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学者姓名:贾申利

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< Page ,Total 31 >
Theoretical Model of the Retrograde Motion of Cathode Spots of Vacuum Arc EI SCIE Scopus
期刊论文 | 2022 , 50 (10) , 3742-3750 | IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PLASMA SCIENCE
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Abstract :

The phenomenon of cathode spot (CS) retrograde motion has been attracting extensive research in the field of vacuum arc. Although a number of theoretical models have been proposed to explain this phenomenon, up to now, the first-principle understanding is still missing. In this work, based on the generalized Ohm's law, it is proposed that there is a transport current in the explosive emission center when a transverse magnetic field (TMF) is applied. The investigation of the influence of the transport current on the strength of the electric field in the cathode sheath suggests that the transport current affects the ignition of new CS in the retrograde direction. In the framework of the ecton model, combined with the dynamics of explosive emission plasma, the relationship between the strength of applied TMF and the ignition probability of new CS in different directions is established, and the retrograde motion characteristics of CS are simulated using a statistical model. The simulation results show that the directionality of retrograde motion of CS is enhanced with an increase in TMF, and the retrograde motion speed of CS increases with the increase of the applied TMF. When the strength of TMF is small, the motion speed of a single CS has a linear relationship with the strength of TMF, but with the increase of the strength of TMF, the motion speed of a single CS is gradually saturated, which is consistent with experimental facts. The feasibility of the model is verified by comparing the simulation results with relevant experimental results.

Keyword :

Cathodes Cathode spot (CS) Ions Perpendicular magnetic anisotropy Plasmas retrograde motion Saturation magnetization Simulation transverse magnetic field (TMF) Vacuum arcs

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GB/T 7714 Xu, Pengfei , Shi, Zongqian , Guo, Jing et al. Theoretical Model of the Retrograde Motion of Cathode Spots of Vacuum Arc [J]. | IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PLASMA SCIENCE , 2022 , 50 (10) : 3742-3750 .
MLA Xu, Pengfei et al. "Theoretical Model of the Retrograde Motion of Cathode Spots of Vacuum Arc" . | IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PLASMA SCIENCE 50 . 10 (2022) : 3742-3750 .
APA Xu, Pengfei , Shi, Zongqian , Guo, Jing , Zhu, Qijie , Mo, Yongpeng , Sun, Jiajia et al. Theoretical Model of the Retrograde Motion of Cathode Spots of Vacuum Arc . | IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PLASMA SCIENCE , 2022 , 50 (10) , 3742-3750 .
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Post-arc current measurement and interruption performance of vacuum interrupter in DC interruption EI SCIE Scopus
期刊论文 | 2022 , 55 (14) | JOURNAL OF PHYSICS D-APPLIED PHYSICS
SCOPUS Cited Count: 2
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Abstract :

In the DC grid, fault current rises very fast due to low impedance. Fast DC circuit breakers are needed to isolate faults and avoid a collapse of the common DC grid voltage. Based on the forced current zero (CZ) technology, the vacuum interrupter (VI) equipped with fast electromagnetic repulsion mechanism is a very promising solution of fast DC interruption. The experimental research on the DC interruption characteristics of a VI, namely by examining the post-arc current (PAC) is presented in this paper. The dependence of the interruption capability on the PAC is analysed. What's more, the failure modes of the VI under various experiment conditions are summarized. A former finding was that not all the arcing history which starts from the electrodes separating to the CZ has influence on the PAC but only a very short duration of several microseconds right before the CZ takes effects. New experiment results are added in this paper to support the former finding. Another former finding was that a longer electrode separation will bring about higher PAC. In this paper, both the influence of the arcing memory time and the electrodes separation are owed to a higher residual plasma density, which is verified by a model for calculating the residual plasma density and the continuous transient model (CTM) for calculating PAC.

