有权法律问题:技术进步造成权利边界难以确定;侵权责任难以追究;对交易中的所有权问题无系统规定.[结果/结论]提出了相应的解决方案和法律建议.

Keyword :

法律权利 数据所有权 大数据交易

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GB/T 7714 杨张博 , 王新雷 . 大数据交易中的数据所有权研究 [J]. | 情报理论与实践 , 2018 , (6) : 52-57 .
MLA 杨张博 等. "大数据交易中的数据所有权研究" . | 情报理论与实践 6 (2018) : 52-57 .
APA 杨张博 , 王新雷 . 大数据交易中的数据所有权研究 . | 情报理论与实践 , 2018 , (6) , 52-57 .
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Global, regional, and national comparative risk assessment of 84 behavioural, environmental and occupational, and metabolic risks or clusters of risks for 195 countries and territories, 1990-2017: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017 SCIE
期刊论文 | 2018 , 392 (10159) , 1923-1994 | LANCET
Stanaway, Jeffrey D. | Afshin, Ashkan | Gakidou, Emmanuela | Lim, Stephen S. | Abate, Degu | Abate, Kalkidan Hassell | Abbafati, Cristiana | Abbasi, Nooshin | Abbastabar, Hedayat | Abd-Allah, Foad | Abdela, Jemal | Abdelalim, Ahmed | Abdollahpour, Ibrahim | Abdulkader, Rizwan Suliankatchi | Abebe, Molla | Abebe, Zegeye | Abera, Semaw F. | Abil, Olifan Zewdie | Abraha, Haftom Niguse | Abrham, Aklilu Roba | Abu-Raddad, Laith Jamal | Abu-Rmeileh, Niveen M. E. | Accrombessi, Manfred Mario Kokou | Acharya, Dilaram | Acharya, Pawan | Adamu, Abdu A. | Adane, Akikw Awoke | Adebayo, Oladimeji M. | Adedoyin, Rufus Adesoji | Adekanmbi, Victor | Ademi, Zanfina | Adetokunboh, Olatunji | Adib, Mina G. | Admasie, Amha | Adsuar, Jose C. | Afanvi, Kossivi Agbelenko | Afarideh, Mohsen | Agarwal, Gina | Aggarwal, Anju | Aghayan, Sargis Aghast | Agrawal, Anurag | Agrawal, Sutapa | Ahmadi, Alireza | Ahmadi, Mehdi | Ahmadieh, Hamid | Ahmed, Muktar Beshir | Aichour, Amani Nidhal | Aichour, Ibtihel | Aichour, Miloud Taki Eddine | Akbari, Mohammad Esmaeil | Akinyemiju, Tomi | Akseer, Nadia | Al-Aly, Ziyad | Al-Eyadhy, Ayman | Al-Mekhlafi, Hesham M. | Alandab, Fares | Alam, Khurshid | Alam, Samiah | Alam, Tahiya | Alashi, Alaa | Alavian, Seyed Moayed | Alene, Kefyalew Addis | Ali, Komal | Ali, Syed Mustafa | Alijanzadeh, Mehran | Alizadeh-Navaei, Reza | Aljunid, Syed Mohamed | Alkerwi, Ala'a | Alla, Francois | Alsharif, Ubai | Altirkawi, Khalid | Alvis-Guzman, Nelson | Amare, Azmeraw T. | Ammar, Walid | Anber, Nahla Hamed | Anderson, Jason A. | Andrei, Catalina Liliana | Androudi, Sofia | Animut, Megbaru Debalkie | Anjomshoa, Mina | Ansha, Mustafa Geleto | Anto, Josep M. | Antonio, Carl Abelardo T. | Anwari, Palwasha | Appiah, Lambert Tetteh | Appiah, Seth Christopher Yaw | Arabloo, Jalal | Aremu, Olatunde | Amlov, Johan | Artaman, Al | Aryal, Krishna K. | Asayesh, Hamid | Ataro, Zerihun | Ausloos, Marcel | Avokpaho, Euripide F. 