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Poverty and income inequality effects of the relocation program in Shaanxi, China SSCI
期刊论文 | 2021 , 35 (2) , 41-59 | ASIAN-PACIFIC ECONOMIC LITERATURE
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Abstract :

Governments in developing countries often consider relocation an effective way of fighting poverty. However, few studies have examined the impact of relocation on household livelihoods. This paper examines the impact of the largest relocation in modern Chinese history on migrants' well-being from the dual perspectives of poverty and income inequality reduction. Using survey data from southern Shaanxi and counterfactual analysis, we simulated the incomes of migrants in a non-relocation counterfactual scenario. We found a significant increase in household income and a significant reduction in the incidence, depth, and severity of household poverty after relocation. However, there was an increase of income inequality among relocated households. To promote more balanced development among those resettled, fairness of resource redistribution should first be ensured. Second, timely improvement in support services and facilities for the resettled communities should make full use of information technology to promote equal access to public services and ensure that migrants enjoy equal opportunities for development. Third, communication infrastructure between cadres and the masses should be improved, the information gap between them should be reduced, and there should be regular evaluation of migrants' satisfaction. Fourth, give full play to the role of religious and other charitable organisations in the fight against poverty, strengthen the synergy between different regions and groups, and foster a cooperative relationship between the strong and the weak.

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GB/T 7714 Li, Cong , Wang, Lei , Feldman, Marcus W. et al. Poverty and income inequality effects of the relocation program in Shaanxi, China [J]. | ASIAN-PACIFIC ECONOMIC LITERATURE , 2021 , 35 (2) : 41-59 .
MLA Li, Cong et al. "Poverty and income inequality effects of the relocation program in Shaanxi, China" . | ASIAN-PACIFIC ECONOMIC LITERATURE 35 . 2 (2021) : 41-59 .
APA Li, Cong , Wang, Lei , Feldman, Marcus W. , Li, Shuzhuo . Poverty and income inequality effects of the relocation program in Shaanxi, China . | ASIAN-PACIFIC ECONOMIC LITERATURE , 2021 , 35 (2) , 41-59 .
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参照群体、社会地位与农民工的生活满意度 ——基于广州调查的实证分析 CSSCI
期刊论文 | 2021 , 43 (5) , 39-52 | 人口学刊
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当农民工因流动导致外部环境发生变化时,他们会接触不同地理范围和不同社会文化背景的人,使得他们在评价自己社会地位时的参照群体发生变化.因此,研究农民工在流动的过程中如何选择自己的参照群体以及这一选择标准是否会发生变化,可为研究人员分析人们社会地位评价标准的变化提供新的视角.文章立足国际移民参照群体选择的已有文献,借鉴国际移民参照群体选择的理论依据和检验方法,利用广州数据检验我国农民工的参照群体与生活满意度之间的相关关系,考察我国农民工如何选择自己的参照群体以及参照群体的选择是否会随着农民工在城市居住时间的增加而发生变化.实证结果表明:农民工以城市居民为参照群体的主观社会经济地位和以老家村民为参照群体的主观社会经济地位与生活满意度之间均存在显著的正相关关系,即农民工同时选择城市居民和老家村民作为自己的参照群体,验证了跨国主义理论提出的双参照群体对我国农民工参照群体选择的适用性.此外,随着农民工在城市居住时间的增加,农民工与两类参照群体相比的相对社会地位与生活满意度之间的显著相关关系没有发生变化.因此,由强调农民工社会经济地位的绝对作用转向相对作用,引导农民工积极地感知社会地位,对提高农民工的生活满意度具有一定的意义.