Keyword :

DC circuit breaker forced current zero post-arc current vacuum interrupter

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GB/T 7714 Tang, Qiang , Jia, Shenli , Shi, Zongqian et al. Post-arc current measurement and interruption performance of vacuum interrupter in DC interruption [J]. | JOURNAL OF PHYSICS D-APPLIED PHYSICS , 2022 , 55 (14) .
MLA Tang, Qiang et al. "Post-arc current measurement and interruption performance of vacuum interrupter in DC interruption" . | JOURNAL OF PHYSICS D-APPLIED PHYSICS 55 . 14 (2022) .
APA Tang, Qiang , Jia, Shenli , Shi, Zongqian , Mo, Yongpeng . Post-arc current measurement and interruption performance of vacuum interrupter in DC interruption . | JOURNAL OF PHYSICS D-APPLIED PHYSICS , 2022 , 55 (14) .
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Experimental Investigation on the Current Carried by a Cathode Spot of Vacuum Arc in Axial Magnetic Fields EI SCIE
期刊论文 | 2021 , 49 (5) , 1648-1653 | IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PLASMA SCIENCE
WoS CC Cited Count: 1
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Abstract :

The splitting and threshold currents of vacuum arc cathode spots in axial magnetic fields (AMFs) up to 220 mT are investigated experimentally. Measurements are made on electrodes of Cu and CuCr25 with electrode separations of 2 and 6 mm. The electrode diameter is 30 mm. All the experiments are conducted in a demountable vacuum chamber evacuated continuously by a turbo-molecular pump to a pressure of the order of 10(-3) Pa. The spots are photographed using a high-speed digital camera with an exposure time of 2 mu s. The AMF is applied by means of two permanent magnets placed symmetrically inside the chamber. The experimental results indicate that the splitting and threshold current decrease in the presence of AMF and tend to certain constant values when the field gets stronger. The splitting and threshold currents are considerably larger than Cu electrodes than those with CuCr25 electrodes. With increasing electrode separation, the splitting current decreases while the threshold current increases. Possible explanations are proposed to account for the experimental observations.

Keyword :

Axial magnetic field (AMF) cathode spot splitting current threshold current vacuum arc

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GB/T 7714 Shi, Zongqian , Xu, Pengfei , Zhu, Qijie et al. Experimental Investigation on the Current Carried by a Cathode Spot of Vacuum Arc in Axial Magnetic Fields [J]. | IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PLASMA SCIENCE , 2021 , 49 (5) : 1648-1653 .
MLA Shi, Zongqian et al. "Experimental Investigation on the Current Carried by a Cathode Spot of Vacuum Arc in Axial Magnetic Fields" . | IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PLASMA SCIENCE 49 . 5 (2021) : 1648-1653 .
APA Shi, Zongqian , Xu, Pengfei , Zhu, Qijie , Wu, Bingzhou , Wang, Cong , Jia, Shenli . Experimental Investigation on the Current Carried by a Cathode Spot of Vacuum Arc in Axial Magnetic Fields . | IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PLASMA SCIENCE , 2021 , 49 (5) , 1648-1653 .
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Analysis of influence of a novel inductive fault current limiter on the circuit breaker in 500-kV power system EI SCIE
期刊论文 | 2021 , 6 (6) , 997-1008 | HIGH VOLTAGE
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Abstract :

A contribution to the engineering application of a proposed 500-kV fault current limiter (FCL) is presented. A new type of FCL composed of a highly coupled split reactor (HCSR) and fast switches is proposed. When the circuit breaker (CB) in series with the FCL in the 500-kV power system interrupts the limited fault current, the rate of rise of the recovery voltage (RRRV) reaches a value much higher than the rated value. Based on a simplified equivalent single-phase circuit, the influence of the new FCL on the interruption procedure of the CB is simulated and discussed. The simulation results show that the high RRRV is caused by high-frequency resonant oscillations between the HCSR and its parasite capacitance. Analysis indicates that when the reactance of the FCL is close to the short circuit reactance of the system, the RRRV will reach the highest value. To solve this issue, we proposed installing a shunt capacitor with the FCL. Simulation results showed that the RRRV under all fault modes could be restrained to below the rated value by introducing a certain shunt capacitor.

