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Karstic system of Sprimont (Belgium). Holotype of a speleogenesis by ghost-rock karstification SCIE Scopus
期刊论文 | 2018 , 189 (1) | BSGF-EARTH SCIENCES BULLETIN
WoS CC Cited Count: 1
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Karstic system of Sprimont shows varied karstic phenomena in a very well defined geological context: a syncline of Carboniferous carbonates enclosed at the north, east and south by impermeable Famennian formations. The axis of the syncline has evolved like a small valley. At the west, Ourthe River cut perpendicularly this syncline in a typical Appalachian relief and constitutes the karstic basis level. Little rivers flow from the Famennian formations to the valley of Sprimont which follows the axis of the syncline. They disappear in swallow holes named "chantoirs" in the local language as soon as they arrive in contact with the carbonates. Tracing tests prove that these rivers merge underground to resurge at the "Trou Bleu", which constitutes the resurgence of the system, near the Ourthe River. Many caves have been discovered, often of modest dimensions except the recent discovery of the cave "Noll Bleu". On the other hand, quarries have opened karstic ghost-rock phenomena. Ghost-rock karstogenesis consists in an in situ weathering of the limestone with a phase separation. The soluble part, essentially calcium, magnesium, bicarbonate and colloidal silica, goes out of the system. The residual alterite is constituted by sparitic calcite, dolomite pro parte and insoluble part like quartz, clay and organic matter. This material, the "ghost-rock", is very porous and mechanically fragile. In a first stage, this evolution takes place with the same initial volume. This first stage of karstification happens during a geological period where there is no hydrodynamical potential. The underground waters flow in the phreatic zone very slowly. They don't erode the residual alterite and only the soluble elements go out of the system. This ghost-rock can be studied in the walls of the Coreux quarry. During a second phase, if a new hydrodynamics potential appears due to a surrection with incision of the rivers, the underground waters can erode mechanically the residual alterite by subterranean rivers circulation. A "speleological" cave is created with a "normal" karstic evolution. In Sprimont, the Coreux quarry have also opened cavities outcome from initial ghost-rock whose a part of the residual alterite has been eroded to form a cave. In particular, the "Nico" cave was cut by the quarry in which a geological section shows the residual alterite capped above a discordance by river deposits and speleothems. Thus, this erosion is due to underground river circulation. The target of this presentation is to establish the lithostratigraphy of this geological section and make the granulometry with morphology and mineralogy of the grains. The lithostratigraphy analysis shows that the "Nico" cave is the result of the coalescence between two superposed caves.The wall between these two caves has been weathered in ghost-rock. A great part of the residual alterite has been eroded by an underground river which has brought river sediments. The granulometry and mineralogy prove this origin. We find removed grains of alterite like crinoids.The grains are constituted by calcite, dolomite and a little part of insoluble minerals like clays. The sedimentary series are capped by a flowstone which has been dated: 53.851 +/-( )2.493 and 61.542 +/- 1.235 yr B.P. This situates the erosion of the alterite and the hollowing of the cave from a recent period. Those phenomena bring very important informations about the genesis and evolution of the karst in Upper Belgium. The recent evolution of the karst of Sprimont is characterized by two types of phenomena from the ghostrocks. First, partial regressive erosion erodes mechanically the residual alterite from the basic level. At downstream, we have a great cave near the resurgence: the cave of "Nou Bleu". In this case, the process of alterite erosion is the best succeeded. Second, at upstream of the system, the compaction of the alterite in the vadose zone generates some voids which can favor the birth of swallow holes. Those lost of rivers participate also to the erosion of the alterite. Our present observations in the "Nico" cave result from this phenomenon. After the first phase of karstification with the formation of a ghost-rock, the apparition of a potential, due to the surrection of the Ardenne massif with the incision of rivers, permits to the underground waters to erode mechanically the residual alterite. Thus, we have here a holotype of the speleogenesis in the frame of an Appalachian relief. The cave "Nico" and the associated phenomena permit to extract a model of evolution of the karsts of Upper Belgium. This example shows too that we can make the difference between the term of karstogenesis which consists in the ghost-rock karstification and the speleogenesis which is the opening of caves by erosion of the residual alterite.

