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Experimental investigation and prediction of the thermal conductivity of water-based oxide nanofluids with low volume fractions EI Scopus SCIE
期刊论文 | 2019 , 135 (1) , 257-269 | Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
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Abstract :

Although there are already many models for prediction of the thermal conductivity of nanoparticle suspension, most of them only consider the cases for high nanoparticle volume fractions (often > 0.1%). Considering the cost of particle itself, pumping and transportation, dispersion stability, etc., low particle concentrations are obviously more preferred. The present study firstly experimentally investigated the thermal conductivity of some oxide colloid suspensions with low particle concentrations. It was found that the famous multi-sphere Brownian model (MSBM) showed a large deviation for thermal conductivity prediction when the particle concentrations are below 0.1%. By introducing an adjustable exponential constant, n, into the volume fraction item of MSBM, the predicted thermal conductivity can be in good agreement with experimental data for the particle volume fractions ranging from 0.001 to 10%. The dependency of n on the particle volume fraction and its possible physical significance were discussed in detail. It turns out that, when the volume fraction is larger than 1%, the modified model can be reduced to the original MSBM. The value of n approximately equals to 0.7 when the volume fractions of nanofluids are lower than 0.005%. Between these two volume fractions, n is found to follow a nearly linear relation with the logarithm of volume fraction. The validity of the modified MSBM model for practical supplication was further justified based on numerical method. The simulation results showed that our model has excellent agreement with Maxwell–Garnetts model in low volume fraction ranges due to the weak interaction between various nanoparticles in the system. Our study should be of value for numerical simulation and engineering design of nanofluids in the future. © 2018 Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary

Keyword :

Brownian model Dispersion stability Experimental investigations Nanoparticle suspension Nanoparticle volume fractions Particle concentrations Particle volume fractions Physical significance

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GB/T 7714 Jin, Jingyu , Hatami, Mohammad , Jing, Dengwei . Experimental investigation and prediction of the thermal conductivity of water-based oxide nanofluids with low volume fractions [J]. | Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry , 2019 , 135 (1) : 257-269 .
MLA Jin, Jingyu 等. "Experimental investigation and prediction of the thermal conductivity of water-based oxide nanofluids with low volume fractions" . | Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry 135 . 1 (2019) : 257-269 .
APA Jin, Jingyu , Hatami, Mohammad , Jing, Dengwei . Experimental investigation and prediction of the thermal conductivity of water-based oxide nanofluids with low volume fractions . | Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry , 2019 , 135 (1) , 257-269 .
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Determination of thermal conductivity of interfacial layer in nanofluids by equilibrium molecular dynamics simulation EI Scopus SCIE
期刊论文 | 2019 , 128 , 199-207 | International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer
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Abstract :

In this article, equilibrium molecular dynamics are performed to investigate the thickness and thermal conductivity of interfacial layer around the nanoparticle in dilute nanofluids. A nanofluids system of a 1-nm-diameter copper spherical nanoparticle immersing into argon base liquids and then a flat interface formed by liquid argon on the solid copper surface are studied. Green-Kubo formula is developed to calculate thermal conductivity of interfacial layer. Besides, the effect of solid-liquid interaction is studied. The nano-scale thin interfacial layer with more ordered structure and higher thermal conductivity than that of the base fluids is observed. Then the simulation results are incorporated into the modified Maxwell equation to calculate the effective thermal conductivity of nanofluids. The results indicate that the contribution of interfacial layer to thermal conductivity enhancement of nanofluids can be neglected. © 2018 Elsevier Ltd

Keyword :

Effective medium theories Effective thermal conductivity Equilibrium molecular dynamics Interfacial layer Molecular dynamics simulations Nanofluids Solid-liquid interaction Thermal conductivity enhancement

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GB/T 7714 Wang, Xin , Jing, Dengwei . Determination of thermal conductivity of interfacial layer in nanofluids by equilibrium molecular dynamics simulation [J]. | International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer , 2019 , 128 : 199-207 .
MLA Wang, Xin 等. "Determination of thermal conductivity of interfacial layer in nanofluids by equilibrium molecular dynamics simulation" . | International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer 128 (2019) : 199-207 .
APA Wang, Xin , Jing, Dengwei . Determination of thermal conductivity of interfacial layer in nanofluids by equilibrium molecular dynamics simulation . | International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer , 2019 , 128 , 199-207 .
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Strengthened spatial charge separation over Z-scheme heterojunction photocatalyst for efficient photocatalytic H-2 evolution SCIE
期刊论文 | 2019 , 475 , 453-461 | APPLIED SURFACE SCIENCE
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Abstract :

Graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4) is a very promising earth abundant and visible light response photocatalyst for H-2 production. Fabricating novel nanostructure or combining with other semiconductors have been attempted to further enhance its activity. alpha-FeOOH, due to its structures greatly facilitating electrolyte transport, has been widely used as an excellent OER cocatalyst assisting the PEC water splitting process. However, to the best of our knowledge, it has not been attempted in photocatalytic H-2 generation. Herein, g-C3N4 modified with beta-FeOOH was designed for the first time for photocatalytic H-2 production. It showed H-2 production rate as 2.02 mmol.h(-1).g(-1), which was almost 6 times of pure g-C3N4. The significantly promoted catalytic activity was ascribed to the greatly enhanced charge separation efficiency by forming spatial separated reservoirs of photo activated electrons and holes in the Z-scheme heterojunction, corresponding to the conduction band of g-C3N4 and the valence band of beta-FeOOH, respectively. Our work should be valuable for fabricating visible-light response heterojunction based photocatalysts with better photocatalytic performance.

Keyword :

beta-FeOOH Graphitic carbon nitride Hydrogen evolution Photocatalysis Heterojunction

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GB/T 7714 Lu, Bing , Song, Rui , Geng, Jiafeng et al. Strengthened spatial charge separation over Z-scheme heterojunction photocatalyst for efficient photocatalytic H-2 evolution [J]. | APPLIED SURFACE SCIENCE , 2019 , 475 : 453-461 .
MLA Lu, Bing et al. "Strengthened spatial charge separation over Z-scheme heterojunction photocatalyst for efficient photocatalytic H-2 evolution" . | APPLIED SURFACE SCIENCE 475 (2019) : 453-461 .
APA Lu, Bing , Song, Rui , Geng, Jiafeng , Jing, Dengwei , Huang, Zhenxiong . Strengthened spatial charge separation over Z-scheme heterojunction photocatalyst for efficient photocatalytic H-2 evolution . | APPLIED SURFACE SCIENCE , 2019 , 475 , 453-461 .
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Dynamic properties of polydisperse colloidal particles in the presence of thermal gradient studied by a modified Brownian dynamic model EI SCIE Scopus
期刊论文 | 2018 , 51 (10) | JOURNAL OF PHYSICS D-APPLIED PHYSICS
WoS CC Cited Count: 2 SCOPUS Cited Count: 2
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Abstract :

Aggregation and migration of colloidal particles under the thermal gradient widely exists in nature and many industrial processes. In this study, dynamic properties of polydisperse colloidal particles in the presence of thermal gradient were studied by a modified Brownian dynamic model. Other than the traditional forces on colloidal particles, including Brownian force, hydrodynamic force, and electrostatic force from other particles, the electrostatic force from the asymmetric ionic diffusion layer under a thermal gradient has been considered and introduced into the Brownian dynamic model. The aggregation ratio of particles (R-A), the balance time (t(B)) indicating the time threshold when RA becomes constant, the porosity (P-BA), fractal dimension (D-f) and distributions of concentration (DISC) and aggregation (DISA) for the aggregated particles were discussed based on this model. The aggregated structures formed by polydisperse particles are less dense and the particles therein are loosely bonded. Also it showed a quite large compressibility as the increases of concentration and interparticle potential can significantly increase the fractal dimension. The thermal gradient can induce two competitive factors leading to a two-stage migration of particles. When t < t(B), the unsynchronized aggregation is dominant and the particles slightly migrate along the thermal gradient. When t > t(B), the thermophoresis becomes dominant thus the migrations of particles are against the thermal gradient. The effect of thermophoresis on the aggregate structures was found to be similar to the effect of increasing particle concentration. This study demonstrates how the thermal gradient affects the aggregation of monodisperse and polydisperse particles and can be a guide for the biomimetics and precise control of colloid system under the thermal gradient. Moreover, our model can be easily extended to other more complex colloidal systems considering shear, temperature fluctuation, surfactant, etc.

