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学者姓名:张金钰

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The influences of multiscale second-phase particles on strength and ductility of cast Mg alloys EI Scopus SCIE
期刊论文 | 2019 , 54 (3) , 2628-2647 | Journal of Materials Science
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Abstract :

Commercially cast Mg alloys generally contain two kinds of second-phase particles with different length scales, i.e. nanoscale precipitates and microscale particles. Both have substantial effect on the strength and ductility of Mg alloys, which, however, is still insufficiently understood up to now. Here in present work, a strengthening model and micromechanics model were, respectively, developed to quantitatively describe the individual influence and coupling effect of the two second-phase particles on yield strength and ductility. The relationships between the second-phase particles (size, volume fraction, aspect ratio and orientation) and strength or ductility, were ad hoc and experimentally validated in three Mg alloys with different precipitate orientations, i.e. Mg–3Gd alloy with prismatic plate precipitates, Mg–3.5Zn alloy with [0001]α rod precipitates and Mg–1Gd–0.4Zn–0.2Zr alloy with basal plate precipitates. Comparisons indicate that the calculations are in quite good agreement with the experimental data. It was commonly revealed that the precipitate strengthening (Orowan) makes a major contribution to the strength, which is highly dependent on the precipitate shape and orientation. On the other hand, the ductility is predominantly controlled by the microscale particles, which, serving as the microvoid initiators, have a detrimental effect on ductility much greater than the nanoscale precipitates. © 2018, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.

Keyword :

Coupling effect Different length scale Micro mechanics model Micro-scale particles Precipitate strengthening Second phase particles Strength and ductilities Strengthening model

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GB/T 7714 Fu, Wei , Wang, Ruihong , Wu, Kai et al. The influences of multiscale second-phase particles on strength and ductility of cast Mg alloys [J]. | Journal of Materials Science , 2019 , 54 (3) : 2628-2647 .
MLA Fu, Wei et al. "The influences of multiscale second-phase particles on strength and ductility of cast Mg alloys" . | Journal of Materials Science 54 . 3 (2019) : 2628-2647 .
APA Fu, Wei , Wang, Ruihong , Wu, Kai , Kuang, Jie , Zhang, Jinyu , Liu, Gang et al. The influences of multiscale second-phase particles on strength and ductility of cast Mg alloys . | Journal of Materials Science , 2019 , 54 (3) , 2628-2647 .
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Grain size-dependent Sc microalloying effect on the yield strength-pitting corrosion correlation in Al-Cu alloys EI SCIE Scopus
期刊论文 | 2018 , 721 , 200-214 | MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING A-STRUCTURAL MATERIALS PROPERTIES MICROSTRUCTURE AND PROCESSING
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Abstract :

Coarse-grained (CG), fine-grained (FG), and ultrafine-grained (UFG) Al-2.5 wt% Cu (Al-Cu) alloys were respectively prepared, with and without 0.3 wt% Sc addition, for comparison. The influences of minor Sc addition on the microstructural evolution, tensile mechanical properties and pitting corrosion resistance were system. atically studied at different grain scales. A significant Sc microalloying effect on the precipitation was observed that the minor Sc addition promoted the dispersion of finer theta'-Al2Cu precipitates in the CG alloy and favored the intragranular theta'-Al2Cu precipitation in the FG and UFG alloys, with the smaller grain size leading to a stronger Sc microalloying effect. The Sc addition induced convincing increases in the yield strength at all the three grain scales, and improved (in the CG and UFG Al-Cu alloys) or retained (in the FG Al-Cu alloy) the pitting corrosion resistance at the same time. This indicates that the inverse strength-pitting corrosion correlation as usually observed can be broken by minor Sc addition. The strengthening mechanisms were discussed and the grain size dependent pitting corrosion resistance mediated by the Sc addition was rationalized in terms of a competition between the positive influence derived from the interfacial Sc segregation and the negative influence come from the deformation-induced dislocations. The present findings provide a possible approach to break the inverse strength-pitting resistance correlation in heat-treatable Al alloys by modifying the precipitate/matrix interfaces through the suitable microalloying atom segregation.