Keyword :

karstic system karstogenesis underground sediments ghost-rock swallow-holes-resurgence speleogenesis

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GB/T 7714 Dupont, Nicolas , Quinif, Yves , Dubois, Caroline et al. Karstic system of Sprimont (Belgium). Holotype of a speleogenesis by ghost-rock karstification [J]. | BSGF-EARTH SCIENCES BULLETIN , 2018 , 189 (1) .
MLA Dupont, Nicolas et al. "Karstic system of Sprimont (Belgium). Holotype of a speleogenesis by ghost-rock karstification" . | BSGF-EARTH SCIENCES BULLETIN 189 . 1 (2018) .
APA Dupont, Nicolas , Quinif, Yves , Dubois, Caroline , Cheng, Hai , Kaufmann, Olivier . Karstic system of Sprimont (Belgium). Holotype of a speleogenesis by ghost-rock karstification . | BSGF-EARTH SCIENCES BULLETIN , 2018 , 189 (1) .
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Synthesis of gold nanostars with fractal structure: application in surface-enhanced Raman scattering EI SCIE
期刊论文 | 2017 , 90 (11) | EUROPEAN PHYSICAL JOURNAL B | IF: 1.536
WoS CC Cited Count: 1
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Multi-branched gold nanostars with fractal feature were synthesized using the Triton X-100 participant seed-growth method. By increasing the amount of ascorbic acid, the branch length of gold nanostars could be greatly increased. It has been interesting to find that the secondary growth of new branches takes place from the elementary structure when the aspect ratio of the branches is greater than 8.0 and the corresponding plasmon absorption wavelength is greater than 900nm. Raman activity of the gold nanostar films has been investigated by using the 4-mercaptobenzoic acid (4-MBA) as Raman active probe. Experimental results show that the surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) ability of the gold nanostars could be efficiently improved when the fractal structure appears. The physical mechanism has been attributed to the intense increased secondary branch number and the increased "hot spots". These unique multi-branched gold nanostars with fractal feature and great SERS activity should have great potential in sensing applications.

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GB/T 7714 Zhu, Jian , Liu, Mei-Jin , Li, Jian-Jun et al. Synthesis of gold nanostars with fractal structure: application in surface-enhanced Raman scattering [J]. | EUROPEAN PHYSICAL JOURNAL B , 2017 , 90 (11) .
MLA Zhu, Jian et al. "Synthesis of gold nanostars with fractal structure: application in surface-enhanced Raman scattering" . | EUROPEAN PHYSICAL JOURNAL B 90 . 11 (2017) .
APA Zhu, Jian , Liu, Mei-Jin , Li, Jian-Jun , Zhao, Jun-Wu . Synthesis of gold nanostars with fractal structure: application in surface-enhanced Raman scattering . | EUROPEAN PHYSICAL JOURNAL B , 2017 , 90 (11) .
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Association between current smoking and cognitive impairment depends on age: A cross-sectional study in Xi'an, China SCIE PubMed
期刊论文 | 2017 , 149 (5) , 203-208 | MEDICINA CLINICA | IF: 1.168
WoS CC Cited Count: 1
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Background: Cigarette smoking is a modifiable risk factor for cognitive impairment, while the relationship between current smoking and cognitive impairment is not fully understood. The objectives were to identify a possible association between current smoking and cognitive impairment depending on age in the Chinese rural population. Methods: Data for the study consisted of 1,782 participants (40 years and older) who lived in a rural village in the vicinity of Xi'an, China. Data about smoking history and cognitive function were collected. Cognitive function was scored by the Mini-Mental State Examination. The effect of age on the relationship between current smoking and cognitive impairment was analyzed with interaction and stratified analysis by logistic regression models. Results: Interaction analysis showed that current smoking is positively related with cognitive impairment (odds ratio [OR] = 9.067; 95% confidence interval [95% CI]1.305-62.979; P = .026). However, the interaction term, age by current smoking, is negatively related with cognitive impairment (OR=0.969; 95%Cl 0.939-0.999; P=.045). Stratified logistic regression showed that in the 40-65 years of age sublayer, OR of current smoking is 1.966 (P =.044), whereas in the > 65 years of age sublayer, the OR is 0.470 (P=.130). This means that the association between current smoking and cognitive impairment with age might be positive (OR > 1) in lower age sublayers, but no significant difference in higher age sublayers. Conclusions: In conclusion, current smoking might be positively associated with cognitive impairment in the middle-aged but the relationship declines with increasing age. (C) 2017 Elsevier Espana, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