Keyword :

polydisperse particles modified Brownian dynamic model aggregation thermal gradient

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GB/T 7714 Song, Dongxing , Jin, Hui , Jing, Dengwei et al. Dynamic properties of polydisperse colloidal particles in the presence of thermal gradient studied by a modified Brownian dynamic model [J]. | JOURNAL OF PHYSICS D-APPLIED PHYSICS , 2018 , 51 (10) .
MLA Song, Dongxing et al. "Dynamic properties of polydisperse colloidal particles in the presence of thermal gradient studied by a modified Brownian dynamic model" . | JOURNAL OF PHYSICS D-APPLIED PHYSICS 51 . 10 (2018) .
APA Song, Dongxing , Jin, Hui , Jing, Dengwei , Wang, Xin . Dynamic properties of polydisperse colloidal particles in the presence of thermal gradient studied by a modified Brownian dynamic model . | JOURNAL OF PHYSICS D-APPLIED PHYSICS , 2018 , 51 (10) .
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Time-dependent scattering of incident light of various wavelengths in ferrofluids under external magnetic field EI SCIE Scopus
期刊论文 | 2018 , 447 , 124-133 | JOURNAL OF MAGNETISM AND MAGNETIC MATERIALS
WoS CC Cited Count: 2 SCOPUS Cited Count: 2
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Abstract :

Ferrofluids can exhibit the anisotropic thermodynamic properties under magnetic fields. The dynamic optical properties of ferrofluids in the presence of magnetic fields are of particular interest due to their potential application as various optical devices. Although time-dependent light scattering by ferrofluids have been extensively studied, the effect of wavelength of incident light have been rarely considered. Here, for the first time, we investigated both the time-and wavelength-dependent light scattering in water based ferrofluids containing Fe3O4 nanoparticles under an external magnetic field. The field-induced response behavior of the prepared ferrofluid samples was determined and verified first by thermal conductivity measurement and numerical simulation. Double-beam UV-Vis spectrophotometer was employed to record the temporal evolution of transmitted intensity of incident light of various wavelengths passing through the ferrofluid sample and propagating parallel to the applied field. As expected, the light intensity decreases to a certain value right after the field is turned on due to the thermal fluctuation induced disorder inside the flexible particle chains. Then the light intensity further decreases with time until the appearance of a minimum at time tau(0) followed by an inversed increase before finally reaches equilibrium at a particular time. More importantly, the characteristic inversion time tau(0) was found to follow a power law increase with the wavelength of incident light (tau(0) similar to lambda(alpha), where alpha = 2.07). A quantitative explanation for the wavelength dependence of characteristic time was proposed based on the finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) method. The simulation results are in good agreement with our experimental observations. The time-dependent light scattering in ferrofluids under different incident wavelengths was rationalized by considering both the coarsening process of the particle chains and the occurrence of resonance within the magnetic scatterers. Our finding should be of value for the development of various light-tunable optical devices. (c) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Keyword :

Aggregation kinematics Light scattering FDTD simulation Incident wavelength Ferrofluids

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GB/T 7714 Jin, Jingyu , Song, Dongxing , Geng, Jiafeng et al. Time-dependent scattering of incident light of various wavelengths in ferrofluids under external magnetic field [J]. | JOURNAL OF MAGNETISM AND MAGNETIC MATERIALS , 2018 , 447 : 124-133 .
MLA Jin, Jingyu et al. "Time-dependent scattering of incident light of various wavelengths in ferrofluids under external magnetic field" . | JOURNAL OF MAGNETISM AND MAGNETIC MATERIALS 447 (2018) : 124-133 .
APA Jin, Jingyu , Song, Dongxing , Geng, Jiafeng , Jing, Dengwei . Time-dependent scattering of incident light of various wavelengths in ferrofluids under external magnetic field . | JOURNAL OF MAGNETISM AND MAGNETIC MATERIALS , 2018 , 447 , 124-133 .
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Insights into the complex interaction between hydrophilic nanoparticles and ionic surfactants at the liquid/air interface SCIE PubMed Scopus
期刊论文 | 2018 , 20 (22) , 15223-15235 | PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY CHEMICAL PHYSICS
SCOPUS Cited Count: 1
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Abstract :