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GB/T 7714 Tang, Qiang , Jia, Shenli , Zhang, Yanzhe et al. Analysis of influence of a novel inductive fault current limiter on the circuit breaker in 500-kV power system [J]. | HIGH VOLTAGE , 2021 , 6 (6) : 997-1008 .
MLA Tang, Qiang et al. "Analysis of influence of a novel inductive fault current limiter on the circuit breaker in 500-kV power system" . | HIGH VOLTAGE 6 . 6 (2021) : 997-1008 .
APA Tang, Qiang , Jia, Shenli , Zhang, Yanzhe , Xiu, Shixin , Mo, Wenxiong , Wang, Yong et al. Analysis of influence of a novel inductive fault current limiter on the circuit breaker in 500-kV power system . | HIGH VOLTAGE , 2021 , 6 (6) , 997-1008 .
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Research on Interrupting Processes of A 10 kV Mechanical HVDC Circuit Breaker EI Scopus
会议论文 | 2020 , 928-932 | 4th International Conference on HVDC, HVDC 2020
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Abstract :

Flexible HVDC transmission has wide prospects in new energy grid connection and consumption, rail traction, and the urban distribution network in the future. Mechanical HVDC circuit breaker is one of the most potential breaking methods in the future due to its high current interruption ability and low on-state loss. Firstly, the parameters di/dt and du/dt which affect them breaking performance are analyzed in this paper. Then, the variation of voltage and current characteristics of a 10kV mechanical HVDC circuit breaker under different operating conditions are simulated with Matlab/Simulink. Finally, the impact of two typical circuit breaker failures on di/dt and du/dt were analyzed and compared. © 2020 IEEE.

Keyword :

Electric circuit breakers HVDC power transmission Timing circuits

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GB/T 7714 Bao, Leilei , Mo, Yongpeng , Yang, Dawei et al. Research on Interrupting Processes of A 10 kV Mechanical HVDC Circuit Breaker [C] . 2020 : 928-932 .
MLA Bao, Leilei et al. "Research on Interrupting Processes of A 10 kV Mechanical HVDC Circuit Breaker" . (2020) : 928-932 .
APA Bao, Leilei , Mo, Yongpeng , Yang, Dawei , Yang, Minxiang , Shi, Zongqian , Jia, Shenli . Research on Interrupting Processes of A 10 kV Mechanical HVDC Circuit Breaker . (2020) : 928-932 .
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Research on discharge and radiation characteristics of multi-electrode high power pulsed xenon flash lamp EI CPCI-S Scopus
会议论文 | 2019 , 10896 | Conference on Solid State Lasers XXVIII - Technology and Devices
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Abstract :

As the laser pumping source, pulsed xenon flash lamp is widely used in high power laser amplifier system such as inertial confinement fusion projects. The radiation efficiency of pulsed xenon flash lamp is the crucial parameter. In our previous work, it has been proven that the pulsed xenon flash lamp with annular section has higher radiation efficiency as well as laser amplifier efficiency compared with traditional flash lamp. To further improve the characteristics of this kind annular section flash lamp, a multi-electrode system was proposed for annular section flash lamp in this paper. Experimental results shown that the discharge channels established more quickly and expended fast to whole lamp tube space. Also the distribution of the discharge plasma is more uniform. The novel multi-electrode xenon flash lamp has been investigated in the aspects of the electrical characteristics, the discharge plasma channel, radiation and neodymium doped glass fluorescence. Experimental results show that discharge and radiation characteristics of xenon flash lamp with multi-electrode structure are improved. The detail mechanisms of the improvements for the multi-electrode structure will be discussed in this paper.

