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< Page ,Total 73 >
Wind environment of urban residential blocks: a research review EI AHCI CPCI-SSH
会议论文 | 2019 , 62 (1) , 66-73 | 4th International Conference on Countermeasures to Urban Heat Island (UHI)
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Abstract :

With the goal of ameliorating the urban heat island effect and haze, the wind environment of urban residential areas has been studied using software simulations, field tests, wind tunnel tests, and questionnaire surveys. To provide a guide for future research on the wind environment of urban residential blocks, this paper summarizes the findings of studies on wind environment-related policies, methods to improve the wind environment in residential blocks, simulation of the wind environment in residential blocks, and coupling between the wind environment and spatial form in residential blocks.

Keyword :

computational fluid dynamics Urban heat island wind environment coupling mechanism haze residential blocks urban form

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GB/T 7714 Zhen, Meng , Zhou, Dian , Bian, Guangmeng et al. Wind environment of urban residential blocks: a research review [C] . 2019 : 66-73 .
MLA Zhen, Meng et al. "Wind environment of urban residential blocks: a research review" . (2019) : 66-73 .
APA Zhen, Meng , Zhou, Dian , Bian, Guangmeng , Yang, Yang , Liu, Ying . Wind environment of urban residential blocks: a research review . (2019) : 66-73 .
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A review of breathable residential areas in Xi'an of China EI AHCI CPCI-SSH
会议论文 | 2019 , 62 (1) , 58-65 | 4th International Conference on Countermeasures to Urban Heat Island (UHI)
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Abstract :

Northern cities in China are experiencing severe haze pollution. How to improve the urban ventilation capacity by improving the layout of urban space is a problem that China urgently needs to solve. The paper reviews the urban environmental problems, research methods of wind environment in residential areas, wind profile, coupling mechanism of spatial patterns of urban residential areas and wind environment, so to provide ideas for wind environment improvement in residential areas of Xi'an. At the same time, it provides research methods for the healthy development of cities in the same latitude region in the world.

Keyword :

Haze pollution wind environment residential area coupling mechanism wind profile urban form unmanned aerial vehicle

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GB/T 7714 Zhen, Meng , Zhou, Dian , He, Yuanping et al. A review of breathable residential areas in Xi'an of China [C] . 2019 : 58-65 .
MLA Zhen, Meng et al. "A review of breathable residential areas in Xi'an of China" . (2019) : 58-65 .
APA Zhen, Meng , Zhou, Dian , He, Yuanping , Yu, Chuck Wah , Liu, Ying , Dong, Qi . A review of breathable residential areas in Xi'an of China . (2019) : 58-65 .
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An Abrupt Shift in the Indian Monsoon 4000 Years Ago CPCI-S CPCI-SSH Scopus
会议论文 | 2019 , 198 , 75-87 | American-Geophysical-Union (AGU) Chapman Conference on Climates, Past Landscapes, and Civilizations
WoS CC Cited Count: 75 SCOPUS Cited Count: 84
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Abstract :

The emergence of high-resolution proxy records from the Asian monsoon region suggests that the monsoon system is bistable and can abruptly transition between a suppressed and active state. This observation is critical in considering how the monsoon system may have influenced the development of societies across South and East Asia during the Holocene. Using a new high-resolution (similar to 5 years/sample) speleothem stable isotope record from northeast India that spans the early and mid-Holocene, a number of abrupt changes in the oxygen isotopic composition of precipitation (delta O-18(p)) are documented. The most dramatic of these events occurred similar to 4000 years ago when, over the course of approximately a decade, isotopic values abruptly rose above any seen during the early to mid-Holocene and remained at this anomalous state for almost two centuries. This event occurs nearly synchronously with climatic changes documented in a number of proxy records across North Africa, the Middle East, the Tibetan Plateau, southern Europe, and North America. We hypothesize that the excursion could represent a shift toward an earlier Indian Summer Monsoon withdrawal or a general decline in the total amount of monsoon precipitation. The new record provides a very significant advance with respect to age control and sample resolution of terrestrial climate change over South Asia during this period when a number of major societal changes occurred. While evidence of a causal relationship between climate and the reorganization of the Indus Valley and Old Kingdom Nile civilizations is beyond the scope of this study, the tight age constraints of the record show with a high degree of certainty that much of the documented deurbanization of the Indus Valley at 3.9 kyr B. P. occurred after multiple decades of a shift in the monsoon's character but before the monsoon returned to its previous mid-Holocene state.