Keyword :

农民工 生活满意度 社会地位 参照群体

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GB/T 7714 袁玥 , 李树茁 , 悦中山 . 参照群体、社会地位与农民工的生活满意度 ——基于广州调查的实证分析 [J]. | 人口学刊 , 2021 , 43 (5) : 39-52 .
MLA 袁玥 et al. "参照群体、社会地位与农民工的生活满意度 ——基于广州调查的实证分析" . | 人口学刊 43 . 5 (2021) : 39-52 .
APA 袁玥 , 李树茁 , 悦中山 . 参照群体、社会地位与农民工的生活满意度 ——基于广州调查的实证分析 . | 人口学刊 , 2021 , 43 (5) , 39-52 .
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农村老年家庭养老风险与老年福祉动态演进的跨学科分析框架 CSSCI
期刊论文 | 2021 , 43 (5) , 20-28 | 当代经济科学
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在管理学、经济学、生态学等多学科交叉研究范式的指导下,结合可持续生计分析框架、社会—生态系统理论和生命历程理论,构建了一个用于解释中国农村老年家庭养老风险与老年福祉动态演进的跨学科分析框架.框架以农村老年家庭为分析对象,从个体、家庭、社区多尺度视角出发,将养老风险拓展为涵盖风险、脆弱性和恢复应对策略三位一体的广义风险概念.继而将广义养老风险与可持续生计分析框架结合,形成以养老风险为核心的影响机制链条,分析"养老资本→养老风险→老年福祉"的动态演进机制,探索创新降低养老风险、提升老年福祉的家庭支持政策体系.

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GB/T 7714 李树茁 , 张丹 , 王鹏 . 农村老年家庭养老风险与老年福祉动态演进的跨学科分析框架 [J]. | 当代经济科学 , 2021 , 43 (5) : 20-28 .
MLA 李树茁 et al. "农村老年家庭养老风险与老年福祉动态演进的跨学科分析框架" . | 当代经济科学 43 . 5 (2021) : 20-28 .
APA 李树茁 , 张丹 , 王鹏 . 农村老年家庭养老风险与老年福祉动态演进的跨学科分析框架 . | 当代经济科学 , 2021 , 43 (5) , 20-28 .
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Marriage, Health, and Old-Age Support: Risk to Rural Involuntary Bachelors' Family Development in Contemporary China. PubMed
期刊论文 | 2021 , 13 (1) , 77-89 | Asian bioethics review
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In the traditional system of Chinese families, individuals are embedded in the institution of the family with defined obligations to enhance family development. As a consequence of the male-biased sex ratio at birth in China since the 1980s, an increasing number of surplus rural males have been affected by a marriage squeeze becoming involuntary bachelors. Under China's universal heterosexual marriage tradition, family development of rural involuntary bachelors has largely been ignored, but in China's gender-imbalanced society, it is necessary to adopt a family-based approach to identify and study the plight of rural involuntary bachelors. Studies on gender imbalance indicate that these men face multiple risks from the perspectives of their life course, the family life cycle, and the family ethic. To a certain extent, these risks are caused by a conflict between the individual's family life and family ethics and are mainly reflected in problems concerning marriage, health, and old-age support. Not only do these vulnerabilities affect the individual and family development across the whole life cycle but also pose major risks to social development in the face of strong gender imbalance. In order to deal with risks faced by rural involuntary bachelors, core ethical principles, including autonomy, beneficence, and justice, need to be adopted. Through adjustments to informal support provided by the family and formal support provided by policy-makers, risk of uncertainty in family development faced by rural involuntary bachelors could be reduced.

Keyword :