Keyword :

Age Cognitive impairment Current smoking Cross-sectional study

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GB/T 7714 Liu, Jie , Shang, Suhang , Li, Pei et al. Association between current smoking and cognitive impairment depends on age: A cross-sectional study in Xi'an, China [J]. | MEDICINA CLINICA , 2017 , 149 (5) : 203-208 .
MLA Liu, Jie et al. "Association between current smoking and cognitive impairment depends on age: A cross-sectional study in Xi'an, China" . | MEDICINA CLINICA 149 . 5 (2017) : 203-208 .
APA Liu, Jie , Shang, Suhang , Li, Pei , Deng, Meiying , Chen, Chen , Jiang, Yu et al. Association between current smoking and cognitive impairment depends on age: A cross-sectional study in Xi'an, China . | MEDICINA CLINICA , 2017 , 149 (5) , 203-208 .
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A sensitive beagle model to evaluate anaphylactoid reactions SCIE
期刊论文 | 2015 , 38 (10) , 491-497 | ALLERGOLOGIE | IF: 0.161
WoS CC Cited Count: 1
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Background: Anaphylactoid reactions lead to high morbidity and health-care costs every year. A successful animal model is a prerequisite for the research of anaphylactoid reactions. The aim of the study was to detect a sensitive animal model of anaphylactoid reactions. Methods. Animals such as beagle dogs, guinea pigs, and mice were used and intravenously injected with Tween-80, a trigger of anaphylactoid reactions. The behavioral responses were observed. The vascular permeability was assayed by spectrophotometry. Results: The results indicated that serious multisystem symptoms appeared in the dogs after intravenous Tween-80. One dog displayed anaphylactoid symptoms grade III such as scratching the nose and head, shaking the ears, skin rash, gait disturbance; Five dogs displayed grade IV symptoms of pawing the ground, tumbling, sluggishness, somnolence or hypodynamia. Moreover, the skin rash was generalized and remarkable. However, guinea pigs did not display any abnormal behavior after the administration of Tween-80. In addition, there was no significant increase of Evans blue absorbance in mouse ascites and skin after administration of Tween-80. The Evans blue absorbance of muscle in the Tween-80 group was higher than the one in the control group. Conclusions: Beagles dogs are a sensitive animal model of anaphylactoid reactions.

Keyword :