Keyword :

flash lamp fluorescence multi-electrode radiation efficiency

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GB/T 7714 Jia, Shenli , Mo, Yongpeng , Huang, Chumin et al. Research on discharge and radiation characteristics of multi-electrode high power pulsed xenon flash lamp [C] . 2019 .
MLA Jia, Shenli et al. "Research on discharge and radiation characteristics of multi-electrode high power pulsed xenon flash lamp" . (2019) .
APA Jia, Shenli , Mo, Yongpeng , Huang, Chumin , Fan, Shuwei , Liu, Jianjun , Li, Haibing . Research on discharge and radiation characteristics of multi-electrode high power pulsed xenon flash lamp . (2019) .
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Simulation and optimization for the optical performance of Top-emitting OLED EI CPCI-S Scopus
会议论文 | 2017 , 10362 | Conference on Organic Light Emitting Materials and Devices XXI
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Abstract :

The light out-coupling efficiency of top-emitting OLED devices with different micro-structures was investigated with the aid of software FDTD solutions. The micro-structures included surface grating, wavy shape and spherical micro lens respectively. The simulation results indicated that the micro-structure was helpful to improve the light out-coupling efficient of OLED. Further more a complex spherical crown surface micro-structure was designed. The light out-coupling efficient of top-emitting OLED with the complex spherical surface improved 14% compared that of the device with smooth surface and 6% compared with micro lens.

Keyword :

FDTD Micro structure OLED Optimization design Top emitting

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GB/T 7714 Chen Nana , Fan Shuwei , Wu Zhaoxin et al. Simulation and optimization for the optical performance of Top-emitting OLED [C] . 2017 .
MLA Chen Nana et al. "Simulation and optimization for the optical performance of Top-emitting OLED" . (2017) .
APA Chen Nana , Fan Shuwei , Wu Zhaoxin , Jiao Bo , Shen Li Jia . Simulation and optimization for the optical performance of Top-emitting OLED . (2017) .
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Factors affecting the exploding characteristics of tungsten wires with negative-polarity current EI SCIE Scopus
期刊论文 | 2017 , 24 (1) | PHYSICS OF PLASMAS | IF: 1.941
WoS CC Cited Count: 8 SCOPUS Cited Count: 7
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Abstract :

This paper presents the experimental results of electrical explosion of tungsten (W) wires in a vacuum using a negative-polarity current pulse with a magnitude of 1-2 kA. Uniform wire explosions with deposited energy sufficient for full vaporization are achieved for 0.5 cm-long W wires with the help of dielectric coating and soldering. Experimental results show that the dielectric coating can give 2-3 times more energy deposition by delaying the voltage breakdown. In order to improve the electrical contact, the metallic oxide on the surface of the electrodes is removed with sandpaper, and then the W wire is soldered to the electrodes. It is found that the improved electrical contact does not have an obvious influence on increasing the energy deposition. However, from the optical images, it can be seen that the uniformity of the wire explosion is greatly improved, especially for the W wire with 2 lm polyimide coating. Therefore, the dielectric coating and good electrical contact are the two key factors to uniformly transform the W wire into a gaseous state. With this method, the uniform wire explosions for longer tungsten wires (1 and 2 cm) are also realized under the same experimental conditions. Published by AIP Publishing.

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GB/T 7714 Shi, Yuanjie , Shi, Zongqian , Wang, Kun et al. Factors affecting the exploding characteristics of tungsten wires with negative-polarity current [J]. | PHYSICS OF PLASMAS , 2017 , 24 (1) .
MLA Shi, Yuanjie et al. "Factors affecting the exploding characteristics of tungsten wires with negative-polarity current" . | PHYSICS OF PLASMAS 24 . 1 (2017) .
APA Shi, Yuanjie , Shi, Zongqian , Wang, Kun , Wu, Ziqian , Jia, Shenli . Factors affecting the exploding characteristics of tungsten wires with negative-polarity current . | PHYSICS OF PLASMAS , 2017 , 24 (1) .
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The Motion Characteristics of a Single Cathode Spot in Removing Oxide Layer on Metal Surface by Vacuum Arc EI SCIE Scopus
期刊论文 | 2017 , 45 (1) , 106-112 | IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PLASMA SCIENCE | IF: 1.253
WoS CC Cited Count: 3 SCOPUS Cited Count: 4
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Abstract :