Family ethic Risk Family development China Rural involuntary bachelor

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GB/T 7714 Meng Yang , Yang Bo , Li Shuzhuo et al. Marriage, Health, and Old-Age Support: Risk to Rural Involuntary Bachelors' Family Development in Contemporary China. [J]. | Asian bioethics review , 2021 , 13 (1) : 77-89 .
MLA Meng Yang et al. "Marriage, Health, and Old-Age Support: Risk to Rural Involuntary Bachelors' Family Development in Contemporary China." . | Asian bioethics review 13 . 1 (2021) : 77-89 .
APA Meng Yang , Yang Bo , Li Shuzhuo , Feldman Marcus W . Marriage, Health, and Old-Age Support: Risk to Rural Involuntary Bachelors' Family Development in Contemporary China. . | Asian bioethics review , 2021 , 13 (1) , 77-89 .
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Advantages of being bicultural: Acculturation and mental health among rural-urban migrants in China SSCI
期刊论文 | 2021 , 119 | CITIES
WoS CC Cited Count: 1
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Acculturation is of great interest in research on immigrants' health. However, few studies have addressed this association for internal migrants in developing countries. Using data from a survey of rural-urban migrants in 2015-2016 in Guangdong, China, this paper goes beyond examining the link between acculturation and mental health and explores possible mediating roles of social support, perceived stress, and socioeconomic status (SES) for this association. The mediating effects of social support and SES are partially confirmed and allow us to explain bicultural migrants' advantages in mental health. Our findings carry important policy implications. To improve their mental health, migrants should be encouraged to maintain rural culture and to acculturate to urban culture. Our results suggest that, as migrants become integrated into the host society, they attain higher socioeconomic status but at the expense of losing social support from fellow villagers or fellow migrants. Thus, finding ways to strengthen and develop social support for migrants while facilitating their integration will be beneficial to their mental health. Urban governments should develop migrant-sensitive health systems/programmes and provide culturally sensitive mental health services for rural-urban migrants in the future.

Keyword :

Mental health Acculturation Social support Socioeconomic status Culturally sensitive health services China Rural-urban migrants

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GB/T 7714 Yue, Zhongshan , Wang, Bowen , Li, Shuzhuo et al. Advantages of being bicultural: Acculturation and mental health among rural-urban migrants in China [J]. | CITIES , 2021 , 119 .
MLA Yue, Zhongshan et al. "Advantages of being bicultural: Acculturation and mental health among rural-urban migrants in China" . | CITIES 119 (2021) .
APA Yue, Zhongshan , Wang, Bowen , Li, Shuzhuo , Fong, Eric , Feldman, Marcus W. . Advantages of being bicultural: Acculturation and mental health among rural-urban migrants in China . | CITIES , 2021 , 119 .
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Factors Associated with Death Anxiety Among Rural Chinese Older Adults: The Terror Management Perspective. PubMed SSCI
期刊论文 | 2020 , 164027520981726 | Research on aging | IF: 2.585
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The aim of this study was to examine how the factors suggested by the Terror Management Theory are associated with death anxiety among rural Chinese older adults.Data were derived from a longitudinal survey of older adults aged 60 and above, had at least one living child, and were living in rural areas of Anhui Province. The working sample included 1,362 older adults. Two-level random effects models were used.Children's financial support was negatively related to death anxiety, whereas emotional closeness with children was positively related to death anxiety. Older women reported more death anxiety than older men. Functional limitations were positively associated with death anxiety, and the widowed reported less death anxiety than the married. We did not find a significant association between religious belief and death anxiety.The study highlights the importance of culture in shaping death anxiety among older adults in rural China.

Keyword :

death anxiety widowhood functional limitations gender intergenerational support religious belief

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GB/T 7714 Pei Yaolin , Cong Zhen , Silverstein Merril et al. Factors Associated with Death Anxiety Among Rural Chinese Older Adults: The Terror Management Perspective. [J]. | Research on aging , 2020 : 164027520981726 .
MLA Pei Yaolin et al. "Factors Associated with Death Anxiety Among Rural Chinese Older Adults: The Terror Management Perspective." . | Research on aging (2020) : 164027520981726 .
APA Pei Yaolin , Cong Zhen , Silverstein Merril , Li Shuzhuo , Wu Bei . Factors Associated with Death Anxiety Among Rural Chinese Older Adults: The Terror Management Perspective. . | Research on aging , 2020 , 164027520981726 .
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The Impact of the Anti-Poverty Relocation and Settlement Program on Rural Households' Well-Being and Ecosystem Dependence: Evidence from Western China SSCI
期刊论文 | 2020 , 34 (1) , 40-59 | SOCIETY & NATURAL RESOURCES | IF: 2.821
WoS CC Cited Count: 4
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To evaluate the effect of China's anti-poverty relocation and settlement program (ARSP) on both human well-being and ecosystem conservation, we divide the relationship between household well-being and ecosystem dependence into four modes and examine the impact of ARSP on these modes by using household survey data. It finds that relocated households and those under centralized resettlement, voluntary relocation, and new stage relocation fall closer to the "high well-being, low dependence" mode. However, our results also show some concerns. The sampled households are generally at low levels of well-being in absolute terms, and their dependence on provision services is much higher than other ecosystem services. Additionally, households participating in the ARSP are also likely to fall into the "high well-being, high dependence" mode. More targeted measures should be taken to address these issues, especially sustainable livelihoods for relocated households should be promoted.