Keyword :

Al alloys Grain size effect Interfacial segregation Microalloying Strength and corrosion

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GB/T 7714 Wu, S. H. , Zhang, P. , Shao, D. et al. Grain size-dependent Sc microalloying effect on the yield strength-pitting corrosion correlation in Al-Cu alloys [J]. | MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING A-STRUCTURAL MATERIALS PROPERTIES MICROSTRUCTURE AND PROCESSING , 2018 , 721 : 200-214 .
MLA Wu, S. H. et al. "Grain size-dependent Sc microalloying effect on the yield strength-pitting corrosion correlation in Al-Cu alloys" . | MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING A-STRUCTURAL MATERIALS PROPERTIES MICROSTRUCTURE AND PROCESSING 721 (2018) : 200-214 .
APA Wu, S. H. , Zhang, P. , Shao, D. , Cheng, P. M. , Kuang, J. , Wu, K. et al. Grain size-dependent Sc microalloying effect on the yield strength-pitting corrosion correlation in Al-Cu alloys . | MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING A-STRUCTURAL MATERIALS PROPERTIES MICROSTRUCTURE AND PROCESSING , 2018 , 721 , 200-214 .
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Ultrastrong Al0.1CoCrFeNi high-entropy alloys at small scales: effects of stacking faults vs. nanotwins EI SCIE PubMed Scopus
期刊论文 | 2018 , 10 (28) , 13329-13334 | NANOSCALE
WoS CC Cited Count: 3 SCOPUS Cited Count: 3
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Abstract :

Metastability engineering opens a new avenue to design high-entropy alloys (HEAs) originally proposed to benefit from phase stabilization. Meanwhile, boundary engineering via embedding planar defects such as stacking faults and nanotwins into the matrix of metals provides them with unique mechanical properties. In this work, for the first time, we combine the above two strategies to prepare Al0.1CoCrFeNi HEA pillars populated with a high density of stacking faults and nanotwins. It is uncovered that the stacking faulted (SF) Al0.1CoCrFeNi HEA pillars manifest ultrahigh strength exceeding 4.0 GPa and considerable compressive plasticity over 15%, much superior to their nanotwinned (NT) counterparts. Compared with the nanotwins undergoing detwinning during plastic deformation, the stacking faults in Al0.1CoCrFeNi high-entropy alloy thin films (HEAFs) are quite stable to hinder dislocation motion. Our findings not only endow the Al0.1CoCrFeNi HEAs with a predominant combination of strength and compression deformability, but also shed light on a new perspective for overcoming the strength and ductility trade-off in structural materials.

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GB/T 7714 Feng, Xiaobin , Zhang, Jinyu , Wu, Kai et al. Ultrastrong Al0.1CoCrFeNi high-entropy alloys at small scales: effects of stacking faults vs. nanotwins [J]. | NANOSCALE , 2018 , 10 (28) : 13329-13334 .
MLA Feng, Xiaobin et al. "Ultrastrong Al0.1CoCrFeNi high-entropy alloys at small scales: effects of stacking faults vs. nanotwins" . | NANOSCALE 10 . 28 (2018) : 13329-13334 .
APA Feng, Xiaobin , Zhang, Jinyu , Wu, Kai , Liang, Xiaoqing , Liu, Gang , Sun, Jun . Ultrastrong Al0.1CoCrFeNi high-entropy alloys at small scales: effects of stacking faults vs. nanotwins . | NANOSCALE , 2018 , 10 (28) , 13329-13334 .
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Unraveling the discrepancies in size dependence of hardness and thermal stability in crystalline/amorphous nanostructured multilayers: Cu/Cu-Ti vs. Cu/HfO2 EI SCIE PubMed Scopus
期刊论文 | 2018 , 10 (29) , 14331-14341 | NANOSCALE
WoS CC Cited Count: 1 SCOPUS Cited Count: 1
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Abstract :

