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学者姓名:黄佐华

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Effect of confinement ratio on flame structure and blow-off characteristics of swirl flames EI SCIE Scopus
期刊论文 | 2022 , 135 | EXPERIMENTAL THERMAL AND FLUID SCIENCE
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Abstract :

Blow-off of swirl flames as well as its mechanism are fundamental issues and attract continuous attention due to its wide application in modern combustors. This study experimentally investigated the blow-off and flame macrostructure transition behavior of unconfined and confined premixed CH4/air flames stabilized on a swirl and bluff-body burner. PIV and OH-PLIF techniques were used to measure the flow field and instantaneous OH profile, respectively. It was observed that the combustor confinement could significantly broaden the blow-off limits, which was further widened with the increase of confinement ratio (CR) of the confined combustor. The influence of CR on flame stabilization was revealed by analyzing flame structures and flow fields. For the unconfined combustor, when the flames are far away and close to the blow-off, the shear layer and inner recirculation zone (IRZ) play the critical role in stabilizing the flame front, respectively. For the confined combustor, when the flame was far from blow-off, both the shear layer and the outer recirculation zone (ORZ) contributed to the stabilization. With the decrease of equivalence ratio, the stabilization effect of ORZ started to decrease and gradually weakened. When near lean blow-off limit, for CR = 2 (phi= 0.48), the flame was mainly stabilized by the IRZ, while for CR = 3 (phi = 0.46), the flame stabilization depended on the upstream IRZ/inner shear layer (ISL) and the downstream IRZ/ISL and ORZ/outer shear layer (OSL). Furthermore, the ISL vortexes would further accelerate the blow-off near the lean limit for confined and unconfined flames. The transition from stable to unstable was extended by increasing the CR in the confined combustor.

Keyword :

Blow-off limit Confinement ratio Flame macrostructure transition Flame stabilization Swirl flame

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GB/T 7714 Ji, Longjuan , Wang, Jinhua , Zhang, Weijie et al. Effect of confinement ratio on flame structure and blow-off characteristics of swirl flames [J]. | EXPERIMENTAL THERMAL AND FLUID SCIENCE , 2022 , 135 .
MLA Ji, Longjuan et al. "Effect of confinement ratio on flame structure and blow-off characteristics of swirl flames" . | EXPERIMENTAL THERMAL AND FLUID SCIENCE 135 (2022) .
APA Ji, Longjuan , Wang, Jinhua , Zhang, Weijie , Mao, Runze , Hu, Guangya , Huang, Zuohua . Effect of confinement ratio on flame structure and blow-off characteristics of swirl flames . | EXPERIMENTAL THERMAL AND FLUID SCIENCE , 2022 , 135 .
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Synergistic Effect of Mixing Ethylene with Propane on the Morphology and Nanostructure of Soot in Laminar Coflow Diffusion Flames EI SCIE Scopus
期刊论文 | 2022 , 148 (1) | JOURNAL OF ENERGY ENGINEERING
SCOPUS Cited Count: 1
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Abstract :

The synergistic effect of mixing ethylene with propane on the nanostructure and morphology evolution of soot in laminar coflow diffusion flames was investigated via combining thermophoresis sampling and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). A strong synergistic effect was observed regarding the soot yields when 0.05 and 0.1 propane ratios were applied. However, it was inhibited at 0.2 propane ratio. At the height above burner (HAB) of 20 mm, the soot size generated from pure ethylene flame was larger than other mixed fuel flames. At the lower and higher HABs, the addition of propane could increase the mean primary soot diameter in different degrees. The high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) analysis showed that the propane addition resulted in larger fringe length, smaller fringe tortuosity, and spacing at 0.1 and 0.2 propane ratios-especially at 0.2 ratio-indicating the soot have a more compact structure and higher degree of graphitization.