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A. | Awasthi, Ashish | Quintanilla, Beatriz Paulina Ayala | Ayer, Rakesh | Ayuk, Tanabe B. | Azzopardi, Peter S. | Babazadeff, Arefeh | Badali, Hamid | Badawi, Alaa | Balakrishnan, Kalpana | Bali, Ayele Geleto | Ball, Kylie | Bellew, Shoshana H. | Banach, Maciej | Banoub, Joseph Adel Mattar | Barac, Aleksandra | Barker-Collo, Suzanne Lyn | Bamighausen, Till Winfried | Barrero, Lope H. | Basu, Sanjay | Baune, Bernhard T. | Bazargan-Hejazi, Shahrzad | Bedi, Neeraj | Beghi, Ettore | Behzadifar, Masoud | Behzadifar, Meysam | Bejoy, Yannick | Bekele, Bayu Begashaw | Bekru, Fyasu Tamru | Belay, Ezra | Belay, Yilhalem Abebe | Bell, Michelle L. | Bello, Aminu K. | Bennett, Derrick A. | Bensenor, Isabela M. | Bergeron, Gilles | Berhane, Adugnaw | Bemabe, Eduardo | Bemstein, Robert S. | Beuran, Mircea | Beyranvand, Tina | Bhala, Neeraj | Bhalla, Ashish | Bhattarai, Suraj | Bhutta, Zulfiqar A. | Biadgo, Belete | Bijani, Ali | Bikbov, Boris | Bilano, Ver | Bililign, Nigus | Bin Sayeed, Muhamad Shandaat | Bisanzio, Donal | Biswas, Tuhin | Bjorge, Tone | Blacker, Brigette F. | Bleyer, Archie | Borschmann, Rohan | Bou-Orm, Ibrahim R. | Boufous, Soufiane | Bourne, Rupert | Brady, Oliver J. | Brauer, Michael | Brazinova, Alexandra | Breitborde, Nicholas J. K. | Brenner, Hermann | Briko, Andrey Nikolaevich | Britton, Gabrielle | Brugha, Traolach | Buchbindet, Rachelle | Burnett, Richard T. | Busse, Reinhard | Butt, Zahid A. | Cahill, Leah E. | Cahuana-Hurtado, Lucero | Campos-Nonato, Ismael R. | Cardenas, Rosario | Carreras, Giulia | Carrero, Juan J. | Carvalho, Felix | Castaneda-Orjuela, Carlos A. | Rivas, Jacqueline Castillo | Castro, Franz | Catala-Lopez, Ferran | Causey, Kate | Cercy, Kelly M. | Cerin, Ester | Chaiah, Yazan | Chang, Hying-Ti | Chang, Jung-Chen | Chang, Kai-Lan | Charlson, Fiona J. | Chattopadhyay, Aparajita | Chattu, Vijay Kumar | Chee, Miao Li | Cheng, Ching-Yu | Chew, Adrienne | Chiang, Peggy Pei-Chia | Chimed-Ochir, Odgerel | Chin, Ken Lee | Chitheer, Abdulaal | Choi, Jee-Young J. | Chowdhury, Rajiv | Christensen, Hanne | Christopher, Devasahayam J. | Chung, Sheng-Chia | Cicuttini, Flavia M. | Grillo, Massimo | Cohen, Aaron J. | Collado-Mateo, Daniel | Cooper, Cyrus | Cooper, Owen R. | Coresh, Josef | Cornaby, Leslie | Cortesi, Paolo Angelo | Cortinovis, Monica | Costa, Megan | Cousin, Ewerton | Criqui, Michael H. | Cromwell, Elizabeth A. | Cundiff, David K. | Daba, Alenmeh Kabeta | Dachew, Berihun Assefa | Dadi, Abel Fekadu | Damasceno, Alberti Antonio Moura | Dandona, Lalit | Dandona, Rakhi | Darby, Sarah C. | Dargan, Paul I. | Daryani, Ahmed | Das Gupta, Rajat | Das Neves, Jose | Dasa, Tamirat Tesfaye | Dash, Aditya Prasad | Davitoiu, Dragos Virgil | Davletov, Kairat | De la Cruz-Gongora, Vanessa | De la Hoz, Fernando Pio | De Leo, Diego | De Neve, Jan-Walter | Degenhardt, Louisa | Deiparine, Selina | Dellavalle, Robert P. | Demoz, Gebre Teklemariam | Denova-Gutierrez, Edgar | Deribe, Kebede | Dervenis, Nikolaos | Deshpande, Aniruddha | Jarlais, Don C. Des | Dessie, Getenet Ayalew | Deveber, Gabrielle Aline | Dey, Subhojit | Dharmaratne, Samath Dhamminda | Dhimal, Meghnath | Dinberu, Mesfin Tadese | Ding, Eric L. | Diro, Helen Derara | Djalalinia, Shirin | Huyen Phoc Do | Dokova, Klara | Doku, David Teye | La Doyle, Kerrie | Driscoll, Tim R. | Dubey, Manisha | Dubljanin, Eleonora | Duken, Eyasu Ejeta | Duncan, Bruce B. | Duraes, Andre R. | Ebert, Natalie | Ebrahimi, Hedyeh | Ebrahimpour, Soheil | Edvardsson, David | Elfiong, Andem | Eggen, Anne Elise | El Bcheraoui, Charbel | El-Khatib, Iad | Elyazar, Iqbal Rf | Enayati, Ahmadali | Endries, Aman Yesuf | Er, Benjamin | Erskine, Holly E. | Eskandarieh, Sharareh | Esteghamati, Alireza | Estep, Kara | Fakhim, Hamed | Faramarzi, Mahbobeh | Fareed, Mohammad | Farid, Talha A. | Farinha, Carla Sofia E. Sa | Farioli, Andrea | Faro, Andre | Farvid, Maryam S. | Farzaei, Mohammad Hosein | Fatima, Batool | Fay, Kairsten A. | Fazaeli, Ali Akbar | Feigin, Valery L. | Feigl, Andrea B. | Fereshtehnejad, Seyed-Mohammad | Fernandes, Eduarda | Fernandes, Joao C. | Ferrara, Giannina | Ferrari, Alize J. | Ferreira, Manuela L. | Filip, Irina | Finger, Jonas David | Fischer, Florian | Foigt, Nataliya A. | Foreman, Kyle J. | Fukumoto, Takeshi | Fullman, Nancy | Furst, Thomas | Furtado, Joao M. | Futran, Neal D. | Gall, Seana | Gallus, Silvan | Gamkrelidze, Amiran | Ganji, Morsaleh | Garcia-Basteiro, Alberto L. | Gardner, William Ni | Gebre, Abadi Kahsu | Gebremedhin, Amanuel Tesfay | Gebremichael, Teklu Gebrehiwo | Gelano, Tilayie Feto | Geleijnse, Johanna M. | Geramo, Yilma Chisha Dea | Gething, Peter W. | Geese, Kebede Embaye | Ghadimi, Reza | Ghadiri, Keyghobad | Falavarjani, Khalil Ghasemi | Ghasemi-Kasman, Maryam | Ghimire, Mamata | Ghosh, Rakesh | Ghoshal, Aloke Gopal | Giampaoli, Simona | Gill, Paramjit Singh | Gill, Tiffany K. | Gillum, Richard F. | Ginawi, Ibrahim Abdelmageed | Giussani, Giorgia | Gnedovskaya, Elena V. | Godwin, William W. | Goli, Srinivas | Gomez-Dantes, Hector | Gona, Philimon N. | Gopalani, Sameer Vali | Goulart, Alessandra C. | Grada, Ayman | Grams, Morgan E. | Grosso, Giuseppe | Gugnani, Hanish Chander | Guo, Yuming | Gupta, Rahul | Gupta, Rajeev | Gupta, Tanush | Gutierrez, Reyna Alma | Gutierrez-Torres, Daniela S. | Haagsma, Juanita A. | Habtewold, Tesfa Dejenie | Hachinski, Vladimir | Hafezi-Nejad, Nima | Hagos, Tekleberhan B. | Hailegiyorgis, Tewodros Tesfa | Hailu, Gessessew Bugssa | Haj-Mirzaian, Arvin | Haj-Mirzaian, Arya | Hamadeh, Randah R. | Hamidi, Samer | Handal, Alexis J. | Hankey, Graeme J. | Liao, Yuantao | Harb, Hilda L. | Harikrishnan, Sivadasanpillai | Haro, Josep Maria | Hassankhani, Hadi | Hassen, Hamid Yimam | Havmoeller, Rasmus | Hawley, Caitlin N. | Hay, Simon I. | Hedayatizadeh-Omran, Akbar | Heibati, Behzad | Heidari, Behnam | Heidari, Mohsen | Hendrie, Delia | Henok, Andualem | Heredia-Pi, Ileana | Herteliu, Claudiu | Heydarpour, Fatemeh | Heydarpour, Sousan | Hibstu, Desalegn T. | Higazi, Tarig B. | Hilawe, Esayas Haregot | Hoek, Hans W. | Hoffiman, Howard J. | Hole, Michael K. | Rad, Enayatollah Homaie | Hoogar, Praveen | Hosgood, H. Dean | Hosseini, Seyed Mostafa | Hosseinzadeh, Mehdi | Hostiuc, Mihaela | Hostiuc, Sorin | Hoy, Damian G. | Hsairi, Mohamed | Hsiao, Thomas | Hu, Guoqing | Ha, Howard | Huang, John J. | Hussen, Mamusha Aman | Huynh, Chantal K. | Iburg, Kim Moesgaard | Ikeda, Nayu | Ilesanmi, Olayinka Stephen | Iqbal, Usman | Irvani, Seyed Sina Naghibi | Irvine, Caleb Mackay Salpeter | Islam, Sheikh Mohammed Shariful | Islami, Farhad | Jackson, Maria D. | Jacobsen, Kathryn