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GB/T 7714 Berkelhammer, M. , Sinha, A. , Stott, L. et al. An Abrupt Shift in the Indian Monsoon 4000 Years Ago [C] . 2019 : 75-87 .
MLA Berkelhammer, M. et al. "An Abrupt Shift in the Indian Monsoon 4000 Years Ago" . (2019) : 75-87 .
APA Berkelhammer, M. , Sinha, A. , Stott, L. , Cheng, H. , Pausata, F. S. R. , Yoshimura, K. . An Abrupt Shift in the Indian Monsoon 4000 Years Ago . (2019) : 75-87 .
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Research and Practice on the Innovation Ability Cultivation Model of Undergraduates Under the "Unity of Knowledge and Practice" CPCI-SSH
会议论文 | 2018 , 193 , 23-33 | Asia-Pacific Social Science and Modern Education Conference (SSME)
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Abstract :

Under the background of the nation's innovation-driven development, college students' engineering practice and scientific and technological innovation training are the inevitable way for students to become talents, and also one of the important yardsticks for measuring the practical teaching level of higher education institutions of engineering. Based on the current situation of undergraduates' needs for innovative ability and scientific literacy, this paper proposes the "integrating of knowledge and action" innovation ability cultivation and teaching concept. By building a tree-shaped knowledge system and a laddered innovation ability cultivation model, with promotion of innovative practice methods of "undergraduate tutorial system" and "undergraduates into the lab", to effectively advance the reform of innovative practice teaching for undergraduates. The comparative results of teaching practice verified the effectiveness of the "integrating of knowledge and action" innovation ability training model and method, and on the basis of summarizing the teaching practice activities, the inspiration and suggestions for follow-up college teaching reform are proposed. The cultivation mode and method of innovation ability proposed in this paper has universal applicability, which has positive reference significance for the innovation of teaching ideas in higher education institutions and the promotion of practice teaching reform in colleges and universities.

Keyword :

laddered cultivation mode teaching concept of innovative practice tree-shaped knowledge system reform of higher education teaching

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GB/T 7714 Tang, Xiaogang , Wang, Sunan , Zhu, Shibing et al. Research and Practice on the Innovation Ability Cultivation Model of Undergraduates Under the "Unity of Knowledge and Practice" [C] . 2018 : 23-33 .
MLA Tang, Xiaogang et al. "Research and Practice on the Innovation Ability Cultivation Model of Undergraduates Under the "Unity of Knowledge and Practice"" . (2018) : 23-33 .
APA Tang, Xiaogang , Wang, Sunan , Zhu, Shibing , Liu, Litian . Research and Practice on the Innovation Ability Cultivation Model of Undergraduates Under the "Unity of Knowledge and Practice" . (2018) : 23-33 .
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THE SOVEREIGN YIELD CURVE AND FISCAL BEHAVIOUR IN CHINA CPCI-SSH SSCI Scopus
会议论文 | 2018 , 23 (2) , 271-295 | Conference on China's Financial Liberalization
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Abstract :

The present study aims to explore the relationship between the sovereign yield curve and fiscal behaviour in China. The Chinese Government is very powerful, and fiscal policy plays an important role in China's economy. A dynamic Nelson-Siegel model is adopted to estimate the level, slope and curvature factors of the yield curve. Three aspects of fiscal behaviour, including government spending, revenue and budget balance, are considered. Significant relationships between fiscal behaviour and the sovereign yield curve are found and described in the present study. Higher government expenditure raises the level and slope factors of the yield curve, while increasing government revenue reduces the level factor and enhances the slope factor. Furthermore, improved budget balance decreases the level and slope factors of the yield curve. Fiscal behaviour also interacts with the macroeconomy in China. Fiscal policy is insensitive to price surges in contrast to the strong responses of monetary policy to higher inflation. In addition, crowding-out effects of government spending are demonstrated in this study.