Keyword :

Laminar coflow diffusion flame Morphology Nanostructure Soot Synergistic effect

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GB/T 7714 Li, Qianqian , Wang, Liangchen , Yang, Rong et al. Synergistic Effect of Mixing Ethylene with Propane on the Morphology and Nanostructure of Soot in Laminar Coflow Diffusion Flames [J]. | JOURNAL OF ENERGY ENGINEERING , 2022 , 148 (1) .
MLA Li, Qianqian et al. "Synergistic Effect of Mixing Ethylene with Propane on the Morphology and Nanostructure of Soot in Laminar Coflow Diffusion Flames" . | JOURNAL OF ENERGY ENGINEERING 148 . 1 (2022) .
APA Li, Qianqian , Wang, Liangchen , Yang, Rong , Yan, Zhiyu , Song, Chen , Huang, Zuohua . Synergistic Effect of Mixing Ethylene with Propane on the Morphology and Nanostructure of Soot in Laminar Coflow Diffusion Flames . | JOURNAL OF ENERGY ENGINEERING , 2022 , 148 (1) .
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Effects of flow-flame interactions on the stabilization of ultra-lean swirling CH4/H-2/air flames EI SCIE Scopus
期刊论文 | 2022 , 319 | FUEL
WoS CC Cited Count: 1 SCOPUS Cited Count: 5
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Abstract :

Hydrogen (H-2) is regarded as a promising fuel to achieve decarbonization of power and propulsion systems. In this context, hydrogen enriched methane (CH4) combustion has attracted considerable attention in the development of low-emission gas turbines. To achieve low NOx emissions and avoid the dangers of flashback, combustion of CH4/H2/air mixtures under lean and/or ultra-lean operating conditions is of critical importance, while ultra-lean flames are prone to combustion instabilities and difficult to stabilize even in a bluff-body swirl burner. In this work, a series of confined lean premixed CH4/H-2/air swirling flames with hydrogen enrichment (alpha(H2) ) ranging from 0 to 80% is investigated under stable and ultra-lean conditions using simultaneous OH-PLIF and PIV measurements. The results suggest that decarbonization of combustion devices requires large volume fractions of H-2 in the fuel mixture, e.g., 80% H-2 to achieve half CO2 emission per heat of combustion. It is found that there is a flame topology transition when changing equivalence ratio and/or hydrogen enrichment. At a given alpha(H2), the flames with 0 and 40% H-2 always show "V "shapes, whereas an evolution from "M "to "V "shape can be observed for the 80% H2 flame when increasing the equivalence ratio. Moreover, at a given Phi, the flame shape will shift towards "M "shape at alpha(H2) = 80% from "V "shape at alpha(H2) = 0,40%. Furthermore, H2-enriched flames would move to the inner recirculation zone (IRZ) and stabilize there when decreasing Phi to ultra-lean conditions. Given that hydrogen enrichment can significantly enhance the resistance to flame strain and that under ultra-lean conditions, there is a strong diffusion of hydrogen from the swirling jet to the IRZ where the sufficient residence time and the increase in the local equivalence ratio contribute to the presence of flame pockets and flame stabilization in the IRZ.

Keyword :

Hydrogen-enriched flames PIV/OH-PLIF Swirl flames Ultra-lean flames

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GB/T 7714 Mao, Runze , Wang, Jinhua , Lin, Wenjun et al. Effects of flow-flame interactions on the stabilization of ultra-lean swirling CH4/H-2/air flames [J]. | FUEL , 2022 , 319 .
MLA Mao, Runze et al. "Effects of flow-flame interactions on the stabilization of ultra-lean swirling CH4/H-2/air flames" . | FUEL 319 (2022) .
APA Mao, Runze , Wang, Jinhua , Lin, Wenjun , Han, Wang , Zhang, Weijie , Huang, Zuohua . Effects of flow-flame interactions on the stabilization of ultra-lean swirling CH4/H-2/air flames . | FUEL , 2022 , 319 .
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Energy-related approach for reduction of CO2 emissions: A critical strategy on the port-to-ship pathway EI SCIE Scopus
期刊论文 | 2022 , 355 | JOURNAL OF CLEANER PRODUCTION
WoS CC Cited Count: 9 SCOPUS Cited Count: 141
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Abstract :

The maritime sector has been searching for efficient solutions to change energy consumptions patterns of ports and ships to ensure sustainable operation and to reduce CO2 emissions to support sustainable transport in line with International Maritime Organization (IMO) policy guidelines. Therefore, pursuing smart strategies by utilizing renewable energy sources, clean fuels, smart grid, as well as measures of efficient-energy use are beneficial towards attaining the core goals of the IMO, specifically CO2 emission reduction in the future. In this review work, the main methods and criteria for monitoring CO2 emission from ports and ships are meticulously presented. Advanced renewable energy technologies connected with sources such as solar, wind, tidal, wave, and alternative fuels and their application in ports to reduce CO2 are thoroughly examined. In addition, energy-saving techniques and strategies for alternative power and fuels in ships are comprehensively evaluated. The key finding is that port-to-ship interactions such as using zero-emission energy sources or nearly zero-emission approaches could offer significant benefits for CO2 emission reduction. Finally, it is recommended that smart approaches associated with efficient and clean energy use for the port-to-ship pathways to generate net zero-CO2 emissions for the maritime shipping sector need further urgent investigation.