H. | Jahangiry, Leila | Jahanmehr, Nader | Jain, Sudhir Kumar | Jakovljevic, Mihajlo | James, Spencer L. | Jassal, Simerjot K. | Jayatilleke, Achala Upendra | Jeemon, Panniyammakal | Jha, Ravi Prakash | Jha, Vivekanand | Ji, John S. | Jonas, Jost B. | Jonnagaddala, Jitendra | Shushtari, Zahra Jorjoran | Joshi, Ankur | Jozwiak, Jacek Jerzy | Jurisson, Mikk | Kabir, Zubair | Kahsay, Amaha | Kalani, Rizwan | Kanchan, Tanuj | Kant, Surya | Kar, Chittaranjan | Karami, Manoochehr | Matin, Behzad Karami | Karch, Andre | Karema, Corine | Karimi, Narges | Karimi, Seyed M. | Kasaeian, Amir | Kassa, Dessalegn H. | Kassa, Getachew Mullu | Kassa, Tesfaye Dessale | Kassebaum, Nicholas J. | Katikireddi, Srinivasa Vittal | Kaul, Anil | Kawakami, Norito | Kazemi, Zhila | Karyani, Ali Kazemi | Kefale, Adane Teshome | Keiyoro, Peter Njenga | Kemp, Grant Rodgers | Kengne, Andre Pascal | Keren, Andre | Kesavachandran, Chandrasekharan Nair | Khader, Yousef Saleh | Khafaei, Behzad | Khafaie, Morteza Abdullatif | Khajavi, Alireza | Khalid, Nauman | Khalil, Ibrahim A. | Khan, Gulfaraz | Khan, Muhammad Shahzeb | Khan, Muhammad Ali | Khang, Young-Ho | Khater, Mona M. | Khazaei, Mohammad | Khazaie, Habibolah | Khoja, Abdullah T. | Khosravi, Ardeshir | Khosravi, Mohammad Hossein | Kiadaliri, Aliasghar A. | Kiirithio, Daniel N. | Kim, Cho-Il | Kim, Daniel | Kim, Young-Eun | Kim, Yun Jin | Kimokoti, Ruth W. | Kinfh, Yohannes | Kisa, Adnan | Kissimova-Skarbek, Katarzyna | Kivimaki, Mika | Knibbs, Luke D. | Knudsen, Ann Kristin Skrindo | Kochhar, Sonali | Kokubo, Yoshihiro | Kolola, Tufa | Kopec, Jacek A. | Kosen, Soewarta | Koul, Parvaiz A. | Koyanagi, Ai | Kravchenko, Michael A. | Krishan, Kewal | Krohn, Kristopher J. | Kromhout, Hans | Defo, Barthelemy Kuate | Bicer, Burcu Kucuk | Kumar, G. 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Srinath | Rehm, Colin D. | Rehm, Jurgen | Reiner, Robert C. | Reitsma, Marissa B. | Remuzzi, Giuseppe | Renzaho, Andre M. N. | Resnikoff, Serge | Reynales-Shigematsu, Luz Myriam | Rezaei, Satar | Ribeiro, Antonio Luiz P. | Rivera, Juan A. | Roba, Kedir Teji | Rodrigues-Ramirez, Sonia | Roever, Leonardo | Roman, Yesenia | Ronfani, Luca | Roshandel, Gholamreza | Rostami, Ali | Roth, Gregory A. | Rothenbacher, Dietrich | Roy, Ambuj | Rubagotti, Enrico | Rushton, Lesley | Sabanayagam, Charumathi | Sachdev, Perminder S. | Saddik, Basema | Sadeghi, Ehsan | Moghaddam, Sahar Saeedi | Safari, Hosein | Safari, Yahya | Safari-Faramani, Roya | Safdarian, Mandi | Safi, Sare | Safiri, Saeid | Sagar, Rajesh | Sahebkar, Amirhossein | Sahraian, Mohammad Ali | Sajadi, Haniye Sadat | Salam, Nasir | Salamati, Payman | Saleem, Zikria | Salimi, Yahya | Salimeadeh, Hamideh | Salomon, Joshua A. | Salvi, Devashri Digvijay | Satz, Inbal | Samy, Abdullah M. | Sanabria, Juan | Sanchez-Nino, Maria Dolores | Sanchez-Pimienta, Tania G. | Sanders, Taren | Sang, Yingying | Santomauro, Damian Francesco | Santos, Itamar S. | Santos, Joao Vasco | Milicevic, Milena M. 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WoS CC Cited Count: 1
Abstract&Keyword Cite