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GB/T 7714 Yan, Yifeng , Guo, Ju'e . THE SOVEREIGN YIELD CURVE AND FISCAL BEHAVIOUR IN CHINA [C] . 2018 : 271-295 .
MLA Yan, Yifeng et al. "THE SOVEREIGN YIELD CURVE AND FISCAL BEHAVIOUR IN CHINA" . (2018) : 271-295 .
APA Yan, Yifeng , Guo, Ju'e . THE SOVEREIGN YIELD CURVE AND FISCAL BEHAVIOUR IN CHINA . (2018) : 271-295 .
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The extensive and intensive margins of exports of firms in developing and emerging countries CPCI-SSH SSCI
会议论文 | 2018 , 56 , 39-49 | International Conference on Recent Advances in International Trade and Finance
WoS CC Cited Count: 1
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Abstract :

Using a dataset of over 86,000 firms from 179 surveys in developing and emerging countries, this paper presents evidence of the relationship between the margins of trade and productivity. Consistent with heterogeneous firm theoretical models, firms with high productivity have both greater likelihood of exporting (extensive margin) and higher export volume (intensive margin). Access to credit increases likelihood of entry to international markets; however, credit does not increase export volume. Size is a robust indicator of exporting status and the volume of exports. Firms with foreign ownership participation tend to be exporters, while those with state participation tend not to be.

Keyword :

Margins of trade Productivity Access to finance Developing and emerging countries

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GB/T 7714 Regis, Paulo Jose . The extensive and intensive margins of exports of firms in developing and emerging countries [C] . 2018 : 39-49 .
MLA Regis, Paulo Jose . "The extensive and intensive margins of exports of firms in developing and emerging countries" . (2018) : 39-49 .
APA Regis, Paulo Jose . The extensive and intensive margins of exports of firms in developing and emerging countries . (2018) : 39-49 .
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Urban sustainability indicators re-visited: lessons from property-led urban development in China CPCI-SSH SSCI
会议论文 | 2018 , 36 (4) , 308-322 | 38th Annual Meeting of the International-Association-for-Impact-Assessment (IAIA)
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Abstract :

This paper proposes a bespoke urban sustainability indicator framework in the context of China's prevalent property-led urban development. Emphasising local characteristics and incorporating underlying institutions, it advocates a more nuanced, holistic and dynamic approach when addressing sustainability issues. Selection of indicators were based on extensive literature reviews and tested through an international expert survey comprising both China-based and overseas-based experts. The two groups of experts have shown divergent views, with the former prioritising economic and institutional aspects over environmental and social factors. It also provides transferable policy insights into developing countries more generally, given many similarities in broader development challenges. Discussion on recent literature and urban development reinforces the applicability of these tailor-made indicators to not only monitoring but also explaining and predicting urban changes. We argue it is necessary to recognise the centrality of property-led urban development in urban sustainable development, and the need for examining the complex relations between the property sector and urban sustainability via inclusion of institutional analysis and a multi-method approach combining quantitative and qualitative evaluations.

Keyword :

Tailor-made sustainability indicators property-led urban development institutional approach quantitative and qualitative evaluation China developing countries

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GB/T 7714 Xu, Yunqing , Keivani, Ramin , Cao, Albert Junjian . Urban sustainability indicators re-visited: lessons from property-led urban development in China [C] . 2018 : 308-322 .
MLA Xu, Yunqing et al. "Urban sustainability indicators re-visited: lessons from property-led urban development in China" . (2018) : 308-322 .
APA Xu, Yunqing , Keivani, Ramin , Cao, Albert Junjian . Urban sustainability indicators re-visited: lessons from property-led urban development in China . (2018) : 308-322 .
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Comparative Study On The Ethical Perceptions Of Contractors And Designers In The China Construction Industry EI CPCI-SSH CPCI-S
会议论文 | 2018 , 291 | 1st International Conference on Architecture and Civil Engineering (ICACE)
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Abstract :