Keyword :

Alternative fuel CO2 emission Energy-efficient system Port-to-ship strategy Renewable energy Smart technology

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GB/T 7714 Hoang, Anh Tuan , Foley, Aoife M. , Nizetic, Sandro et al. Energy-related approach for reduction of CO2 emissions: A critical strategy on the port-to-ship pathway [J]. | JOURNAL OF CLEANER PRODUCTION , 2022 , 355 .
MLA Hoang, Anh Tuan et al. "Energy-related approach for reduction of CO2 emissions: A critical strategy on the port-to-ship pathway" . | JOURNAL OF CLEANER PRODUCTION 355 (2022) .
APA Hoang, Anh Tuan , Foley, Aoife M. , Nizetic, Sandro , Huang, Zuohua , Ong, Hwai Chyuan , Olcer, Aykut I. et al. Energy-related approach for reduction of CO2 emissions: A critical strategy on the port-to-ship pathway . | JOURNAL OF CLEANER PRODUCTION , 2022 , 355 .
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Theoretical correction on the existing understanding for hydroper-oxymethyl formate dissociation in DME low temperature oxidation EI SCIE Scopus
期刊论文 | 2022 , 241 | COMBUSTION AND FLAME
SCOPUS Cited Count: 2
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Hydroperoxymethyl formate (HPMF), a carbonyl-hydroperoxide-like species, plays a vital role in the low temperature oxidation of DME because HPMF is formed with OH as a co-product, and it can also decompose to generate OH radicals. Unfortunately there is neither theoretical nor experimental evi-dence nor an established explanation of HPMF kinetics in the literature. A theoretical understanding of the potential energy surface of HPMF dissociation kinetics is evaluated at the CCSD(T)/CBS//M06-2X/6-311++ G(d,p) level of theory. Microcanonical variational transition state theory and Rice-Ramsperger-Kassel-Marcus/Master Equation calculations were performed to obtain temperature-and pressure-dependent rate coefficients. Two main reaction pathways, (1) the widely recognized channel involv-ing O-O bond fission to produce ((O) over dot)H + ((O) over dot)CH2OCHO radicals, and (2) a novel channel producing HO-CHO + CH2OO, were considered to be the most competitive reaction channels. Calculation results re-veal that there are significant differences between the current calculations and literature values, and the pressure-dependent behavior of HPMF decomposition cannot be ignored, particularly at low tempera-tures ( T < 600 K). The orders of magnitude difference between the model recommendations and theoret-ical calculations make it reasonable to doubt the previous kinetic description of HPMF O-O bond fission, with its mechanism remaining unreliable. Generally, this study serves as theoretical evidence to provide new insights into HPMF kinetics but also questions our current understanding of the low temperature DME oxidation mechanism. (C) 2022 The Combustion Institute. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Keyword :

ab initio Dimethyl ether Hydroperoxymethyl formate Low temperature oxidation RRKM/master equation

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GB/T 7714 Zhao, Qian , Zhang, Yingjia , Curran, Henry J. et al. Theoretical correction on the existing understanding for hydroper-oxymethyl formate dissociation in DME low temperature oxidation [J]. | COMBUSTION AND FLAME , 2022 , 241 .
MLA Zhao, Qian et al. "Theoretical correction on the existing understanding for hydroper-oxymethyl formate dissociation in DME low temperature oxidation" . | COMBUSTION AND FLAME 241 (2022) .
APA Zhao, Qian , Zhang, Yingjia , Curran, Henry J. , Huang, Zuohua . Theoretical correction on the existing understanding for hydroper-oxymethyl formate dissociation in DME low temperature oxidation . | COMBUSTION AND FLAME , 2022 , 241 .
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A Study on the Effect of Initial Temperature on Combustion Characteristics of RDX Based on the Optical Diagnosis Methods SCIE Scopus
期刊论文 | 2022 , 15 (7) | ENERGIES
SCOPUS Cited Count: 3
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Abstract :