Abstract :

Background The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study (GBD) 2017 comparative risk assessment (CRA) is a comprehensive approach to risk factor quantification that offers a useful tool for synthesising evidence on risks and risk outcome associations. With each annual GBD study, we update the GBD CRA to incorporate improved methods, new risks and risk outcome pairs, and new data on risk exposure levels and risk outcome associations. Methods We used the CRA framework developed for previous iterations of GBD to estimate levels and trends in exposure, attributable deaths, and attributable disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs), by age group, sex, year, and location for 84 behavioural, environmental and occupational, and metabolic risks or groups of risks from 1990 to 2017. This study included 476 risk outcome pairs that met the GBD study criteria for convincing or probable evidence of causation. We extracted relative risk and exposure estimates from 46 749 randomised controlled trials, cohort studies, household surveys, census data, satellite data, and other sources. We used statistical models to pool data, adjust for bias, and incorporate covariates. Using the counterfactual scenario of theoretical minimum risk exposure level (TMREL), we estimated the portion of deaths and DALYs that could be attributed to a given risk. We explored the relationship between development and risk exposure by modelling the relationship between the Socio-demographic Index (SDI) and risk-weighted exposure prevalence and estimated expected levels of exposure and risk-attributable burden by SDI. Finally, we explored temporal changes in risk-attributable DALYs by decomposing those changes into six main component drivers of change as follows: (1) population growth; (2) changes in population age structures; (3) changes in exposure to environmental and occupational risks; (4) changes in exposure to behavioural risks; (5) changes in exposure to metabolic risks; and (6) changes due to all other factors, approximated as the risk-deleted death and DALY rates, where the risk-deleted rate is the rate that would be observed had we reduced the exposure levels to the TMREL for all risk factors included in GBD 2017. Findings In 2017,34.1 million (95% uncertainty interval [UI] 33.3-35.0) deaths and 121 billion (144-1.28) DALYs were attributable to GBD risk factors. Globally, 61.0% (59.6-62.4) of deaths and 48.3% (46.3-50.2) of DALYs were attributed to the GBD 2017 risk factors. When ranked by risk-attributable DALYs, high systolic blood pressure (SBP) was the leading risk factor, accounting for 10.4 million (9.39-11.5) deaths and 218 million (198-237) DALYs, followed by smoking (7.10 million [6.83-7.37] deaths and 182 million [173-193] DALYs), high fasting plasma glucose (6.53 million [5.23-8.23] deaths and 171 million [144-201] DALYs), high body-mass index (BMI; 4.72 million [2.99-6.70] deaths and 148 million [98.6-202] DALYs), and short gestation for birthweight (1.43 million [1.36-1.51] deaths and 139 million [131-147] DALYs). In total, risk-attributable DALYs declined by 4.9% (3.3-6.5) between 2007 and 2017. In the absence of demographic changes (ie, population growth and ageing), changes in risk exposure and risk-deleted DALYs would have led to a 23.5% decline in DALYs during that period. Conversely, in the absence of changes in risk exposure and risk-deleted DALYs, demographic changes would have led to an 18.6% increase in DALYs during that period. The ratios of observed risk exposure levels to exposure levels expected based on SDI (O/E ratios) increased globally for unsafe drinking water and household air pollution between 1990 and 2017. This result suggests that development is occurring more rapidly than are changes in the underlying risk structure in a population. Conversely, nearly universal declines in O/E ratios for smoking and alcohol use indicate that, for a given SDI, exposure to these risks is declining. In 2017, the leading Level 4 risk factor for age-standardised DALY rates was high SBP in four super-regions: central Europe, eastern Europe, and central Asia; north Africa and Middle East; south Asia; and southeast Asia, east Asia, and Oceania. The leading risk factor in the high-income super-region was smoking, in Latin America and Caribbean was high BMI, and in sub-Saharan Africa was unsafe sex. O/E ratios for unsafe sex in sub-Saharan Africa were notably high, and those for alcohol use in north Africa and the Middle East were notably low. Interpretation By quantifying levels and trends in exposures to risk factors and the resulting disease burden, this assessment offers insight into where past policy and programme efforts might have been successful and highlights current priorities for public health action. Decreases in behavioural, environmental, and occupational risks have largely offset the effects of population growth and ageing, in relation to trends in absolute burden. Conversely, the combination of increasing metabolic risks and population ageing will probably continue to drive the increasing trends in non-communicable diseases at the global level, which presents both a public health challenge and opportunity. We see considerable spatiotemporal heterogeneity in levels of risk exposure and risk-attributable burden. Although levels of development underlie some of this heterogeneity, O/E ratios show risks for which countries are overperforming or underperforming relative to their level of development. As such, these ratios provide a benchmarking tool to help to focus local decision making. Our findings reinforce the importance of both risk exposure monitoring and epidemiological research to assess causal connections between risks and health outcomes, and they highlight the usefulness of the GBD study in synthesising data to draw comprehensive and robust conclusions that help to inform good policy and strategic health planning. Copyright (C) 2018 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd.