Crystalline/amorphous interfaces (CAIs) confer outstanding mechanical properties on crystalline/amorphous nanostructured multilayers (C/ANMs), which are widely used in micro/nanodevices, because their unique interfacial structure possesses high strain compatibility. In this study, Cu/X (X = Cu-Ti, HfO2) C/ANMs with equal layer thicknesses (h) were comparatively investigated in terms of size-dependent hardness (H) and thermal stability to uncover the fundamental difference(s) between Cu/Cu-Ti and Cu/HfO2. It was found that both as-deposited Cu/Cu-Ti and Cu/HfO2 C/ANMs exhibited a maximum hardness at a critical thickness of h similar to 30 nm, which was caused by a transition from confined dislocation gliding to dislocation transmission across the interface. Specifically, the Cu/Cu-Ti C/ANMs exhibited annealing hardening, whereas the Cu/HfO2 C/ANMs exhibited annealing softening associated with a minimum softening at h similar to 30 nm, which was closely correlated with their thermal stability. In comparison with monolithic amorphous X thin films, the glassy X nanolayers in the present Cu/X C/ANMs exhibited reduced thermal stability and a trend that smaller sizes led to higher stability. The underlying mechanism of the size-dependent crystallization behavior of X nanolayers is discussed in terms of the constraining effects of the interface. These findings provide deep insights into the design of Cu/metallic-glass and Cu/ceramic-glass C/ANMs with optimal performance.

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GB/T 7714 Yue, T. , Wang, Y. Q. , Zhang, J. Y. et al. Unraveling the discrepancies in size dependence of hardness and thermal stability in crystalline/amorphous nanostructured multilayers: Cu/Cu-Ti vs. Cu/HfO2 [J]. | NANOSCALE , 2018 , 10 (29) : 14331-14341 .
MLA Yue, T. et al. "Unraveling the discrepancies in size dependence of hardness and thermal stability in crystalline/amorphous nanostructured multilayers: Cu/Cu-Ti vs. Cu/HfO2" . | NANOSCALE 10 . 29 (2018) : 14331-14341 .
APA Yue, T. , Wang, Y. Q. , Zhang, J. Y. , Wu, K. , Li, G. , Kuang, J. et al. Unraveling the discrepancies in size dependence of hardness and thermal stability in crystalline/amorphous nanostructured multilayers: Cu/Cu-Ti vs. Cu/HfO2 . | NANOSCALE , 2018 , 10 (29) , 14331-14341 .
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From size-dependent strengthening to softening in nanolaminated Cu/Cu-Zr crystalline/amorphous micropillars EI SCIE Scopus
期刊论文 | 2018 , 732 , 29-34 | MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING A-STRUCTURAL MATERIALS PROPERTIES MICROSTRUCTURE AND PROCESSING
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Microcompressive tests were performed to investigate the intrinsic modulation effect and extrinsic diameter effect on strength and deformation behaviors of nanolaminated Cu/Cu-Zr crystalline/amorphous micropillars within a diameter D range from 300 to 1500 nm as well as a modulation ratio eta range from 0.1 to 3.0. Experimental results revealed a transition of D-dependent deformation mode from homogeneous-like to shear localization at large eta, while D-independent homogeneous extrusion of Cu at small eta. Furthermore, the flow strength increased with raising D at small eta, but decreased at large eta, exhibiting a D-insensitive strength at a critical eta* similar to 0.5. These unusual results were rationalized in terms of a coupling effect of dislocation actions and shear transformation zone mediated operations.

Keyword :

Crystalline/amorphous nanolaminates Deformation behavior Flow stress Micropillars Size effect

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GB/T 7714 Wang, Y. Q. , Liang, X. Q. , Wu, K. et al. From size-dependent strengthening to softening in nanolaminated Cu/Cu-Zr crystalline/amorphous micropillars [J]. | MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING A-STRUCTURAL MATERIALS PROPERTIES MICROSTRUCTURE AND PROCESSING , 2018 , 732 : 29-34 .
MLA Wang, Y. Q. et al. "From size-dependent strengthening to softening in nanolaminated Cu/Cu-Zr crystalline/amorphous micropillars" . | MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING A-STRUCTURAL MATERIALS PROPERTIES MICROSTRUCTURE AND PROCESSING 732 (2018) : 29-34 .
APA Wang, Y. Q. , Liang, X. Q. , Wu, K. , Zhang, J. Y. , Liu, G. , Sun, J. . From size-dependent strengthening to softening in nanolaminated Cu/Cu-Zr crystalline/amorphous micropillars . | MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING A-STRUCTURAL MATERIALS PROPERTIES MICROSTRUCTURE AND PROCESSING , 2018 , 732 , 29-34 .
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Tuning the microstructure and mechanical properties of magnetron sputtered Cu-Cr thin films: The optimal Cr addition EI SCIE Scopus
期刊论文 | 2018 , 151 , 87-99 | ACTA MATERIALIA
WoS CC Cited Count: 1 SCOPUS Cited Count: 1
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Abstract :