beagle guinea pig mouse anaphylactoid reaction

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GB/T 7714 Mi, Y. N. , Ping, N. N. , Xiao, X. et al. A sensitive beagle model to evaluate anaphylactoid reactions [J]. | ALLERGOLOGIE , 2015 , 38 (10) : 491-497 .
MLA Mi, Y. N. et al. "A sensitive beagle model to evaluate anaphylactoid reactions" . | ALLERGOLOGIE 38 . 10 (2015) : 491-497 .
APA Mi, Y. N. , Ping, N. N. , Xiao, X. , Cao, L. , Zhu, Y. B. , Cao, Y. X. . A sensitive beagle model to evaluate anaphylactoid reactions . | ALLERGOLOGIE , 2015 , 38 (10) , 491-497 .
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INVOLUNTARY BACHELORHOOD IN RURAL CHINA: A SOCIAL NETWORK PERSPECTIVE SSCI Scopus
期刊论文 | 2014 , 69 (1) , 109-133 | POPULATION | IF: 0.548
WoS CC Cited Count: 2 SCOPUS Cited Count: 4
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If a man has a matchmaking network, will this increase his chance of marrying? Using survey data from X County in Anhui Province collected in 2008, we analyse the determinants of first marriage probability for 18 to 50-year-old rural Chinese men (N = 412) in terms of their social networks. We find that tie configuration, but not the size of the matchmaking network, has an important effect on the probability of men's first marriage. The men who have no matchmaking network face a high risk of remaining single. Among men with a matchmaking network, different network configurations have slightly different effects: kin ties play a more important role in increasing men's probability of marrying, especially at men's most common marriage ages. The probability of first marriage for men with both kin and non-kin ties is the lowest, which may reflect the matchmaking strategy for some men who have more difficulties in getting married. We also find that age at first marriage for rural Chinese men is concentrated in the interval between 22 and 27 years, and the probability of first marriage decreases sharply from age 28, and drops to almost zero above age 34.

Keyword :

marriage squeeze marriage market matchmaking networks age at first marriage probability of first marriage involuntary bachelors

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GB/T 7714 Liu, Lige , Jin, Xiaoyi , Brown, Melissa J. et al. INVOLUNTARY BACHELORHOOD IN RURAL CHINA: A SOCIAL NETWORK PERSPECTIVE [J]. | POPULATION , 2014 , 69 (1) : 109-133 .
MLA Liu, Lige et al. "INVOLUNTARY BACHELORHOOD IN RURAL CHINA: A SOCIAL NETWORK PERSPECTIVE" . | POPULATION 69 . 1 (2014) : 109-133 .
APA Liu, Lige , Jin, Xiaoyi , Brown, Melissa J. , Feldman, Marcus W. . INVOLUNTARY BACHELORHOOD IN RURAL CHINA: A SOCIAL NETWORK PERSPECTIVE . | POPULATION , 2014 , 69 (1) , 109-133 .
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基于公共机构性会话分析理论的新闻媒体互动行为分析 学位论文库
学位论文 | 2013 | Mentor:赵刚
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公共机构性谈话是一种特定的互动行为,其谈话遵守着特定的公共机构的规范,表现出独特的机构性。公共机构性谈话里,存在机构性的语用制约机制、与特定机构相关的推理框架,以及区别与日常会话的特征和功能。会话分析作为一种互动行为的分析手法,以前将日常会话作为研究对象。如今,随着应用会话分析的兴起,会话分析逐步发展到围绕公共机构性谈话进行研究。公共机构性谈话的研究包含会话结构、会话策略、会话管理以及社会认知和社会关系等内容。本研究为了明确新闻媒体中的公共机构性谈话特征,收集了公共机构性谈话的新闻谈话资料,并从会话分析的角度,对其进行了考察。1)从新闻媒体谈话的开始、生成、结束三个部分来考察了新闻媒体互动行为中的会话构造。2)从“视点”和“话题”两个角度来对新闻媒体互动行为中的会话策略进行分类,并给出定义,对新闻媒体语料的用例进行了分析。3)从 “发话权控制”和“话题调整”两个部分来考察了新闻媒体互动行为中的会话管理。4)考察了“社会认知和社会关系”在新闻互动行为中的体现。5)考察了新闻媒体互动行为所体现的与新闻媒体特定机构相关的语用制约和推理框架。6)总结了新闻媒体互动行为所体现的公共机构的特征及其机构性。通过以上分析,可以看出新闻媒体互动行为有明确的目的,受参与者的“意向性”驱动,被“中立性”“独立性”“真实性”“客观性”的强力制约,具有面向观众产出谈话的特点。在上述的制约下,可以看到新闻媒体语境中特有的推理结构。从会话策略的分析来看,新闻媒体谈话还体现出了“受容性”、“知识性”、“趣味性”的机构性特征。从“社会认知和社会关系”的方面来看,新闻媒体互动行为中还存在着“专家的职业敏感性”和“交际的非对称性”。此外,在新闻媒体谈话中,参与者有明确的角色关系。采访者宏观控制谈话的流程,被采访者协助采访者,参与者双方一起确保中立、公正、恰当的话语的产出。本研究以新闻媒体互动行为为研究对象,从会话分析的角度提出了公共机构性谈话的具体分析方法。通过这一系列的考察,对新闻媒体互动行为的分析研究有很大的参考作用。