The purpose of this work is to investigate the effect of different initial temperatures on the combustion characteristics of RDX materials. In the experiments, the electric heating plate below the RDX samples was controlled so that the initial temperatures were set to be 298, 323, 373, 423, and 473 K (below the material melting point), respectively. Three optical diagnostic methods were employed to capture the ignition process, flame thermal radiation, and NO distribution in the flame at different conditions. The results show that the increase in initial temperature can improve the reaction rate, shorten the ignition delay time, and increase the flame combustion intensity and speed, because of the earlier evaporation and pyrolysis process in the RDX samples. Increasing the initial temperature also enhances the thermal effect of the flame, which is related to the generation and consumption of NO to a certain extent.

Keyword :

combustion NO chemiluminescence optical diagnosis RDX thermal radiation

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GB/T 7714 Yan, Zhiyu , Song, Chen , Li, Qianqian et al. A Study on the Effect of Initial Temperature on Combustion Characteristics of RDX Based on the Optical Diagnosis Methods [J]. | ENERGIES , 2022 , 15 (7) .
MLA Yan, Zhiyu et al. "A Study on the Effect of Initial Temperature on Combustion Characteristics of RDX Based on the Optical Diagnosis Methods" . | ENERGIES 15 . 7 (2022) .
APA Yan, Zhiyu , Song, Chen , Li, Qianqian , Niu, Yulei , Wang, Jinhua , Huang, Zuohua . A Study on the Effect of Initial Temperature on Combustion Characteristics of RDX Based on the Optical Diagnosis Methods . | ENERGIES , 2022 , 15 (7) .
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Catalyst-Based Synthesis of 2,5-Dimethylfuran from Carbohydratesas a Sustainable Biofuel Production Route br EI SCIE Scopus
期刊论文 | 2022 , 10 (10) , 3079-3115 | ACS SUSTAINABLE CHEMISTRY & ENGINEERING
SCOPUS Cited Count: 61
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Abstract :

The development of renewable energy resources isstrongly urged to recoup the shortage of fossil-based energy and itsassociated pollution issues. Energy production from carbohydratematerials has recently been of great interest due to the availability,reliability, and abundance of carbohydrate sources. Significantly,the catalytic transformation of waste carbohydrates into furan-based biofuels, specifically 2,5-dimethylfuran (DMF), appears tobe an attractive solution to the aforementioned energy andenvironmental issues. The potential of DMF as a renewable fuel isprospective, with its physicochemical properties that are similar tothose of fossil fuels. Therefore, the current work focuses on theproduction of DMF, with the important aspects for enhancedDMF yield being summarized herein. Notably, the significant catalysts derived from zeolite, noble-metal, non-noble-metal, metal-organic framework, and electrocatalytic materials are discussed, alongside their effects in deriving carbohydrates to DMF.Furthermore, the mechanisms of DMF production were clarified too, followed by the scrutinization of the effects from reactionconditions, solvents, and hydrogen donors onto the DMF yield. Finally, the purification process, commercialization potential, andeconomic feasibility of DMF production were incorporated too, with insightful future directions being identified at the end of ourreview. This review is expected to advocate DMF production from carbohydrate materials, which could alleviate the energy andenvironmental problems encountered presently.

Keyword :

2 5-Dimethylfuran Carbohydrates Catalyst system Conversion efficiency Economic feasibility Purification Reaction condition