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GB/T 7714 Stanaway, Jeffrey D. , Afshin, Ashkan , Gakidou, Emmanuela et al. Global, regional, and national comparative risk assessment of 84 behavioural, environmental and occupational, and metabolic risks or clusters of risks for 195 countries and territories, 1990-2017: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017 [J]. | LANCET , 2018 , 392 (10159) : 1923-1994 .
MLA Stanaway, Jeffrey D. et al. "Global, regional, and national comparative risk assessment of 84 behavioural, environmental and occupational, and metabolic risks or clusters of risks for 195 countries and territories, 1990-2017: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017" . | LANCET 392 . 10159 (2018) : 1923-1994 .
APA Stanaway, Jeffrey D. , Afshin, Ashkan , Gakidou, Emmanuela , Lim, Stephen S. , Abate, Degu , Abate, Kalkidan Hassell et al. Global, regional, and national comparative risk assessment of 84 behavioural, environmental and occupational, and metabolic risks or clusters of risks for 195 countries and territories, 1990-2017: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017 . | LANCET , 2018 , 392 (10159) , 1923-1994 .
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Effects of Group Counseling Programs, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, and Sports Intervention on Internet Addiction in East Asia: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis SSCI SCIE PubMed Scopus
期刊论文 | 2017 , 14 (12) | INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH | IF: 2.145
WoS CC Cited Count: 3 SCOPUS Cited Count: 4
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Abstract :