Keyword :

新闻媒体互动行为公共机构性谈话会话分析中立性

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GB/T 7714 陈力 . 基于公共机构性会话分析理论的新闻媒体互动行为分析 [D]. , .
MLA 陈力 . "基于公共机构性会话分析理论的新闻媒体互动行为分析" . , .
APA 陈力 . 基于公共机构性会话分析理论的新闻媒体互动行为分析 . , .
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基于公共机构性谈话分析视点的医疗谈话汉日对比研究 学位论文库
学位论文 | 2013 | Mentor:张长安
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本研究从会话结构、会话管理、会话策略和医疗谈话的公共机构性特征等方面对中日医疗会话进行了对比研究。具体方法是,首先,将医疗谈话分类。本研究中将医疗谈话分成了4类,分别是“门诊型医疗谈话”“住院部型医疗谈话”“办公室型医疗谈话”和“手术室型医疗谈话”。在此基础上考察中日间医疗谈话的差异。通过考察发现,中日间医疗谈话在“住院部型医疗谈话”和“办公室型医疗谈话”之间不存在明显差异。“门诊型医疗谈话”中中日之间存在一定差异,但这种差异是中日之间不同医疗政策决定的,而不是人为或文化的不同而导致的。另外,对“手术室型医疗谈话”的考察,由于中日资料都有一定的局限性,因此无法完成对比研究,只能将“手术室型医疗谈话”作为单独分类进行保留。但是对于两国语料的分析可以发现,中日两国的医疗制度虽然存在差异,但两国都是以患者的利益为出发点,从两国均将患者的利益放在第一位,试图以最好、最高效的方式治愈疾病,还患者健康的角度来看,可得出中日手术室型医疗谈话在本质上是相同的的结论。 关于会话策略的研究,本文基于沙特洛夫斯基的理论,首先将在医疗谈话中频繁出现的修正策略做出了如下五种分类:患者主导患者修正、患者主导医生修正、医生主导医生修正、医生主导患者修正和患者主导零修正。小话题策略也作为重点在本文中做了分析。修正策略和小话题策略的频繁应用表明,在医生更准确的获取患者疾病信息、对患者进行安慰、改善医患关系等层面起到了明显作用。同时,本研究发现,患者主导患者修正的频繁应用会产生负面效果,会有干扰医生判断、影响医生情绪的负面影响。 在对中日医疗谈话的会话结构、会话管理和会话策略进行分析研究的基础上,本文还从“专业知识”和“权力”两方面探讨了医疗谈话中的医患社会关系和认识论。由于医患间专业知识的不同,医患谈话中医生一直起主导作用。在权力方面,虽然医生在医疗谈话中具有绝对权威,但患者在配合医生的基础上也拥有自己的权力。因此,本研究认为医患间存在地位不平等的特征,但不存在绝对的地位高低。地位的高低取决于谈话或医疗行为涉及的范围。同时,本研究也明确了医疗谈话具有“任务驱动性”“地位不平等性”“中立性和客观性”等公共机构性特征。

Keyword :

会话管理 会话结构 会话策略 公共机构性特征 社会关系与认识论

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GB/T 7714 刘天野 . 基于公共机构性谈话分析视点的医疗谈话汉日对比研究 [D]. , .
MLA 刘天野 . "基于公共机构性谈话分析视点的医疗谈话汉日对比研究" . , .
APA 刘天野 . 基于公共机构性谈话分析视点的医疗谈话汉日对比研究 . , .
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远藤周作文学中基督教的本土化——以《沉默》为中心—— 学位论文库
学位论文 | 2013 | Mentor:霍士富
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Abstract :