Combinations of nanoparticles and surfactants have been widely employed in many industrial processes, i.e., boiling and condensation in heat transfer and hydraulic fracturing in shale oil and gas production, etc. However, the underlying mechanism for various phenomena resulting from the addition of nanoparticles into the surfactant solutions is still unclear. For instance, there are contradictory conclusions from the literature regarding the variations of surface tension upon the addition of nanoparticles into surfactant solutions. In this work, the dominating factors determining if the surface activity of the surfactant solution will increase or conversely decrease when adding certain kinds of nanoparticles have been investigated. Two typical hydrophilic nanoparticles, SiO2 and TiO2 with anionic or cationic surfactants, respectively, have been considered. The surface tension has been measured in a wide range of nanoparticle and surfactant concentrations. It was found that the surface tension of the ionic surfactant solution can be further reduced only if nanoparticles of the same charge were added. For instance, a system containing 0.25 CMC SDS and 1 wt% SiO2 behaves similar to a 0.34 CMC SDS-only solution. Interestingly, the observed synergistic effect is found to be more significant if the surfactant concentration is much lower than its CMC for a given nanoparticle content. Moreover, the effect is perfectly reversible. When the nanoparticles were separated from the system, the surface tension values recovered fully to that of the pure surfactants. If nanoparticles of opposite charge were added, however, the surface tension of the surfactant solution increased. Zeta potential measurement and centrifugal treatment have been employed to reveal the interplay between nanoparticles and surfactants and the adsorption behavior of their assemblies at the liquid/air interface. Based on the experimental outcomes, a possible physical mechanism was proposed. It was concluded that the electrostatic repulsion between surfactant molecules and nanoparticles should be the dominant factor responsible for the observed reversible synergistic effect. Our study is expected to contribute to a better understanding of the interfacial phenomenon in nanoparticle-surfactant complex systems.

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GB/T 7714 Jin, Jingyu , Li, Xiaoyan , Geng, Jiafeng et al. Insights into the complex interaction between hydrophilic nanoparticles and ionic surfactants at the liquid/air interface [J]. | PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY CHEMICAL PHYSICS , 2018 , 20 (22) : 15223-15235 .
MLA Jin, Jingyu et al. "Insights into the complex interaction between hydrophilic nanoparticles and ionic surfactants at the liquid/air interface" . | PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY CHEMICAL PHYSICS 20 . 22 (2018) : 15223-15235 .
APA Jin, Jingyu , Li, Xiaoyan , Geng, Jiafeng , Jing, Dengwei . Insights into the complex interaction between hydrophilic nanoparticles and ionic surfactants at the liquid/air interface . | PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY CHEMICAL PHYSICS , 2018 , 20 (22) , 15223-15235 .
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Photothermocatalytic Hydrogen Evolution over Ni2P/TiO2 for Full Spectrum Solar Energy Conversion EI SCIE Scopus
期刊论文 | 2018 , 57 (23) , 7846-7854 | INDUSTRIAL & ENGINEERING CHEMISTRY RESEARCH
WoS CC Cited Count: 1 SCOPUS Cited Count: 1
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Abstract :

For photocatalytic solar energy conversion, the critical challenge is to enhance the solar utilization efficiency. Many efforts have focused on the development of broad-band response nanomaterials. Here, we propose an alternative approach wherein, over Ni2P/TiO2 nanoparticles without noble metal, the UV-vis part of solar energy was absorbed and converted by a semiconductor and its infrared part was separately collected and converted into thermal energy to heat the photocatalytic reaction to a certain temperature. The photothermocatalytic hydrogen activity was 3.6 times that of the sum of the photocatalytic and thermocatalytic reactions. The in situ generated oxygen vacancies in Ni2P/TiO2 during the photothermocatalytic reaction were found to be responsible for the enhanced activity. Moreover, the photocurrent transient response results revealed the faster transfer of electrons from TiO2 to Ni2P at higher temperature which is vital for the significantly enhanced photothermocatalytic hydrogen production. The long-term test also shows the stability of the proposed reaction system.