Keyword :

household livelihood South Shaanxi province Anti-poverty relocation and settlement program ecosystem services household well-being

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GB/T 7714 Li, Cong , Guo, Manman , Li, Shuzhuo et al. The Impact of the Anti-Poverty Relocation and Settlement Program on Rural Households' Well-Being and Ecosystem Dependence: Evidence from Western China [J]. | SOCIETY & NATURAL RESOURCES , 2020 , 34 (1) : 40-59 .
MLA Li, Cong et al. "The Impact of the Anti-Poverty Relocation and Settlement Program on Rural Households' Well-Being and Ecosystem Dependence: Evidence from Western China" . | SOCIETY & NATURAL RESOURCES 34 . 1 (2020) : 40-59 .
APA Li, Cong , Guo, Manman , Li, Shuzhuo , Feldman, Marcus . The Impact of the Anti-Poverty Relocation and Settlement Program on Rural Households' Well-Being and Ecosystem Dependence: Evidence from Western China . | SOCIETY & NATURAL RESOURCES , 2020 , 34 (1) , 40-59 .
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Exploring Livelihood Resilience and Its Impact on Livelihood Strategy in Rural China SSCI
期刊论文 | 2020 , 150 (3) , 977-998 | SOCIAL INDICATORS RESEARCH | IF: 2.614
WoS CC Cited Count: 23
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In an effort to mitigate ecological environments and improve human well-being, the Chinese government's largest-ever relocation and settlement programme is underway. Measuring livelihood resilience and further assessing its impact hold the key to strengthening adaptive capacity and well-being in poverty resettlements. Using a household survey of contiguous poor areas in Southern Shaanxi, China, this research proposes a framework to examine livelihood resilience and its impact on livelihood strategies in the context of poverty alleviation resettlement. To provide more comprehensive empirical evidence, we drew on three dimensions of the previously proposed livelihood resilience framework: buffer capacity, self-organizing capacity, and learning capacity. The results show that capital endowments, social cooperation networks, transportation convenience, and skills acquired from education and rural-urban migration can significantly affect the construction of livelihood resilience. The resilience of households that were relocated because of ecological restoration is the highest, followed by households relocated because of disasters; households relocated because of poverty reduction attempts have the lowest resilience. As for indicators of livelihood resilience, physical capital assets and previous work experience play a major role in household livelihood strategies for pursuing non-farming activities, while household size, stable income, social capital, and information sharing result in diversified livelihood strategies. These findings provide policy implications for enhancing livelihood resilience capacities and improving the scope of available livelihood strategies to emerge from the poverty trap and to adapt to the new environment.

Keyword :

Livelihood resilience Rural households Poverty alleviation resettlement Livelihood strategies Contiguous poor areas