The motion of cathode spots plays a crucial important role in removing oxide layer on a metal surface by vacuum arc. In this paper, the characteristics of the motion of a single cathode spot on metal surface with oxide layer are investigated experimentally. Experiments are conducted in a detachable vacuum chamber. A hollow copper anode with a hole of 10 mm x 10 mm is used in order to observe the 2-D motion of the cathode spot. The motion of the cathode spot during the descaling process is photographed by a high-speed digital camera with an exposure time of 2 mu s. Experimental results indicate that there are slow motion and fast motion of the cathode spot during descaling process, and the slow motion is the basic characteristic in most of the descaling time. The probability distribution of the cathode spot's displacement and resident time, the average velocity, and the movement parameter S-2/t are analyzed quantitatively. The results indicate that with the increase of gap distance or the decrease of oxide layer thickness, the cathode spot becomes more active.

Keyword :

Cathode spots gap distance motion oxide layer probability vacuum arc

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GB/T 7714 Li, Wenhui , Shi, Zongqian , Wang, Cong et al. The Motion Characteristics of a Single Cathode Spot in Removing Oxide Layer on Metal Surface by Vacuum Arc [J]. | IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PLASMA SCIENCE , 2017 , 45 (1) : 106-112 .
MLA Li, Wenhui et al. "The Motion Characteristics of a Single Cathode Spot in Removing Oxide Layer on Metal Surface by Vacuum Arc" . | IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PLASMA SCIENCE 45 . 1 (2017) : 106-112 .
APA Li, Wenhui , Shi, Zongqian , Wang, Cong , Shi, Fei , Jia, Shenli , Wang, Lijun . The Motion Characteristics of a Single Cathode Spot in Removing Oxide Layer on Metal Surface by Vacuum Arc . | IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PLASMA SCIENCE , 2017 , 45 (1) , 106-112 .
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Numerical investigation on the growth process and size distribution of nanoparticles obtained through electrical explosion of aluminum wire EI SCIE Scopus
期刊论文 | 2017 , 50 (7) | JOURNAL OF PHYSICS D-APPLIED PHYSICS | IF: 2.373
WoS CC Cited Count: 9 SCOPUS Cited Count: 19
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Abstract :

Numerical investigations on the formation process and the final size distribution of nanoparticles during electrical explosion of Al wire are carried out. Firstly, the formation of the atomic vapor clusters is investigated. It indicates that the Al wire does not reach its atomization conditions. The size of the atomic vapor clusters is obtained, and it increases with the temperature at explosion. Then the growth process of Al nanoparticles from the formed atomic vapor clusters is modeled and the size distribution is predicted. The size distribution at different temperatures indicates that the growth process of Al nanoparticles becomes inactive gradually as the temperature decreases. The investigation of the size distribution under different cooling rates indicates that the bigger cooling rate is favorable for the formation of Al nanoparticles with smaller size dispersion and lower average dimension. The size distribution of Al nanoparticles obtained by the model is qualitatively consistent with the experimental data, which demonstrates the feasibility of this model.

Keyword :

electrical explosion nanoparticles nodal method

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GB/T 7714 Bai, Jun , Shi, Zongqian , Jia, Shenli . Numerical investigation on the growth process and size distribution of nanoparticles obtained through electrical explosion of aluminum wire [J]. | JOURNAL OF PHYSICS D-APPLIED PHYSICS , 2017 , 50 (7) .
MLA Bai, Jun et al. "Numerical investigation on the growth process and size distribution of nanoparticles obtained through electrical explosion of aluminum wire" . | JOURNAL OF PHYSICS D-APPLIED PHYSICS 50 . 7 (2017) .
APA Bai, Jun , Shi, Zongqian , Jia, Shenli . Numerical investigation on the growth process and size distribution of nanoparticles obtained through electrical explosion of aluminum wire . | JOURNAL OF PHYSICS D-APPLIED PHYSICS , 2017 , 50 (7) .
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