To evaluate the effects of group counseling programs, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), and sports intervention on Internet addiction (IA), a systematic search in ten databases was performed to identify eligible studies without language restrictions up to January 2017. A meta-analysis and trial sequential analysis (TSA) was performed, respectively. A total of 58 randomized controlled trials (RCTs), which included 2871 participants, were incorporated into our meta-analysis. The results showed that group counseling programs, CBT, and sports intervention could significantly reduce IA levels (group counseling program: standardized mean difference (SMD), -1.37; 95% confidence interval (CI), -1.89 to -0.85; CBT: SMD, -1.88; 95% CI, -2.53 to -1.23; sports intervention: SMD, -1.70; 95% CI, -2.14 to -1.26). For group counseling programs, this treatment was more effective in four dimensions of IA, including time management, interpersonal and health issues, tolerance, and compulsive Internet use. For CBT, this treatment yielded a positive change in depression, anxiousness, aggressiveness, somatization, social insecurity, phobic anxiety, paranoid ideation, and psychoticism. For sports intervention, the significant effects were also observed in all dimensions of the IA scale. Each of group counseling programs, cognitive behavioral therapy, and sports intervention had a significant effect on IA and psychopathological symptoms. Sports intervention could improve withdrawal symptoms especially.

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Internet addiction group counseling programs sports intervention cognitive behavioral therapy meta-analysis

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GB/T 7714 Liu, Jun , Nie, Jing , Wang, Yafeng . Effects of Group Counseling Programs, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, and Sports Intervention on Internet Addiction in East Asia: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis [J]. | INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH , 2017 , 14 (12) .
MLA Liu, Jun et al. "Effects of Group Counseling Programs, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, and Sports Intervention on Internet Addiction in East Asia: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis" . | INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH 14 . 12 (2017) .
APA Liu, Jun , Nie, Jing , Wang, Yafeng . Effects of Group Counseling Programs, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, and Sports Intervention on Internet Addiction in East Asia: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis . | INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH , 2017 , 14 (12) .
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Re-evaluation of the New Ecological Paradigm scale using item response theory SSCI Scopus
期刊论文 | 2017 , 54 , 79-90 | JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY | IF: 3.553
SCOPUS Cited Count: 2
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This study employed the item response theory (IRT) technique to reevaluate the psychometric properties of the New Ecological Paradigm (NEP) scale using a national-level survey dataset from China. This IRT analysis revealed some previously unreported but important issues with this widely-used environmental attitude measure. It was found that the NEP scale has differential measurement precision across the environmental attitude continuum; a method factor may exist; the negatively worded items have less measurement precision than the positively worded items; some items are redundant with regard to item information and a short version consisting of only positive items perform as well as the current version; and the middle response category provides little value. We also found that the dichotomization of the Likert-type response options may offer a promising way to prevent these issues, which could be a useful guideline for the future application of the current NEP scale. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Keyword :