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GB/T 7714 Anh Tuan Hoang , Pandey, Ashok , Huang, Zuohua et al. Catalyst-Based Synthesis of 2,5-Dimethylfuran from Carbohydratesas a Sustainable Biofuel Production Route br [J]. | ACS SUSTAINABLE CHEMISTRY & ENGINEERING , 2022 , 10 (10) : 3079-3115 .
MLA Anh Tuan Hoang et al. "Catalyst-Based Synthesis of 2,5-Dimethylfuran from Carbohydratesas a Sustainable Biofuel Production Route br" . | ACS SUSTAINABLE CHEMISTRY & ENGINEERING 10 . 10 (2022) : 3079-3115 .
APA Anh Tuan Hoang , Pandey, Ashok , Huang, Zuohua , Luque, Rafael , Ng, Kim Hoong , Papadopoulos, Agis M. et al. Catalyst-Based Synthesis of 2,5-Dimethylfuran from Carbohydratesas a Sustainable Biofuel Production Route br . | ACS SUSTAINABLE CHEMISTRY & ENGINEERING , 2022 , 10 (10) , 3079-3115 .
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Effects of NH3/H-2/N-2 addition on soot morphology and nanostructure in laminar co-flow ethylene diffusion flame EI SCIE Scopus
期刊论文 | 2022 , 47 (36) , 16321-16334 | INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY
SCOPUS Cited Count: 20
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Abstract :

The present study investigated the effects of NH3/H-2/N-2 addition on soot morphology and nanostructure in laminar co-flow diffusion flame of ethylene, by adopting the method of thermophoretic sampling combined with transmission electron microscope (TEM). The volume fraction of NH3 varies from 10% to 30%, and the volume fraction of H-2 and N-2 are all 30%. The soot morphology evolution images were analyzed with the parameters representing size and fractal characteristics determined. Among the three diluents, the addition of NH3 is found to have the best suppressing effect with the smallest primary particle size and least accumulated aggregates, especially at the lower flame heights. Meanwhile, H(2 )addition is observed to advance the soot formation process due to the higher flame temperature. The soot particle images with a magnification time of 600,000 obtained from high-resolution transmission electron microscope (HRTEM) were processed by the processing code. The parameters describing the soot nanostructure were measured and analyzed with the fitted curves. It is found that the fringes of particles sampled from NH3 enriched flames tend to be shorter and more curved, and the inter fringe spacing tends to be larger, indicating the nanostructure is more disordered and the particles are easier to be oxidized. Compared with the flames with NH3 addition, particles from H-2 enriched flames show a more ordered and compact nanostructure. Finally, simulations were performed to further interpret the effects. Calculated results show that the NH3 and H-2 addition obviously suppress the production of larger PAHs, and NH3 is more effective than H-2, but this difference gradually narrows for greater PAHs. Simulations also indicate that the peak value of precursors in NH3 enriched flame is delayed. (C) 2022 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Keyword :

Laminar diffusion flame Morphology Nanostructure NH3/H-2/N(2 )addition Soot reduction

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GB/T 7714 Li, Qianqian , Song, Chen , Yan, Zhiyu et al. Effects of NH3/H-2/N-2 addition on soot morphology and nanostructure in laminar co-flow ethylene diffusion flame [J]. | INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY , 2022 , 47 (36) : 16321-16334 .
MLA Li, Qianqian et al. "Effects of NH3/H-2/N-2 addition on soot morphology and nanostructure in laminar co-flow ethylene diffusion flame" . | INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY 47 . 36 (2022) : 16321-16334 .
APA Li, Qianqian , Song, Chen , Yan, Zhiyu , Cao, Xun , Wang, Jinhua , Huang, Zuohua . Effects of NH3/H-2/N-2 addition on soot morphology and nanostructure in laminar co-flow ethylene diffusion flame . | INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY , 2022 , 47 (36) , 16321-16334 .
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A study on acoustically modulated bunsen flame and its impingement heat transfer EI SCIE Scopus
期刊论文 | 2022 , 47 (26) , 13168-13177 | INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY
WoS CC Cited Count: 1 SCOPUS Cited Count: 3
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This study experimentally examines acoustic-field-flame-interaction by using a low-power loudspeaker to actuate the oscillation of a Bunsen flame. It is observed that under acoustic forcing, the flow dynamics are altered, different patterns of the flame front are triggered, and both flame temperature field and heat transfer characteristics are changed. Moreover, impingement heat transfer is found to be increased when the flame is under acoustic modulation, indicating that acoustics can be used to promote heat transfer for flame impingement heating applications.There is a threshold forcing frequency of 300 Hz, beyond which no interaction between the sound and flame exists. The response of the flame to acoustic excitation exhibits a double-cone structure to naked eyes, and is found to be convectively bubbling, wrinkling and shrinking flame front under high-speed photography. The oscillating flame front height has exactly the same frequency as the sound, but the waveform is non-sinusoidal. Both symmetric and asymmetric distorted flame fronts are observed, with the former occurring at low frequencies while the latter at relatively higher frequencies.The effect of acoustic field on the thermal field is to lower the high-temperature region of the flame. Therefore, the cool core in the centre is narrowed, leading to higher local heat transfer. A ten percent increase in total heat transfer rate is obtained when the optimum nozzle-to-plate distance is coupled with the most effective forcing frequency of 50 Hz. Therefore, acoustic modulation is a feasible technique for promoting heat transfer.(c) 2022 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Keyword :