Grain boundary (GB) engineering via alloying opens a pathway to design the interfaces in alloys for tuning their mechanical properties, thus it is quite critical to determine the optimum addition of alloying element. Here, we prepared immiscible Cu-Cr alloyed thin films by non-equilibrium magnetron sputtering deposition to study Cr alloying effects on the microstructure and mechanical properties of Cu thin films. It is found that Cr doping can notably refine the grains and promote the formation of fully nanotwinned columnar grains at low Cr volume concentrations (<=similar to 3.7 at.%) associated with the average GB Cr concentrations <=similar to 15 at.%, beyond which the formation of nanotwins is significantly suppressed. The role of Cr atoms/clusters played in the twinning process is rationalized in terms of dislocation rebound-promotion mechanism. Importantly, a maximum hardness is discovered at the optimum Cr addition of similar to 2.0 at.%. The Cr concentration-dependent hardness of Cu-Cr alloyed films was quantified by a combined strengthening model. The achievement of the maximum hardness was related to the greatest GB solute segregation-induced strength contribution. It is further uncovered that the Cu-Cr system exhibits strain rate sensitivity (SRS, m) monotonically reduced with increasing the Cr concentration, ranging from a positive m of 0.0314 (for pure Cu) to a negative m of -0.0245, which is attributed to a competition between the dislocation-boundary interactions (increasing m) and the dislocation-solute atoms interactions (decreasing m). These findings provide valuable insights into tuning the composition of alloyed thin films to achieve optimized mechanical performance. (C) 2018 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Keyword :

Alloying Mechanical properties Nanostructured Cu-Cr films Nanotwins

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GB/T 7714 Li, X. G. , Cao, L. F. , Zhang, J. Y. et al. Tuning the microstructure and mechanical properties of magnetron sputtered Cu-Cr thin films: The optimal Cr addition [J]. | ACTA MATERIALIA , 2018 , 151 : 87-99 .
MLA Li, X. G. et al. "Tuning the microstructure and mechanical properties of magnetron sputtered Cu-Cr thin films: The optimal Cr addition" . | ACTA MATERIALIA 151 (2018) : 87-99 .
APA Li, X. G. , Cao, L. F. , Zhang, J. Y. , Li, J. , Zhao, J. T. , Feng, X. B. et al. Tuning the microstructure and mechanical properties of magnetron sputtered Cu-Cr thin films: The optimal Cr addition . | ACTA MATERIALIA , 2018 , 151 , 87-99 .
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The effect of precipitates on voiding, twinning, and fracture behaviors in Mg alloys EI SCIE Scopus
期刊论文 | 2018 , 720 , 98-109 | MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING A-STRUCTURAL MATERIALS PROPERTIES MICROSTRUCTURE AND PROCESSING
WoS CC Cited Count: 2 SCOPUS Cited Count: 2
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The effect of precipitates on fracture behaviors was comparatively investigated among three kinds of Mg alloys with different precipitates, i.e., Mg-Gd alloy with prismatic plate-shaped precipitates, Mg-Zn alloy with [0001](alpha) rod-shaped precipitates, and Mg-Gd-Zn-Zr alloy with basal plate-shaped precipitates. By comparing the fracture behaviors of the alloys before and after aging treatment, it was evident that the presence of precipitates greatly promoted the formation of microvoids that were initiated at primary intermetallic particles. Voiding was the most accelerated in the Mg-Gd alloy, where the precipitate-dislocation interactions are the strongest. While in the Mg-Gd-Zn-Zr alloy with the weakest precipitate hardening, the precipitate-facilitated voiding was the least significant. The precipitate-dependent voiding suppressed the twinning behaviors, causing the volume fraction of deformation twins decreased in turn from Mg-Gd-Zn-Zr to Mg-Zn, and finally to Mg-Gd alloys. The tensile ductility of present Mg alloys approximately scaled with the volume fraction of deformation twins, and was highly sensitive to the precipitates. The fracture scenario of present Mg alloys was proposed that the voiding suppressed twinning and the competition between voiding and twinning can be mediated by precipitates. In the Mg-Gd-Zn-Zr alloy with limited voiding, the twinning dominated the deformation process and concomitantly resulted in a great ductility. The formation of microvoids or the fracture of primary intermetallic particles was quantitatively analyzed by applying a Weibull model, where both the alloy strength and the volume fraction of primary intermetallic particles were considered to rationalize the remarkable difference in fracture behaviors among the present three Mg alloys. Furthermore, the coupling contribution of precipitates and twins to the work hardening was modelled in the aged Mg-Gd-Zn-Zr alloy that displayed a large room temperature tensile ductility of similar to 13.5%.