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GB/T 7714 Song, Rui , Luo, Bing , Geng, Jiafeng et al. Photothermocatalytic Hydrogen Evolution over Ni2P/TiO2 for Full Spectrum Solar Energy Conversion [J]. | INDUSTRIAL & ENGINEERING CHEMISTRY RESEARCH , 2018 , 57 (23) : 7846-7854 .
MLA Song, Rui et al. "Photothermocatalytic Hydrogen Evolution over Ni2P/TiO2 for Full Spectrum Solar Energy Conversion" . | INDUSTRIAL & ENGINEERING CHEMISTRY RESEARCH 57 . 23 (2018) : 7846-7854 .
APA Song, Rui , Luo, Bing , Geng, Jiafeng , Song, Dongxing , Jing, Dengwei . Photothermocatalytic Hydrogen Evolution over Ni2P/TiO2 for Full Spectrum Solar Energy Conversion . | INDUSTRIAL & ENGINEERING CHEMISTRY RESEARCH , 2018 , 57 (23) , 7846-7854 .
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Significantly enhanced photocatalytic hydrogen generation over graphitic carbon nitride with carefully modified intralayer structures EI SCIE Scopus
期刊论文 | 2018 , 332 , 499-507 | CHEMICAL ENGINEERING JOURNAL
WoS CC Cited Count: 7 SCOPUS Cited Count: 9
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Abstract :

Graphitic carbon nitride has been widely investigated as promising photocatalyst for solar-driven photocatalytic hydrogen production. In this study, the intralayer properties of graphitic carbon nitride was modified by a facile hydrothermal treatment with appropriate amount of ammonium hydroxide to promote its photocatalytic H-2 production performance. Transition from intralayer modification to bulk structural transformation occurred once the concentration of NH3 center dot H2O is over certain concentration. The destruction of heptazine units resulted in the partial oxidation of C atoms in g-C3N4 during the hydrothermal treatment process and the introduction of -OH and -C=O- can effectively enhance the interaction between g-C3N4 with reactants. Band structure measurement revealed that the thus obtained g-C3N4 possessed elevated conduction band bottom indicative of improved reduction capacities. The significantly enhanced redox ability on the surface reaction sites overcame the deceased light absorption and higher charge recombination efficiency of charge carriers, and finally induced a significantly improved photocatalytic H-2 evolution (707.58 mu mol.h(-1).g(-1)). The highest visible light photocatalytic H-2 evolution rate was 7.5 times higher than that of pristine graphitic carbon nitride (94.46 mu mol.h(-1).g(-1)), with an apparent quantum yield of 5.18% at 420 nm. This study demonstrates a facile and effective strategy to tune the electronic and photocatalytic properties of carbon nitride for improved solar energy conversion efficiency which are expected to be extended to the modifications of other photocatalytic materials.

Keyword :

Photocatalysis Carbon nitride Ammonium hydroxide Hydrothermal treatment

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GB/T 7714 Luo, Bing , Song, Rui , Jing, Dengwei . Significantly enhanced photocatalytic hydrogen generation over graphitic carbon nitride with carefully modified intralayer structures [J]. | CHEMICAL ENGINEERING JOURNAL , 2018 , 332 : 499-507 .
MLA Luo, Bing et al. "Significantly enhanced photocatalytic hydrogen generation over graphitic carbon nitride with carefully modified intralayer structures" . | CHEMICAL ENGINEERING JOURNAL 332 (2018) : 499-507 .
APA Luo, Bing , Song, Rui , Jing, Dengwei . Significantly enhanced photocatalytic hydrogen generation over graphitic carbon nitride with carefully modified intralayer structures . | CHEMICAL ENGINEERING JOURNAL , 2018 , 332 , 499-507 .
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Facile preparation with high yield of a 3D porous graphitic carbon nitride for dramatically enhanced photocatalytic H-2 evolution under visible light EI SCIE Scopus
期刊论文 | 2018 , 238 , 294-301 | APPLIED CATALYSIS B-ENVIRONMENTAL
WoS CC Cited Count: 2 SCOPUS Cited Count: 3
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Abstract :

For its performance enhancement, graphitic carbon nitride (CN) has been prepared by acid protonation or heat etching methods, both with quite low product yield. In the present work, three dimension porous CN was prepared in a facile way with high yield by both operation of acid protonation and thermal oxidation. It was found that the CN subjected to firstly acid protonation and secondly heat etching (CN-HT) exhibited almost 29.5 times higher H-2 evolution rate compared to the pristine CN. While the sample subjecting to a reverse operation sequence only had 7.3 times improvement. Compared to the re-calcined sample without protonation, it was found that the introduction of protons (H+) into CN structure before re-calcination significantly enhanced its activity for visible light driven photocatalytic H-2 generation. After full characterizations, the significantly enhanced activity was attributed to the greatly enlarged surface areas, the promoted charge carriers separation and immigration efficiency, the improved reduction potential of photo-induced electrons, as well as the strengthened hydrophilic interface. Our study is expected to provide a new facile approach for tailoring the microstructure of layered materials to achieve improved performance not only for the application of photocatalysis, but also in many other fields.