《沉默》是1966年由日本作家远藤周作完成的优秀长篇小说。是作者创作生涯中具有里程碑意义的奠基之作。这部作品蕴含着“神的问题”、“基督教文化在日本的本地化”、“弱者文学”等多重主题,受到文学界和基督教界的广泛关注和好评。《沉默》的先行研究主要可以总结为以下几点:(1)从思想、基督教的观点出发,《沉默》受到不少批判,但从文学作品的角度来看,又受到学界的高度评价;(2)基督教的固有思想与日本的风土不融,要实现本土化则需要变革;(3)基督教在日本的重新认识;(4)弱者文学。这些先行研究从不同的视点展开研究,取得了丰硕的成果。但是,先行研究中仍有许多问题尚未涉及。首先,作者在描写吉次郎这一出场人物时,使用了很多动物的意象,而先行研究中这一点很少受到研究者的关注。其次,先行研究中,对于基督教在日本本土化的认识问题,至今仍停留在从父性宗教转变为母性宗教这一观点上,而本土化之后的基督教的神是以怎样的形象存在于日本,神对所有的信徒想传达怎样的信仰等问题仍有许多不明之处。再次,基督教与日本的风土不融的原因,除了先行研究中提出的,日本是宽容文化,是多神信仰之外,我认为还可以从日本的国民性问题出发来分析基督教在日本的本土化问题。基于以上先行研究的梳理和分析,本论文从动物的意象与吉次郎的形象、神的“真相”、基督教文化与日本本土文化的冲突和融合三点切入,探索基督教在日本的本土化问题,得到以下结论。《沉默》中,作者通过描写蝇、鼠、狗、蜥蜴这四种动物,在表达吉次郎的“恶”的同时,也表达了该人物作为“弱者的不安和恐惧”、“对主人的忠诚”、以及作为“背叛者的矛盾”。作者把自己的信仰寄托在吉次郎身上,把他描写成了基督教在日本本土化的代表人物。不论是殉教还是弃教,所有的信徒对神的信仰都非常坚定。而对于这些信徒来说,神的存在是看不见的,他通过其他人或者事作用在每个信徒身上,这种作用也是潜藏在信徒内心的意识,而通过这种作用,基督想向所有人传达的内容是“踩圣像并弃教吧,然后,活下去”。日本人自古以来就积极地摄取外来文化,并将它与自己的文化相融合。这种对待外来文化的态度也延伸到了宗教,不论是佛教还是基督教,日本人习惯采取“有用则信,无用则不信”的“实用主义”的态度。这种实用主义正是基督教能在日本本土化的根本原因。本论文首先对动物意象与吉次郎形象之间的关系进行了分析,其次,在基督教在日本得以本土化的基础上,分析了神的真相,最后,挖掘了隐藏在基督教得以本土化的深层原因。最终阐明了远藤周作文学中表现的基督教在日本本土化的重要主题。

Keyword :

本土化动物的意象真相实用主义

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GB/T 7714 施静波 . 远藤周作文学中基督教的本土化——以《沉默》为中心—— [D]. , .
MLA 施静波 . "远藤周作文学中基督教的本土化——以《沉默》为中心——" . , .
APA 施静波 . 远藤周作文学中基督教的本土化——以《沉默》为中心—— . , .
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关于谈话节目中非语言行为的考擦——以手势为中心 学位论文库
学位论文 | 2013 | Mentor:赵蔚青
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Abstract :