Ethics is becoming one of the most important requirements for successful business in the 21st century. The construction industry cannot be exceptional from this trend. However construction ethics management requires different approaches from other industries, as the products of the industry are construction projects which are completely different from mass production. Contractors and designers are two major participants in construction projects. The roles and responsibilities of these two project stakeholders decisively influence all aspects of construction project. Practically ethical perceptions of contractors and designers are one of main aspects to be considered for the effective and efficient management of ethics for the construction industry. This research has investigated the ethical perceptions of contractors and designers in the China construction industry. A questionnaire survey which contains 15 ethical issues and 6 demographic factors has been conducted. 170 construction professionals from construction companies and consulting companies have been participated in this survey. These 15 ethical issues are ranked in terms of seriousness, frequency and importance for both contractors and designers as a single group to understand the overall perceptions in the industry. The analysis has also been conducted for contractors and designers respectively to make comparisons between them. The top three serious ethical issues in the industry are 'Bribery and corruption', 'Failure to practice whistle-blowing' and 'Improper bidding practices'. Contractors and designers showed similar outcomes for the top five important ethical issues. But for the middle ranged ethical issues, they showed some differences. Further researches are required to identify the causes of the similarity and differences.

Keyword :

Designer Ethics Construction Contractor

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GB/T 7714 Kang, Byung Gyoo , Long, Kaiwen , Zhang, Cheng et al. Comparative Study On The Ethical Perceptions Of Contractors And Designers In The China Construction Industry [C] . 2018 .
MLA Kang, Byung Gyoo et al. "Comparative Study On The Ethical Perceptions Of Contractors And Designers In The China Construction Industry" . (2018) .
APA Kang, Byung Gyoo , Long, Kaiwen , Zhang, Cheng , Hao, Jian Li . Comparative Study On The Ethical Perceptions Of Contractors And Designers In The China Construction Industry . (2018) .
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Isotopic and Chemical Tracers for the Sustainable Management of Water Resources in Semi-arid Area: Case of Massa Catchment, Morocco CPCI-SSH CPCI-S
会议论文 | 2018 , 261-268 | Congress on Groundwater and Global Change in the Western Mediterranean
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GB/T 7714 Danni, S. Oumarou , Bouchaou, L. , Elmouden, A. et al. Isotopic and Chemical Tracers for the Sustainable Management of Water Resources in Semi-arid Area: Case of Massa Catchment, Morocco [C] . 2018 : 261-268 .
MLA Danni, S. Oumarou et al. "Isotopic and Chemical Tracers for the Sustainable Management of Water Resources in Semi-arid Area: Case of Massa Catchment, Morocco" . (2018) : 261-268 .
APA Danni, S. Oumarou , Bouchaou, L. , Elmouden, A. , N'da, B. , Brahim, Y. Ait , Malki, M. . Isotopic and Chemical Tracers for the Sustainable Management of Water Resources in Semi-arid Area: Case of Massa Catchment, Morocco . (2018) : 261-268 .
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An Analysis of the Effects of Internal Medicine Training before Clinical Practice Based on the OSCE CPCI-SSH
会议论文 | 2018 , 60-66 | 3rd Annual International Conference on Education Science and Education Management (ESEM)
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Abstract :

Objective: To explore a teaching mode that can improve medical students' clinical competence by internal training before clinical practice and an analysis of its effectiveness. Methods: According to the OSCE, eight-year medical students were trained in internal medicine, practiced repeatedly and were evaluated before entering clinical practice. The effect of this teaching mode was evaluated using questionnaires. Results: (1) There is statistical significance in the differences in the interrogation, physical examination and four major punctures in internal medicine before and after the training, P<0.05. (2) There are extremely good evaluations of actual work ability, interest in learning, satisfaction with the teaching mode, teaching effects and "whether they like it" in the questionnaire analysis. Of the participants, 93.72% rated this method as very good. Conclusion: Clearly, students improved their clinical competence by training before entering clinical practice. Students liked the manner of teaching, and this mode is worth disseminating widely.

Keyword :

Medical Students Competence Teaching Mode

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GB/T 7714 Zhang, Ya-Li , Feng, Jie , Yang, Lan et al. An Analysis of the Effects of Internal Medicine Training before Clinical Practice Based on the OSCE [C] . 2018 : 60-66 .
MLA Zhang, Ya-Li et al. "An Analysis of the Effects of Internal Medicine Training before Clinical Practice Based on the OSCE" . (2018) : 60-66 .
APA Zhang, Ya-Li , Feng, Jie , Yang, Lan , Song, Zheng-Jun , Chen, Li-Men , Liang, Yi-Mu et al. An Analysis of the Effects of Internal Medicine Training before Clinical Practice Based on the OSCE . (2018) : 60-66 .
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