Keyword :

Photocatalysis Carbon nitride Protonation Thermal oxidation Hydrogen evolution

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GB/T 7714 Luo, Bing , Song, Rui , Geng, Jiafeng et al. Facile preparation with high yield of a 3D porous graphitic carbon nitride for dramatically enhanced photocatalytic H-2 evolution under visible light [J]. | APPLIED CATALYSIS B-ENVIRONMENTAL , 2018 , 238 : 294-301 .
MLA Luo, Bing et al. "Facile preparation with high yield of a 3D porous graphitic carbon nitride for dramatically enhanced photocatalytic H-2 evolution under visible light" . | APPLIED CATALYSIS B-ENVIRONMENTAL 238 (2018) : 294-301 .
APA Luo, Bing , Song, Rui , Geng, Jiafeng , Jing, Dengwei , Zhang, Yazhou . Facile preparation with high yield of a 3D porous graphitic carbon nitride for dramatically enhanced photocatalytic H-2 evolution under visible light . | APPLIED CATALYSIS B-ENVIRONMENTAL , 2018 , 238 , 294-301 .
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Investigation of the performance of photovoltaic/thermal system by a coupled TRNSYS and CFD simulation EI SCIE Scopus
期刊论文 | 2017 , 143 , 100-112 | SOLAR ENERGY | IF: 4.374
WoS CC Cited Count: 6 SCOPUS Cited Count: 9
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Hybrid photovoltaic/thermal (PV/T) solar collectors can theoretically be designed to operate at near 80% in combined efficiency and has therefore been received ever increasing attention. In the present study, a 3D concentrated PV/T model was built and its photovoltaic/thermal system performances were investigated by a coupled TRNSYS and CFD simulation method. The influences of different kinds of solar cells and various parameters on the system performance have been systematically evaluated. As the most imporatant economic index for the practical use of PV/T system, in terms of the overall exergy efficiency under 50 times concentrations and 0.08 m.s(-1) inlet velocity, the sequence was found to be InGaP/GaAs/ InGaAs (37.53%) > GaAs (29.62%) > GaInP (21.62%). InGaP/GaAs/InGaAs solar cell under 50 times of concentration and inlet fluid velocity of 0.02 m.s(-1) was therefore employed for further one-step static TRNSYS-CFD coupled investigation. It was analyzed per hour, per month and per day based on the meteorological condition of Xi'an, a typical city in west China. In terms of energy efficiency, the energy economy is worse when the solar irradiance is relatively higher. However, the energy output is relatively larger under same condition. The trend for the exergy economy and the exergy output is inversed. Not only the thermal exergy efficiency is larger with the increased solar irradiance, the higher solar irradiance is also preferred in the view of thermal exergy output. Finally, noon time of 12:00 was chosen as the time variable in the coupled simulation per month and per day in July and August to get the largest total exergy outputs. It was found that the optimum working conditions vary according to different evaluation factors, the reasonable results should be determined according to specific needs. Our work should be valuable for the prediction and evaluation of performance of a designed PV/T system operating under various meteorological conditions. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Keyword :

CPV/T Exergy efficiency Energy efficiency TRNSYS-CFD coupled method

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GB/T 7714 Li, Yang , Jing, Dengwei . Investigation of the performance of photovoltaic/thermal system by a coupled TRNSYS and CFD simulation [J]. | SOLAR ENERGY , 2017 , 143 : 100-112 .
MLA Li, Yang et al. "Investigation of the performance of photovoltaic/thermal system by a coupled TRNSYS and CFD simulation" . | SOLAR ENERGY 143 (2017) : 100-112 .
APA Li, Yang , Jing, Dengwei . Investigation of the performance of photovoltaic/thermal system by a coupled TRNSYS and CFD simulation . | SOLAR ENERGY , 2017 , 143 , 100-112 .
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