Environmental attitude New Ecological Paradigm (NEP) scale Item response theory (IRT) Psychometrics Classical test theory (CTT)

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GB/T 7714 Zhu, Xiaowen , Lu, Chuntian . Re-evaluation of the New Ecological Paradigm scale using item response theory [J]. | JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY , 2017 , 54 : 79-90 .
MLA Zhu, Xiaowen et al. "Re-evaluation of the New Ecological Paradigm scale using item response theory" . | JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY 54 (2017) : 79-90 .
APA Zhu, Xiaowen , Lu, Chuntian . Re-evaluation of the New Ecological Paradigm scale using item response theory . | JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY , 2017 , 54 , 79-90 .
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政府的职责定位与农民工组织化中社会资本的整合——基于南昌市“散工劳务超市工会”的调查
期刊论文 | 2017 , (2) | 中国劳动关系学院学报
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Abstract :

近年来,社区农民工工会成为各个地方创新农民工社会管理的典型代表,并以此作为政府社会管理创新的亮点。本文对这种环境下组建的散工劳务超市工会展开调查,分析该类工会社会资本的生成和运行困境,反思政府在完善农民工劳动关系中的定位,认为政府在改善农民工劳动关系中存在定位不准的问题。

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组织社会资本 农民工组织 社会管理 农民工工会 政府

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GB/T 7714 . 政府的职责定位与农民工组织化中社会资本的整合——基于南昌市“散工劳务超市工会”的调查 [J]. | 中国劳动关系学院学报 , 2017 , (2) .
MLA "政府的职责定位与农民工组织化中社会资本的整合——基于南昌市“散工劳务超市工会”的调查" . | 中国劳动关系学院学报 2 (2017) .
APA . 政府的职责定位与农民工组织化中社会资本的整合——基于南昌市“散工劳务超市工会”的调查 . | 中国劳动关系学院学报 , 2017 , (2) .
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东西部地区80后青年休闲锻炼与精神健康——基于CSCC2010与FYRST2013的比较分析 CSSCI-C PKU
期刊论文 | 2017 , (12) , 4-11,32 | 中国青年研究
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本文基于CSSC2010与FYRST2013调查数据,主要考察东西部“80后”青年休闲锻炼与精神健康之间的内在联系.数据表明,西部青年休闲锻炼状况明显优于东部,东西部80后青年的精神健康在抑郁焦虑与积极愉悦因子上均存在显著差异.多元线性回归进一步证明:休闲锻炼对东西部80后青年的精神健康具有显著的正向影响.此外,基于婚姻的情感慰藉和良好的身体状况也是显著影响80后青年精神健康的重要变量.因此,引导青年群体适时地建立情感生活,鼓励他们进行积极的休闲锻炼,是提升80后青年精神健康水平的有效途径.

Keyword :

精神健康 休闲锻炼 80后

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GB/T 7714 杨建科 , 王琦 . 东西部地区80后青年休闲锻炼与精神健康——基于CSCC2010与FYRST2013的比较分析 [J]. | 中国青年研究 , 2017 , (12) : 4-11,32 .
MLA 杨建科 et al. "东西部地区80后青年休闲锻炼与精神健康——基于CSCC2010与FYRST2013的比较分析" . | 中国青年研究 12 (2017) : 4-11,32 .
APA 杨建科 , 王琦 . 东西部地区80后青年休闲锻炼与精神健康——基于CSCC2010与FYRST2013的比较分析 . | 中国青年研究 , 2017 , (12) , 4-11,32 .
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