Acoustic modulation Acoustics flame interaction Bunsen flame Flame impingement heat transfer Laminar premixed flame

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GB/T 7714 Zhen, H. S. , Liu, H. , Wei, Z. L. et al. A study on acoustically modulated bunsen flame and its impingement heat transfer [J]. | INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY , 2022 , 47 (26) : 13168-13177 .
MLA Zhen, H. S. et al. "A study on acoustically modulated bunsen flame and its impingement heat transfer" . | INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY 47 . 26 (2022) : 13168-13177 .
APA Zhen, H. S. , Liu, H. , Wei, Z. L. , Liu, Z. H. , Liu, X. Y. , Huang, Z. H. . A study on acoustically modulated bunsen flame and its impingement heat transfer . | INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY , 2022 , 47 (26) , 13168-13177 .
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Experimental study on structure and blow-off characteristics of NH3/CH4 co-firing flames in a swirl combustor EI SCIE Scopus
期刊论文 | 2022 , 314 | FUEL
WoS CC Cited Count: 1 SCOPUS Cited Count: 22
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Abstract :

Experimental study on the unconfined lean premixed NH3/CH4 /air flames with three CH4 fractions of 0, 50%, and 100% stabilized on a bluff-body and swirl burner was investigated. The flow fields and instantaneous OH distributions were captured by synchronous PIV/OH-PLIF measurement. The macrostructure and critical mechanism of blow-off for the compact NH3/air flame at conditions far away and near blow-off, and the effect of CH4 addition on the topology and flame stabilization was discussed. Results show that the NH3/air flame possesses a poor lean blow-off limit Phi(b), and the NH3/air mixture can not be ignited when U-in is higher than 5 m/s. After adding 50% CH4 fuel, the laminar flame speed S-L and the extinction strain rate K-ext are approximately 3 times and 7 times that of the NH3/air flame with equivalence ratio Phi = 0.8, resulting in a more stable flame. And the NH3/air flame Phi(b) = 0.78 with inlet bulk velocity U-in = 4 m/s can be extended wider by 16.6% to Phi(b) = 0.65. The NH3 flame front has been locally extinguished due to excessive stretching, which is the key factor of triggering the overall blow-off. Stretching is mainly caused by shear strain. CH4 addition makes the flame front more wrinkled. Furthermore, the flame is strengthened due to the enhanced resistance to stretching by blending CH4 with NH3. But the root of the NH3/CH4/air flames with methane fractions of 50% and 100% also have excessive straining near the blow-off conditions, which induces flame blow-off. The increase of burning velocity and temperature by adding CH4 is also conducive to improving flame stability. The Inner Shear Layer (ISL) vortexes promote the uniform mixing of combustion products in the Inner Recirculation Zone (IRZ) and downstream combustion gas, which is conducive to the stability of CH4/air flame. For NH3/air flame, the ISL vortexes accelerate the flame blow-off by entraining the cold reactants into the IRZ.

Keyword :

Ammonia Blow-off Bluff-body and swirl burner Lean premixed combustion PIV/OH-PLIF

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GB/T 7714 Ji, Longjuan , Wang, Jinhua , Hu, Guangya et al. Experimental study on structure and blow-off characteristics of NH3/CH4 co-firing flames in a swirl combustor [J]. | FUEL , 2022 , 314 .
MLA Ji, Longjuan et al. "Experimental study on structure and blow-off characteristics of NH3/CH4 co-firing flames in a swirl combustor" . | FUEL 314 (2022) .
APA Ji, Longjuan , Wang, Jinhua , Hu, Guangya , Mao, Runze , Zhang, Weijie , Huang, Zuohua . Experimental study on structure and blow-off characteristics of NH3/CH4 co-firing flames in a swirl combustor . | FUEL , 2022 , 314 .
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