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GB/T 7714 Liu, Wei , Li, Jie , Ren, Linjing et al. Exploring Livelihood Resilience and Its Impact on Livelihood Strategy in Rural China [J]. | SOCIAL INDICATORS RESEARCH , 2020 , 150 (3) : 977-998 .
MLA Liu, Wei et al. "Exploring Livelihood Resilience and Its Impact on Livelihood Strategy in Rural China" . | SOCIAL INDICATORS RESEARCH 150 . 3 (2020) : 977-998 .
APA Liu, Wei , Li, Jie , Ren, Linjing , Xu, Jie , Li, Cong , Li, Shuzhuo . Exploring Livelihood Resilience and Its Impact on Livelihood Strategy in Rural China . | SOCIAL INDICATORS RESEARCH , 2020 , 150 (3) , 977-998 .
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Internal Migration and the Health of Middle-Aged and Older Persons in China: The Healthy Migrant Effect Reconsidered SSCI PubMed
期刊论文 | 2020 , 43 (9-10) , 345-357 | RESEARCH ON AGING | IF: 2.585
WoS CC Cited Count: 1
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This study investigates associations between internal migration and health among middle-aged and older adults in China, including variations associated with type of migration (rural-to-urban, urban-to-rural, rural-to-rural, urban-to-urban). Data were drawn from China's Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (2011, 2013, 2015). Lagged panel and fixed-effect regression models address associations between migration and health outcomes (self-rated health, depression) while controlling for pre-migration and post-migration selection effects. The results reveal the positive implications of rural-to-urban migration for the self-rated health of middle-aged but not older adults. They also point to the positive effects of migration within and to rural areas for the self-rated and mental health of older adults. Overall, although migration may be beneficial to the health of internal migrants in China, complexities associated with age, type of migration, and the health outcome involved need to be taken into account.

Keyword :

China self-rated health older adults internal migration depression middle-aged adults

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GB/T 7714 Gao, Li , Penning, Margaret J. , Wu, Zheng et al. Internal Migration and the Health of Middle-Aged and Older Persons in China: The Healthy Migrant Effect Reconsidered [J]. | RESEARCH ON AGING , 2020 , 43 (9-10) : 345-357 .
MLA Gao, Li et al. "Internal Migration and the Health of Middle-Aged and Older Persons in China: The Healthy Migrant Effect Reconsidered" . | RESEARCH ON AGING 43 . 9-10 (2020) : 345-357 .
APA Gao, Li , Penning, Margaret J. , Wu, Zheng , Sterrett, Shannon Joao , Li, Shuzhuo . Internal Migration and the Health of Middle-Aged and Older Persons in China: The Healthy Migrant Effect Reconsidered . | RESEARCH ON AGING , 2020 , 43 (9-10) , 345-357 .
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Widowhood and depression: a longitudinal study of older persons in rural China. PubMed Scopus SCIE SSCI
期刊论文 | 2020 , 24 (6) , 914-922 | Aging & mental health
WoS CC Cited Count: 10 SCOPUS Cited Count: 11
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Using six waves of longitudinal data (2001-2015) collected in Anhui, China (N = 2,131) and generalized estimating equations (GEE) models, this study fulfilled several objectives. First, the study compared the widowed to the married to examine if the transition to and duration of widowhood contributes to changes in depression. Second, the study examined if the bereavement-depression relationship is a process that precedes widowhood or is an abrupt change following the death of a spouse. Third, the study examined if social resources influence the bereavement-depression relationship. The study found that there is pre-widowhood effect on depression and that the widowhood event also contributes to increases in depression. Levels of post-widowhood depressive symptoms peak during the first six months bereavement and taper off within 25 months. Controlling for social support, contact with children, and living arrangements does not change the bereavement-depression relationship. The findings support Attachment Theory, which suggests that the loss of a spouse leads to emotional isolation that cannot be overcome with kin-based social support and social integration.

Keyword :

bereavement depression Widowhood effect

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GB/T 7714 Xu Jie , Wu Zheng , Schimmele Christoph M et al. Widowhood and depression: a longitudinal study of older persons in rural China. [J]. | Aging & mental health , 2020 , 24 (6) : 914-922 .
MLA Xu Jie et al. "Widowhood and depression: a longitudinal study of older persons in rural China." . | Aging & mental health 24 . 6 (2020) : 914-922 .
APA Xu Jie , Wu Zheng , Schimmele Christoph M , Li Shuzhuo . Widowhood and depression: a longitudinal study of older persons in rural China. . | Aging & mental health , 2020 , 24 (6) , 914-922 .
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