Keyword :

Ductility Fracture mechanism Magnesium alloys Precipitates Twin

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GB/T 7714 Fu, Wei , Wang, Ruihong , Zhang, Jinyu et al. The effect of precipitates on voiding, twinning, and fracture behaviors in Mg alloys [J]. | MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING A-STRUCTURAL MATERIALS PROPERTIES MICROSTRUCTURE AND PROCESSING , 2018 , 720 : 98-109 .
MLA Fu, Wei et al. "The effect of precipitates on voiding, twinning, and fracture behaviors in Mg alloys" . | MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING A-STRUCTURAL MATERIALS PROPERTIES MICROSTRUCTURE AND PROCESSING 720 (2018) : 98-109 .
APA Fu, Wei , Wang, Ruihong , Zhang, Jinyu , Wu, Kai , Liu, Gang , Sun, Jun . The effect of precipitates on voiding, twinning, and fracture behaviors in Mg alloys . | MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING A-STRUCTURAL MATERIALS PROPERTIES MICROSTRUCTURE AND PROCESSING , 2018 , 720 , 98-109 .
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Stable nanocrystalline NbMoTaW high entropy alloy thin films with excellent mechanical and electrical properties EI SCIE Scopus
期刊论文 | 2018 , 210 , 84-87 | MATERIALS LETTERS
WoS CC Cited Count: 10 SCOPUS Cited Count: 12
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Abstract :

In this work, we systematically investigated the hardness, electrical resistance and thermal stability of nanocrystalline NbMoTaW high entropy alloy films with thickness varying from about 100 to 2000 nm. The nanocrystalline high entropy alloy film exhibited the peak hardness (similar to 16.0 GPa), strong size-independent electrical resistance (similar to 170 mu Omega.cm) as well as stabilized single phase body-centered cubic (BCC) structure even after exposed to vacuum annealing at 800 degrees C for 2 h. In the meantime, we provide reasonable insights into understanding behaviors above. With superior mechanical and electrical properties as well as good thermal stability, this kind of refractory nanocrystalline HEAFs will find extensive potential applications. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Keyword :

Electrical properties Hardness High entropy alloys Nanocrystalline Thermal stability Thin films