日常生活中,人们之间的交流占据了很重要的位置。毋庸置疑,交流首先离不开语言。除了语言,如视线、面部表情、肢体动作、手势等之类的非语言手段,也成为交际中不可或缺的部分。在日本,在对比研究和社会语言学的领域,对非语言行为的研究也有一定进展。近年来在日语教育领域,非语言行为的重要性也逐渐得到了重视。本文选取了「徹子の部屋」中的受访者作为研究对象,对他们在节目中5分钟的时间内所使用的手势情况进行了考察。考察结果如下:1) 节目中出现的手势有10种。不伴随语言的手势有:“无意义的手势”、“根据听话者的语言而做出反应的手势”、“与其他非语言行为共起的手势”及“固定手势”等4种。而伴随语言的手势有:“无意义的手势”、“固定手势”、“指示人、物及方向的手势”、“对话语的意思进行说明或补充的手势”、“表达说话者感情的手势”以及“边回忆边思考来表达说话内容的手势”等6种。2) 手势有4种作用。说明或补充、指示、表达感情以及会话进行的标志等4种作用。3) 最常用的手势是“对话语的意思进行说明或补充的手势”。4) 年龄层中,对于不伴随语言的手势中“无意义的手势”的使用,中年层多于青年层。“固定手势”的使用量,中年曾最多,其次是青年层、老年层。伴随语言的手势中“边回忆边思考来表达说话内容的手势”的使用量,中年层要多于老年层。5) 从性别方面来看,不伴随语言的手势中,“和其他非语言行为共起的手势”的使用,女性要多于男性。而在伴随语言的手势中,“固定手势”的使用,男性要多于女性。

Keyword :

谈话节目非语言行为手势年龄差异性别差异

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GB/T 7714 翟艳 . 关于谈话节目中非语言行为的考擦——以手势为中心 [D]. , .
MLA 翟艳 . "关于谈话节目中非语言行为的考擦——以手势为中心" . , .
APA 翟艳 . 关于谈话节目中非语言行为的考擦——以手势为中心 . , .
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关于动词“買う”“売る”和“买”“卖”语意用法的中日对比研究 学位论文库
学位论文 | 2013 | Mentor:王精诚
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Abstract :

无论是外语学习还是语言研究,对于句子的整体把握通常离不开对句中担任谓语成分的动词的理解。对比研究可以使将个别语言中存在的语言现象更加明确,探究语言的一般规则。本研究采用对比研究的手段来对比分析汉语、日语动词的语意用法上的异同。总结动词中日对比的先行研究,发现研究集中于 “饮食类动词、知觉动词、移动动词、授受动词、机能动词”这五类动词。而生活中常见的以“买、卖”为代表的买卖类动词却鲜有研究。本研究以日语买卖类动词「売る」「買う」和汉语“卖”“买”为研究对象,在语料库调查的基础上,利用认知语义学理论,通过对比分析相关实例以及每个动词的语义扩张机制,阐明其语意用法上的异同。考察得到的结果如下:1) 在“与名词的共起关系”方面,日语的「売る」「買う」和汉语“卖”“买”与“商品类”名词共起时情况相似,中日动词的表义用法相近。相反,与“非商品类”名词共起时却富于变化,情况迥异。2) 在“惯用语分析”方面,作为对与名词共起关系的补充探讨,发现无论是日语还是汉语的惯用语,除有一些个案,很大一部分都是在原词意上利用隐喻的手段加以扩展形成的。3) 在“语义扩张机制”方面,通过提出每个动词的语意扩展模型,发现 「売る」与 “卖”的语义性质相似,而 「買う」与 “买”却有很大差异。同时,根据具体的分析结果得出「売る」「買う」“卖”具有与授受动词相似的性质这一推论。4) 在“语法功能”方面,中日动词在与“名词”“数词”“副词”搭配使用时用法相似,而与“形容词”“助词”“动词”搭配时存有差异。同时通过语法方面的分析考证,验证了动词「売る」「買う」具有与授受动词相似性质。 作为今后的研究课题,可考虑将「販売する」「購う」等同义词、「売り切れる」「買いかえる」等复合动词也纳入讨论。

Keyword :

动词 语义 用法 对比研究 认知

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GB/T 7714 王皓 . 关于动词“買う”“売る”和“买”“卖”语意用法的中日对比研究 [D]. , .
MLA 王皓 . "关于动词“買う”“売る”和“买”“卖”语意用法的中日对比研究" . , .
APA 王皓 . 关于动词“買う”“売る”和“买”“卖”语意用法的中日对比研究 . , .
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