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GB/T 7714 Feng, Xiaobin , Zhang, Jinyu , Xia, Ziren et al. Stable nanocrystalline NbMoTaW high entropy alloy thin films with excellent mechanical and electrical properties [J]. | MATERIALS LETTERS , 2018 , 210 : 84-87 .
MLA Feng, Xiaobin et al. "Stable nanocrystalline NbMoTaW high entropy alloy thin films with excellent mechanical and electrical properties" . | MATERIALS LETTERS 210 (2018) : 84-87 .
APA Feng, Xiaobin , Zhang, Jinyu , Xia, Ziren , Fu, Wei , Wu, Kai , Liu, Gang et al. Stable nanocrystalline NbMoTaW high entropy alloy thin films with excellent mechanical and electrical properties . | MATERIALS LETTERS , 2018 , 210 , 84-87 .
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Effects of Zr addition on the multi-scale second-phase particles and fracture behavior for Mg-3Gd-1Zn alloy EI SCIE Scopus
期刊论文 | 2018 , 747 , 197-210 | JOURNAL OF ALLOYS AND COMPOUNDS
WoS CC Cited Count: 1 SCOPUS Cited Count: 2
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Here we report the effects of Zr addition (0.1-0.3 at.%) on the multi-scale second-phase particles and fracture behavior for Mg-3Gd-1Zn (at.%) alloys. Microstructural features of the alloys in the as-cast, solutionized, and aged conditions have been investigated in detail. The results have revealed that the cast alloys are mainly composed of alpha-Mg matrix, eutectic phase (Mg, Zn)(3)Gd, 14H long period stacking ordered (LPSO) structure and cuboid shaped GdH2 phase. After solution heat treatment, the eutectic phase (Mg, Zn)(3)Gd has transformed to X phase with 14H-LPSO structure, which has different distributions and morphologies due to different Zr additions. When the Zr addition is 0.3 at.%, a large amount of microscale Mg(Gd, Zn, Zr) particles appear along the grain boundaries. After aging heat treatment, Mg-3Gd-1Zn alloy with basal precipitates gamma '' exhibits poor age-strengthening response. In contrast, Zr addition to the Mg-3Gd-1Zn alloy gave rise to a strong age-strengthening response. The strength improved significantly due to dense distribution of nanoscale prismatic plate beta' and beta(1) precipitates, which are not observed in the Zr-free alloys. One key finding of this study is that Zr contributes to formation of the prismatic precipitates, and their amount increase with increase of Zr addition. The mechanical damage for these alloys is a sequence of microscale GdH2 or Mg (Gd, Zn, Zr) particles cracking, followed by fracture of the surrounding particles, and finally the growth/coalescence of micronvoids in the alpha-Mg matrix. The fracture of microscale particles was quantitatively analyzed by a Weibull model. (C) 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Keyword :

Fracture mechanism Gd hydrogen particles Long-period stacking ordered structure Magnesium alloys Precipitates

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GB/T 7714 Fu, W. , Wang, R. H. , Xue, H. et al. Effects of Zr addition on the multi-scale second-phase particles and fracture behavior for Mg-3Gd-1Zn alloy [J]. | JOURNAL OF ALLOYS AND COMPOUNDS , 2018 , 747 : 197-210 .
MLA Fu, W. et al. "Effects of Zr addition on the multi-scale second-phase particles and fracture behavior for Mg-3Gd-1Zn alloy" . | JOURNAL OF ALLOYS AND COMPOUNDS 747 (2018) : 197-210 .
APA Fu, W. , Wang, R. H. , Xue, H. , Kuang, J. , Zhang, J. Y. , Liu, G. et al. Effects of Zr addition on the multi-scale second-phase particles and fracture behavior for Mg-3Gd-1Zn alloy . | JOURNAL OF ALLOYS AND COMPOUNDS , 2018 , 747 , 197-210 .
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Alloying effects on ductility of nanostructured Cu-X (X = Zr and W) thin films EI SCIE Scopus
期刊论文 | 2018 , 152 , 146-149 | SCRIPTA MATERIALIA
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Alloying effect on tensile ductility of nanostructured Cu-X (X = Zr and W) thin films was studied in comparison. Both Zr and W atoms segregated at grain boundaries (GBs) and increased the GB cohesion energy, leading to similar increase of ductility in as-deposited Cu-X films. After annealing treatment, however, changes in ductility showed different alloying effect: the Cu-Zr one increased while the Cu-W one decreased when compared with their as-deposited counterparts. This discrepancy was rationalized by different microstructural evolution that intergranular CuZr amorphous layer was produced in the Cu-Zr film while intergranular W grains were formed in the Cu-W one. (C) 2018 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Keyword :

Columnar grains Cu-Zr and Cu-W films Ductility Grain boundary segregation Nanocrystalline metal

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GB/T 7714 Zhao, J. T. , Zhang, J. Y. , Yuan, H. Z. et al. Alloying effects on ductility of nanostructured Cu-X (X = Zr and W) thin films [J]. | SCRIPTA MATERIALIA , 2018 , 152 : 146-149 .
MLA Zhao, J. T. et al. "Alloying effects on ductility of nanostructured Cu-X (X = Zr and W) thin films" . | SCRIPTA MATERIALIA 152 (2018) : 146-149 .
APA Zhao, J. T. , Zhang, J. Y. , Yuan, H. Z. , Wu, K. , Liu, G. , Sun, J. . Alloying effects on ductility of nanostructured Cu-X (X = Zr and W) thin films . | SCRIPTA MATERIALIA , 2018 , 152 , 146-149 .
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